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Guide to the Stuart M. Sessoms Records, 1952-1980 (AR.0062)

Abstract

Contains the working files of Stuart M. Sessoms (1921-1997), Director of Duke Hospital (1968-1976). Types of materials include memorandums, correspondence, legal cases, annual reports, minutes, grant applications, theses, brochures, draft legislation, diagrams, charts, forms, contracts, and a photograph. Major subjects include the Duke Hospital, Duke Hospital departments, clinics, business and finance, Duke University School of Medicine, Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center, Sea Level Hospital, Lincoln Hospital, Highland Hospital, the VA Hospital, Methodist Church Hospital and Homes, Hillhaven Convalescent Center, and State agencies and boards. Materials range in date from 1952 to 1980.

Descriptive Summary

Call Number
AR.0062
Title
Stuart M. Sessoms Records
Date
1952-1980
Creator
Sessoms, Stuart M., 1921-1997
Extent
9.5 Linear Feet (6 cartons, 1 manuscript box)
Repository
Duke University Medical Center Archives

Series Quick Links

Collection Overview

Contains files from the office of Stuart M. Sessoms during his tenure as director of Duke University Hospital from August 1, 1968 to December 31, 1976. In addition to physical growth and expansion, Sessoms oversaw Duke Hospital and its affiliates during a period of turbulent social change. Duke Hospital navigated new legislation such as the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the application of Affirmative Action and the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act. Major court cases such as Roe v. Wade, Griggs v. Duke Power, and changes in the Involuntary Commitment Statute of North Carolina had obvious impact on the running of Duke Hospital. Duke Hospital also experimented with the use of computers in a clinical setting, "the interview conducted by the computer is an enjoyable part of your hospital visit," touted a 1970 brochure. Additional challenges included the Vietnam War, Sexual Revolution and Women's Liberation movements which all effected emerging ideas of patient and employee rights in the nine years the Stuart M. Sessoms Records incorporate.

Types of materials include memorandums, correspondence, legal cases, annual reports, minutes, grant applications, theses, brochures, draft legislation, diagrams, charts, forms, contracts, and a photograph. Major subjects include the Duke Hospital, Duke Hospital departments, clinics, business and finance, Duke University School of Medicine, Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center, Sea Level Hospital, Lincoln Hospital, Highland Hospital, the VA Hospital, Methodist Church Hospital and Homes, Hillhaven Convalescent Center, and State agencies and boards. Materials date from 1952-1980.

Arrangement Note

Organized into the following series: Subject Files, 1952-1980.

Restrictions on Access & Use

Some collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval.

Access Restrictions

This collection may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, including the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals or IRB approval may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which Duke University assumes no responsibility.

Materials in box 7 are restricted and can only be accessed with the permission of the Medical Center Archivist.

Use Restrictions

Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Contents of the Collection

1. Subject Files, 1952-1980

Series Scope and Contents: Includes the day-to-day operating files for the office of the Director of Duke Hospital [Medical Center] and its affiliated institutions from August 1, 1968 until December 31, 1976. The records include correspondence, committee minutes, reports, grant applications, thesis, brochures, draft legislation, diagrams, organizational charts, forms, contracts, and a photograph. The files, among other things, provide evidence of social and economic changes in healthcare during the period of 1968-1976. Topics range from redecorating waiting rooms to patient rights. The materials date from 1952 to 1980.

