Collection Finding Aid

Eugene A. Stead Papers

Collection Number: MC.0024

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Duke Medical Center Archives in Durham, N.C. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


Collection Overview expand/collapseExpand/collapse

Estimated Extent: 9.00 linear feet
Abstract: Contains the professional papers of Eugene Anson Stead, former professor and chair of the Department of Medicine at Duke University School of Medicine. Types of materials include correspondence, subject files, grant materials, writings, speeches, manuscript materials, certificates, awards, photographs, clippings, and audiotapes. Also includes manuscript materials created by John Laszlo based on interviews with Stead and photographs created and used by Barton F. Haynes as editor of Stead's memoirs,A Way of Thinking: A Primer on the Art of Being a Doctor. Major subjects include the Duke University School of Medicine, the Department of Medicine, study and teaching of medicine, medical ethics, medical education, and education of physician assistants. Materials range in date from 1929 to 1999.
Creator: Stead, Eugene A.
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Information for Users expand/collapseExpand/collapse

Access Restrictions
This collection may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, including the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals or IRB approval may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which Duke University assumes no responsibility. Materials in Series 12 must be screened for sensitive or confidential information before they can be accessed.
Usage Restrictions
Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], Eugene A. Stead Papers, Duke University Medical Center Archives.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Collections may contain Medical Center Administrative records. These include records of the officers of the University, as defined in the Bylaws, the deans of schools and colleges, and departments, institutes, and other offices as designated by the President. For a period of twenty-five years from the origin of the material, permission in writing from the director of the office of record and the Medical Center Archivist is required for use. After twenty-five years, records that have been processed may be consulted with the permission of the Medical Center Archivist.
Collection may contain Records of the Board of Trustees of the Duke University Medical Center. These include minutes and supporting documentation of the Board, its Executive Committee, and standing and ad hoc committees, and reports, studies, and the like presented solely to the Board. Records which have been existence for at least fifty years are available for scholarly research with the permission of the Medical Center Archivist. Access to records which have been in existence for less than fifty years shall be granted only by special permission, in writing, of the Medical Center Board of Trustees.
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Subject Headings expand/collapseExpand/collapse

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings and Medical Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collectionsuch as folders or items.

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    Related Collections expand/collapseExpand/collapse

      Department of Community and Family Medicine Records.: Duke University Medical Center Archives.
      E. Harvey Estes Papers.: Duke University Medical Center Archives.
      Society for the Preservation of Physician Assistant History Collection.: Duke University Medical Center Archives.
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    Biographical Information expand/collapseExpand/collapse

    Eugene Anson Stead, Jr. was born in Georgia in 1908. He received his undergraduate and medical degrees from Emory University (B.S., 1928; M.D., 1932) and interned at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston (1934-1937). He was a resident at the Cincinnati General Hospital (1935-1936) and held a faculty position at Harvard University (1938-1941) and the Boston City Hospital prior to becoming the youngest person to chair the Department of Medicine at Emory University (1942). He was named dean of the School of Medicine at Emory University in 1946, but left one year later to become professor of medicine and chair of the Department of Medicine (1947-1967) at Duke University. Stead was widely known for having established the physician assistant training program at Duke University in 1965. In the 1950s, Duke Hospital faced an increased demand for services and a shortage of all types of nursing and allied health personnel. Stead, then chair of the Department of Medicine, envisioned a physician's assistant as a way to provide clinical support to physicians and to allow them to leave their practices to pursue continuing education opportunities. His experience running Emory's Grady Hospital during World War II had convinced him that residents and medical students could be trained to help doctors in patient care. Stead recruited the first students to begin the program at Duke University. The two-year program supplied physicians with knowledgeable personnel who could help meet the growing demand for their services. As a local and national leader, Stead held many distinguished posts, including president of the American Society for Clinical Investigation and the Association of American Physicians, founding member of the National Academy of Sciences Institute of Medicine, chairman of the American Heart Association's Ethics Committee, honorary fellow of the American College of Cardiology, and editor ofMedical Times,Circulation, and theNorth Carolina Medical Journal. Some of Stead's published works includedJust Say for Me (1968),The Future of Medical Education (1973),The Greater Medical Profession(1972),E. A. Stead, Jr.: What This Patient Needs is a Doctor(1978),Brain Sorting (1983),A Way of Thinking: A Primer on the Art of Being a Doctor (1995), andA Way of Working: Essays on the Practice of Medicine (2001). Among numerous honors, Stead received the John M. Russell Award of the Markle Foundation, the American College of Physicians Distinguished Teacher Award, the Association of American Medical Colleges' Abraham Flexner Award for Distinguished Service to Medical Education, the Gold Heart Award from the American Heart Association, the Kober Medal from the Association of American Physicians, and the Rodman E. and Thomas G. Sheen Award. Stead also received the Medical Alumni Association's Distinguished Teacher Award, which is now known as the Distinguished Faculty Award. Emory and Yale University have conferred honorary degrees upon him. In 2003, Stead received the William G. Anlyan, M.D. Lifetime Achievement Award from Duke Medical Alumni Association. Stead continued to teach and practice at Duke University Medical Center and Durham's Veterans Affairs Medical Center through the mid-1980s. Dr. Stead died in 2005.

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    Scope and Content expand/collapseExpand/collapse

    Contains the professional papers of Eugene Anson Stead, former professor and chair of the Department of Medicine at Duke University School of Medicine. Types of materials include correspondence, subject files, grant materials, writings, speeches, manuscript materials, certificates, awards, photographs, clippings, and audiotapes. Also includes manuscript materials created by John Laszlo based on interviews with Stead and photographs created and used by Barton F. Haynes as editor of Stead's memoirs,A Way of Thinking: A Primer on the Art of Being a Doctor. Major subjects include the Duke University School of Medicine, the Department of Medicine, study and teaching of medicine, medical ethics, medical education, and education of physician assistants.

    4 record storage boxes; 1 oversize box

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    Collection Contents

    Series Quick Links expand/collapseExpand/collapse

    Series: Correspondence, 1946-1991expand/collapseExpand/collapse

    Scope and Contents note
    Contains primarily correspondence reflecting Stead's work as a physician at Duke University, grant recipient, inventor, writer and editor of many scholarly publications, and international expert on internal medicine. Also includes some family correspondence.
    Subseries: General correspondence, undated
    Box 1
    General correspondence, 1950-1959
    General correspondence, 1960-1964
    General correspondence, 1965-1969
    General correspondence, 1970-1974
    General correspondence, 1975-1979
    General correspondence, 1980-1984
    General correspondence, August 1985-December 1985
    General correspondence, January 1985-July 1985
    General correspondence, 1986
    General correspondence, July 1987-December 1987
    General correspondence, January 1987-June 1987
    General correspondence, August 1988-December 1988
    General correspondence, January 1988-July 1988
    General correspondence, 1989
    General correspondence, 1990
    General correspondence, 1991
    General correspondence, undated
    Box 1
    Aging and Death, 1978-1988
    American Heart Association, 1951-1981
    American Medical Association, 1970-1971
    Biostatistics/Epidemiology, 1974, 1980
    Coming to Duke, 1946-1948
    Committees, 1980
    Death with Dignity, 1971, 1976
    Department of Computer Science, 1970-1972
    Duke University School of Medicine, 1952-1983
    Evolution of Physician Assistant Concept at Duke University, 1964-1977
    Gryphon Editions, 1977-1985
    Health Manpower Issues, 1967
    Health Systems Computing, 1968-1981
    Health Systems Computing - Bioengineering and Computer Science Lab, gifts, 1973-1977
    Health Systems Computing - Computer Textbook of Medicine, Prudential Foundation grant, 1975-1979
    House Staff Training, 1956-1981
    Insurance, 1981
    Insurance, 1982-1983
    Insurance, 1984-1985
    Krill, Karl E., 1970
    Letters of thanks, praise, and congratulations, 1958-1979
    Letters of thanks, praise, and congratulations, 1980-1985
    Medical Education, 1958-1977
    Methodist Retirement Home, 1976-1979
    North Carolina Medical Journal, 1982-1983
    North Carolina Medical Journal, 1986-1990
    Physician Assistant Program, 1964-1972
    Physician Assistant Program, 1973-1985
    Box 2
    Revson Foundation, 1980
    Rippel gift (computerized textbook of medicine), 1970-1977
    Special Projects [Physician's assistant program/public assistance], 1960-1969
    Rogers, David E., 1972
    Technology Education Network, 1985-1988
    Veterans Administration, 1963-1985
    Wise, Harold, 1979, 1982