A - General [Admissions/Discharges, Abbott Laboratories-Legal Action], 1971-1975
Box 1
Abortion [Sterilization], 1967-1975
Box 1
Acute Care Unit, 1970-1972
Box 1
Allied Health Education, 1973-1977
Box 1
American College of Surgeons (Annual Report) [Cancer Program, Trauma, Standardization], 1952-1971
Box 1
Anatomy Department, 1969-1971
Box 1
Anatomical Gifts, 1970-1973
Box 1
Anatomical Gifts: DUMC Committee on, 1969-1970
Box 1
Anesthesiology [Formaldehyde spill, Fire 1974], 1974-1976
Box 1
Annual Utilization Analysis, 1975-1976
Box 1
[Audiovisual Education] Medical Arts, 1957-1969
Box 1
Auxiliary, Duke Hospital [Constitution and By Laws], 1967
Box 1
B - General [BD Spear Hospital Systems, Barnes Hospital, Benson], 1974-1975
Box 1
Bank [Wachovia DMC Branch], 1959-1974
Box 1
Bed Allocation and Distribution, 1964-1974
Box 1
Board of Visitors [Correspondence, Minutes, Draft DH Organizational Manual 1975], 1974-1975
Box 1
Brain Death Committee, 1970-1975
Box 1
Budget, 1975, 1974-1975
Box 1
Business Administration - Graduate School of ["An Economic and Linear Model of the Hospital"], 1967-1970
Box 1
Business and Finance, Office of, 1972-1974
Box 1
Business Office [Death Certificates, Patient Valuables, Social Workers, Billing, Notaries], 1974-1977
Box 1
By-Laws, Duke Hospital, 1973; 1977
Box 1
C - General [Cremation, Insurance, Central Teaching Laboratories and Facilities, Construction Cost Control, etc.], 1969-1973
Box 1
Cabarrus Memorial Hospital (Affiliation), 1973
Box 1
Cancer, Duke Comprehensive Center [Clinical Cancer Research Facility (CR-III)], 1971-1972
Box 1
Cancer, Duke Comprehensive Center [Clinical Cancer Research Facility (CR-III)], 1973-1974
Box 1
Cancer, Clinical Cancer Research Unit [CACRU, includes "Cancer Jig-Saw Puzzle"], 1974-1975; 1970-1975
Box 1
Cardiac Care Unit (CCU), 1969-1972
Box 1
Civitan Project [Civitan Facility for Mental Retardation and Child Development], 1964-1972
Box 1
Clinical Chairmen and Hospital Advisory Committee (HAC) - Memos, 1969-1970
Box 1
Clinical Chairmen and Hospital Advisory Committee (HAC) - Memos, 1971-1972
Box 1
Clinical Chairmen and Hospital Advisory Committee (HAC) - Memos, 1973-1975
Box 1
Clinical Research Unit (CRU) - General, 1970-1975
Box 1
Code 5 [Cardiac Arrest Cart, Paging], 1970
Box 1
Committee on Associate Degree Nursing Program, 1969-1970
Box 1
Committee on Laboratory Medicine, ad hoc, 1968-1975
Box 1
Committee on Learners [example: Nursing Students], 1972-1974
Box 1
Committee on Nutrition and Health, 1973-1974
Box 2
Committee on Patient Policies, 1972-1974
Box 2
Community Health Sciences (CHS), 1965-1975
Box 2
Community Health Sciences (CHS) - Convenience Clinic, 1971-1975
Box 2
Community Health Sciences (CHS) - Family Practice, 1973-1975
Box 2
Comprehensive Health Planning, 1967-1974
Box 2
Controller - Hospital, 1974-1975
Box 2
Cost Formula and Regulations, 1961-1970
Box 2
Emergency Department, 1973-1976
Box 2
Health Education and Welfare, Department (HEW), 1974-1975
Box 2
Helistop (Heliport), 1968
Box 2
Heart Center, 1974
Box 2
Highland Hospital, Division of DUMC -General, 1974-1975
Box 2
Highland Hospital, By Laws, Rules and Regulations, 1975
Box 2
Hillhaven Convalescent Center, 1968-1975
Box 2
Hospital Ambulance, 1975-1976
Box 2
Hospital Bureau, Inc., 1959-1972
Box 2
Hospital Information System, 1975
Box 2
Hospital Planning, Office of, 1971-1974
Box 2
House Staff - "Moonlighting", 1969-1974
Box 2
Housing - Medical Center Students, 1963-1970
Box 2
Hyperbaric Program, 1965-1969
Box 2
Inter-Com [News], 1959-1973
Box 2
Licensure 1975, Division of Human Resources, 1974-1976
Box 2
Licensure 1976, Division of Facility Services, 1975-1977
Box 2
Lincoln Hospital Comprehensive Health Center, 1968-1975
Box 2
Lincoln Hospital Comprehensive Health Center, Grant Application, 1970
Box 2
Lincoln Hospital Comprehensive Health Center, Proposal Revision, 1968-1969
Box 2
Long - Range Planning, 1960-1969
Box 2
Marine Biology Lab - Beaufort, NC, 1969-1970
Box 2
Medical Library/Communications Center, Seeley G. Mudd Building, 1964-1972
Box 2
Medicare - General, 1969
Box 2
Medicine - Dept. of [CC project-provision of patient care on Cardiology-Cabell], 1969
Box 2
Methodist Church - Hospital/Homes, 1968-1975
Box 2
Methodist Retirement Home, Inc., 1954-1976
Box 2
N - General [Nash General, National Research Council VA Workshop, Nickolaus technique, NIH, etc], 1969-1974
Box 3
National Health Insurance,
Box 3
Neuro-Surgical Unit, 1957-1974
Box 3
N.C. Blue Cross and Blue Shield (BCBS), 1961, 1967-1977
Box 3
N.C. Health Council, 1966-1974
Box 3
N.C. Hospital Association - Board of Trustees, 1975
Box 3
N.C. General Assembly, 1972-1975
Box 3
N.C. Legislative Research Commission, 1968-1972
Box 3
N.C. Medical Care Commission, 1972-1973, 1972-1973
Box 3
N.C. State Board of Public Welfare, 1956-1968
Box 3
Nursing, 1969-1976
Box 3
Nursing: Annual Report 1970-1971, 1971-1972, 1969-1972
Box 3
Nursing Annual Report 1973-1974, 1972-1974
Box 3
Nursing: Nursing Homes, 1963-1970
Box 3
Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1974-1975
Box 3
Operating Room, 1969-1975
Box 3
Operating Room - Advisory Committee, 1960-1971
Box 3
Operating Room - Renovations, 1965-1971
Box 3
Operating Room - Study Project, 1964-1965
Box 3
Ophthalmology - Dept. of, 1970-1972
Box 3
Oral Surgery Program, 1968-1974
Box 3
Outpatient Clinic (OPC) - Quarterly Reports, 1972-1974
Box 3
Outpatient Department (OPD) - Advisory Committee, 1966-1971
Box 3
Outpatient Department (OPD) - Space/Renovations, 1966-1974
Box 3
Outpatient Department (OPD) - Surgical OPC, 1968-1974
Box 3
Outpatient Department (OPD) - Medical OPC, 1968-1974
Box 3
Pathology, 1961-1975
Box 3
Paths for Employee Progress (PEP), 1969-1971
Box 3
Patient's Bill of Rights, 1973
Box 3
Patient Care Councils, 1968-1970
Box 3
Patient Leave Days, 1972-1979
Box 3
Pediatrics, 1975-1977
Box 4
Personnel, 1974-1977
Box 4
[Personnel] Policies Committee, 1970-1975
Box 4
Pharmacy, 1962-1969
Box 4
Pharmacy, 1970-1972
Box 4
Pharmacy, 1973-1974
Box 4
Pharmacy, 1975-1979
Box 4
Pharmacy - Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Contract, 1959-1969
Box 4
Pharmacy - Planning Committee for Pharmacy Industry Management Conference, 1968-1972
Box 4
Pharmacy - Search Committee for Directorship, 1969-1970
Box 4
Pharmacy- Survey of Pharmaceutical Services, 1969
Box 4
Pharmacy Task Force - Security, Controlled Substances, 1974-1975
Box 4
Pharmacy Techs - Durham Technical Institute, 1975
Box 4
Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee, 1965-1980
Box 4
Physical Therapy, 1974-1976
Box 4
Physicians Assoc. Program, 1971-1974
Box 4
Planning Office, 1971-1975
Box 4
Policies, Hospital (General), 1974-1975
Box 4
President, Duke U. [Hart, Knight, Sanford], 1960-1974
Box 4
President's Associates' Handbook, 1973
Box 4
Private Diagnostic Clinics, 1968-1969
Box 4
[Professional Standards Review Organization] PSRO - Central Piedmont PSRO (CPPSRO), 1974-1978
Box 4
[Professional Standards Review Organization] PSRO -Letter, 1973-1974
Box 4
[Professional Standards Review Organization] PSRO -Program Manuel, 1974
Box 4
Proudfoot Study [Scheduling, productivity], 1961-1968
Box 4
Provost Group - Minutes, 1969-1970
Box 4
Psychiatry, Dept. of, 1966-1970
Box 4
Psychiatry, Dept. of, 1971-1975
Box 4
Psychiatry - Center for the Study of Aging, 1957-1975
Box 4
Psychiatry - Child Guidance Clinic, 1963-1967
Box 5
Psychiatry - Day Unit, 1965-1970
Box 5
Psychiatry - Inpatient Adolescent Unit [Planning], 1971-1975
Box 5
Psychiatry - Outpatient Clinic, 1964-1973
Box 5
Public Relations, 1962-1975
Box 5
Quail Roost Conference on Patient Services and Personnel Relations- General, 1973
Box 5
Quail Roost Meeting, 1972-1973
Box 5
Questionnaires, 1973, 1972-1977
Box 5
Questionnaires/Surveys [Medicare/Medicaid, COTH, furniture, staff, open heart, multi-hospital systems, etc.], 1978-1980
Box 5
Radiology - Health Planning Council, 1975
Box 5
Radiology- Nuclear Medicine, 1973
Box 5
Radiological Safety Office, 1964-1967
Box 5
Red Cross, 1968-1977
Box 5
Regional Medical Program [NCRMP], 1965-1967
Box 5
Regional Medical Program [NCRMP], 1968-1969
Box 5
Regional Medical Program [NCRMP], 1970-1972
Box 5
Rehabilitation Advisory Committee, 1970-1973
Box 5
Release of Information- Current year [Medical Record Library System], 1974
Box 5
Renal Transplant Service, 1975
Box 5
Respiratory Therapy, 1974-1975
Box 5
Safety Committee, 1970-1974
Box 5
Safety - OSHA- Occupational Safety and Health Act, 1970-1975
Box 5
Safety- OSHA- Occupational Safety and Health Act [Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Survey], 1973-1976
Box 5
Salvation Army [Home and Hospital], 196-1973
Box 5
School Program for Inpatients, 1960-1971
Box 5
Sea Level Hospital, 1975-1976
Box 5
Sea Level Hospital, Board of Advisors, 1969-1978
Box 5
Sea Level Hospital- Bridge and Canal, 1970-1975
Box 5
Sea Level Hospital - By-Laws, 1969-1973
Box 6
Sea Level Hospital - Fiscal Statements, 1974-1976
Box 6
Sea Level - Land Development, 1969-1971
Box 6
Sea Level - Land Development, 1972-1973
Box 6
Sea Level - Land Development, 1974-1976
Box 6
Surgery, Dept. of, 1964-1969
Box 6
Surgery, Dept. of, 1970-1971
Box 6
Surgery, Dept. of, 1972-1975
Box 6
Transplants [Prisoner Proposal], 1965
Box 6
Tumor Registry [1972 DH Cancer Registry], 1970-1972
Box 6
University of North Carolina [University of NC Medical Education, Health Services Research Center], 1969-1973
Box 6
Veterans Administration (VA) Hospital, 1957-1969
Box 6
VA Hospital- Annual Report, 1973
Box 6
VA Hospital- Contracts/ Audit Team, 1970
Box 6
VA Hospital- Research Activities, 1953-1974, 1970-1975
Box 6
Wage and Salary Settlement [includes Local 77 Bulletin], 1974
Box 6
Watts Hospital, 1968-1974
Box 6
Whitehead Medical Research Institute [Med SAC], 1973-1974
Box 6
Whitehead Medical Research Institute [Med SAC], 1975
Box 6
Whitehead Medical Research Institute - Whitehead Institute Candidates, 1975
Box 6
Women's Clinic- Memo of Understanding, 1974, 1979
Box 6
Ziegler, B.C., Company, 1975
Box 6