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    Series: Subject Files, 1946-1991expand/collapseExpand/collapse

    Scope and Contents note
    Containsresearch notes,memoranda,reports andwritingspertaining to professional interests ofEugene A. Stead. Major subject in this series are computer technology in medical research and diagnosis, physician's insurance, aging and end of life ethics and directive,North Carolina Medical Society, physician assistants, and theMyocardial Infarction Unit atDuke University. Also included in this series is a grant proposal for a mobile restraint device, intended to help patients become mobile more quickly following surgery. Contains somecorrespondence, although most correspondence is located in Series 1.
    Box 2
    Aging and Death, 1978
    Cardiovascular and Respiratory Physiology Grant, 1946-1968
    Death with Dignity, 1957-1971
    Ethics Questions, 1987
    Examination, 1960
    Subseries: Health Systems Computing, undated
    Box 2
    Lister Hill Center Report, 1970
    Clinical Trial Database, 1972
    Computer Textbook of Medicine, Prudential Foundation Grant, 1975-1981
    Computerized Data for Doctor Treating Chronic Illnesses, 1976
    Final Report, 1977
    A Medical Database Approach to Evaluate Technology, 1979-1982
    Box 2
    Hickam, John, 1970
    House Staff Training, circa 1960-1968
    Insurance, circa 1981-1984
    Medical Alumni Weekend, 1978
    Medical Alumni Weekend, 1985
    Mobile Restraint/Ambulatory Support Technology for Independent Living, 1978-1983
    Mobile Restraint System Grant Materials, 1982-1984
    Myocardial Infarction Research Unit Report, 1966-1967
    Myocardial Infarction Research Unit Report, 1971
    Myocardial Infarction Research Unit Report, 1975
    North Carolina Medical Society, 1982-1985
    North Carolina Medical Society, 1989
    North Carolina Medical Society, 1990-1991
    Physician Assistants Program, circa 1970-1986
    Public and Private Enterprises, 1980-1981
    Stead Electronic Journal, undated
    Technology Education Network, 1985-1987
    Veterans Administration, 1978-1983

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    Series: Associations, 1950-1985expand/collapseExpand/collapse

    Box 2
    American Federation of Aging Research, 1981-1985
    American Society for Clinical Investigation, 1951-1959, 1981, 1984
    Association of American Physicians, 1950-1955, 1970-1974
    Davison Club, 1979-1981
    Institute of Medicine, 1970-1980
    National Academy of Medicine proposal, 1969-1970
    National Library of Medicine Board of Regents, 1978-1985
    Southern Society for Clinical Investigation, 1961-1980

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    Series: Conferences and Speeches, 1968-1988expand/collapseExpand/collapse

    Box 2
    Programs and Agendas, General, 1968-1987
    General, 1982-1984
    General, 1986-1988
    Eugene A. Stead, Jr., Symposium, 1968
    Dying/Death with Dignity panel, 1971-1973
    Macy Conference on Premedical Preparation and Medical School Admissions, 1980
    Medical Practice Information Demonstration Project, 1980
    American Medical Association Annual Conference on CME, 1981
    Paley Lecture, 1981-1982
    Alpha Omega Alpha, 1982
    Ohio State University Presentation, 1984
    Rovenstine Lecture, 1984
    Samuel L. Crow Lecture, 1984
    University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 1984-1985
    Wood Institute, 1986
    University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 1986
    Atlanta Medical Historical Society, 1987
    Emory University and North Carolina Chapter of American College of Physicians, 1986-1988

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    Series: Writings, 1930-1999expand/collapseExpand/collapse

    Box 2
    Editorial board of Current Diagnosis 7, 1982-1984
    Subseries: Article Reprints, undated
    Box 2
    Article Reprints, 1941-1947
    Article Reprints, 1950-1959
    Article Reprints, 1961-1969
    Article Reprints, 1970-1978
    Article Reprints, 1980-1989
    Subseries: Typed Manuscripts, undated
    Box 3
    General, 1958-1968
    General, 1969
    General, 1970-1971
    General, 1972-1979
    General, 1980-1983
    General,, 1984-1987
    Age Adjusted Mortality,, 1983
    [Biotechnics], 1985
    Cognitive Brain Death: the Major Ethical Issues of Our Time, circa 1989-1990
    Doctors Skilled in the Social, Informational and Management Sciences: an Essential Component of Health Care Systems, [medical school changes], 1970
    Job Description and Licensing, 1969
    Evolution of the Medical University, undated
    Life in the Emergency Room, 1986
    [Lifelong education and training], 1981-1984
    A Medical Center Degree--An Honest Approach to a Problem Usually Handled by Subterfuge, 1972
    [Patient accounting/data keeping], undated
    The Physician's Assistant,, 1964
    Principles of Geriatric Medicine, [chapter], 1982
    Unpublished, 1960-1969
    Unpublished, 1980-1989
    [Unpublished?], undated
    Subseries: Published, undated
    Box 3
    Published, 1930-1939
    Published, 1940-1949
    Published, 1950-1959
    Published, 1960-1969
    Published, 1970-1979
    Published, 1980-1989
    Published, 1990-1994
    Published, 1995-1999
    Published, undated
    Editor's Page, Medical Times, 1966-1970
    Newsletter to former staff, Department of Medicine, 1959-1967

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    Series: Interviews, 1987-1993expand/collapseExpand/collapse

    Scope and Contents note
    Containscorrespondence, notes,transcripts ofinterviews, and a reprint. Interview transcripts contain viewpoints and records of activities not found elsewhere in this collection. The Laszlo interview, done over the period of one year, was published as "The Doctor's Doctor: A Biography of Eugene A. Stead Jr., MD" in 2006. All materials, except for the Laszlo manuscript, from this series have been transferred to the Oral History Collection.
    Subseries: Paul C. Hendrix, reprint of interview, 1987
    Box 3
    Interview Transcripts, 1987
    Subseries: John C. Laszlo, undated
    Interview Transcripts, April 1987
    Interview Transcripts, February 1987
    Interview Transcripts, August 1987
    Interview Transcripts, January 1988
    Subseries: Interview and Manuscript materials, The Doctor's Doctor,, 1988
    Box 3
    Pages 1-150, 1988
    Pages 151-300, 1988
    Pages 301-460, 1988
    Pages 461-596, 1988
    Pages 597-641, 1988
    Subseries: Barton F. Haynes, undated
    Box AV 19 Box 1
    Tape 1, May 1991
    Tape 2, May 1991
    Tape 3, May 1991
    Interview Transcripts, May 1991
    Box AV 19 Box 1
    Tape 1, June 1991
    Tape 2, June 1991
    Tape 3, June 1991
    Interview Transcripts, June 1991
    Box AV 19 Box 1
    Tape 1, March 1992
    Interview Transcripts, March 1992
    Box AV 19 Box 1
    Tape 1, April 23, 1993
    Tape 2, April 23, 1993
    Subseries: Russell C. Maulitz, transcript, undated
    Box 4
    Interview Transcripts, undated

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    Series: Personal Materials, 1930-1998expand/collapseExpand/collapse