Biographical Note

Stuart McGuire Sessoms, was born in 1921 to Edwin Tate Sessoms, MD and Lillian Howard Sessoms in Roseboro, North Carolina. . He received his BS in Pharmacy from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC-CH) (1943) and his MD from the Medical College of Virginia (1946). He completed his internship and residency at the US Marine Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland and received post-graduate training at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Prior to his tenure at Duke, Sessoms was Deputy Director of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, Maryland, for six years. He retired from government service in 1968 with the rank of Assistant Surgeon General.

After retiring from government service, Sessoms became the director of Duke Hospital [Medical Center]; a position he held from 1968 to 1976. During that time he also held positions at Duke School of Medicine as Associate Dean for Clinical Sciences, Professor of Medicine, and Professor of Health Administration.

As director of Duke Hospital, Sessoms succeed Dr. Robert Whalen who held the hospital directorship for a year, but left to continue his full-time duties in cardiology. At the time of his appointment as director in 1968, Sessoms reported to Dr. William G. Anlyan, Dean of the Medical School, and Charles H. Frenzel, administrative director of Duke Medical Center. While at Duke Hospital, Sessoms' primary responsibilities included the management of the 866-bed Duke Hospital as well as the hospitals at Sea Level and Asheville. In addition, Sessoms oversaw the expansion of Duke Hospital during a period of rapid innovation. This included the creation of a 604-bed Duke North hospital, the Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center, Lincoln Hospital Comprehensive Health Center, Sea Level Hospital, and the helistop (heliport). As well as further forays into medical research including a relationship with the Whitehead Medical Research Institute.

In December 1976, Sessoms resigned from the Directorship of Duke Hospital to accept a senior vice presidency at Blue Cross and Blue Shield of North Carolina, a position he held until he retired in 1987. In 1977, Sessoms was succeeded by John D. Shytle. Director, pro tem, who served as director for one year.

Sessoms received numerous awards and honors throughout his career, including a Meritorious Service Medal from the U.S. Public Health Service, the 1957 Distinguished Service Award for Public Service from the U.S. Junior Chamber of Commerce, as well as being the first ever recipient of two Distinguished Service Medals from USPHS. Addionally, he belonged to the American Medical Association and the American Hospital Association, was listed in Who's Who in America, and served on the Board of Visitors of the School of Public Health at UNC-CH.

Sessoms was married to Thelma "Teen" Call Sessoms. They had two children. He was reported to have been active in PTA work, with Cub Scouts, US Junior Chamber of Commerce, and was an active member of the Triangle Presbyterian Church. Sessoms died in 1997.

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Stuart M. Sessoms Records, Duke University Medical Center Archives.

Acquisitions Information

Source unknown

Processing Information

Processed by Archives staff; encoded by Dawne Howard Lucas: October 2012; reprocessed by E. Durocher: February 2017

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