    Box 3
    Correspondence, 1949-1979
    Family, undated
    Health Innovations, Inc., 1982
    Kerr-Buggs Island Lake Protective Association, 1976-1977
    Medical registrations and licenses, 1944, 1947, 1992-1995
    Newsclippings, circa 1951-circa 1982
    Thesis, Emory University, The Normal Electrocardiogram, 1930
    Box FF1-3
    90th birthday poster from Catholic Medical Center of Brooklyn and Queens, New York, 1998

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    Series: Certificates and Awards, 1920-2000expand/collapseExpand/collapse

    Scope and Contents note
    Contains certificates, plaques, and coins in recognition of Stead's dedication to many professional projects and organizations.Routine Practices: Medical Services of the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital is a signed photocopy of the cover presented to Dr. Stead.
    Box 4
    Certificates, 1920s-1940s
    Certificates, 1950s-1960s
    Certificates, 1970s-1980s
    Certificates, 1990s-2000s
    American Academy of Physician Assistants, 1984
    American College of Cardiology, 1967
    American Heart Association James B. Herrick Award, 1970
    City of Medicine Award, 1988
    Dinner in honor of Eugene Anson Stead, Jr., 1968
    Duke Medical Alumni Awards Banquet, 1974
    Golden Apple Awards, 1963
    Kober Medal, 1980
    North Carolina Medical Society, 1991
    St. Francis Hospital, 1968
    Book of letters and memorabilia, from colleagues of Stead, 1976
    Routine Practices: Medical Services of the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, June 23, 1965

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    Series: China Trip, 1973expand/collapseExpand/collapse

    Box 4
    Preliminary Report, undated
    Scrapbook, undated
    Scrapbook, loose materials, undated
    Travel Diary, undated

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    Series: Photographs, 1937-1990sexpand/collapseExpand/collapse

    Scope and Contents note
    Contains photographs of Dr. Eugene A. Stead, Jr., and colleagues. Individuals include M. A. Blankenhorn, Mort Bogdonoff, Joseph C. Greenfield, John Hickam, Judy Swain, James V. Warren, Soma Weiss, Barton Haynes, and James Wyngaarden.
    Box 4
    Portraits of Stead, undated
    Stead and groups, undated
    Peter Bent Brigham Hospital/Cincinnati General Hospital, 1937-1942
    Grady Hospital Staff, 1943-1946
    Duke University Hospital Staff, 1964
    House Staff Shows, circa 1950-1951
    Other groups, undated
    Honoraria and memorabilia, 1957-1971, undated
    Yale University, honorary D.Sc., 1971
    Individuals, undated
    Portraits and Plaques (negatives), undated

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    Series: A2005-008: A Way of Thinking: A Primer on the Art of Being a Doctor photographs, (bulk 1995), 1929-1995expand/collapseExpand/collapse

    Scope and Contents note
    Contains photographs taken of Eugene A. Stead, wife Evelyn Stead, the Stead's home, Stead's colleagues, and of his son William Stead. Also includes some photographs of Barton F. Haynes (former chair of the Department of Medicine), William Stead, and Eugene A. Stead together. Also includes Stead with staff or patients at Duke University, Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, and Emory University. Selected photographs were used by Haynes as editor of Eugene A. Stead's memoirs,A Way of Thinking: A Primer on the Art of Being a Doctor (1995). Folders 6 and 7 contain various sizes of negatives, which were labeled by the donor to correspond with prints. All photograph prints are black and white unless otherwise noted.
    Box 4
    Eugene A. Stead portraits (Stead alone, not with group), undated
    Eugene A. Stead, Evelyn Stead, and Barton F. Haynes, undated
    Eugene A. Stead, Evelyn Stead, and Barton F. Haynes, undated
    Eugene A. Stead with academic groups, undated
    Eugene A. Stead, William Stead, and Barton F. Haynes, undated
    Negatives, 35mm strips, undated
    Negatives, other sizes, undated
    Colleagues and pioneers in medicine, undated

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    Series: Patient Correspondence and General Files, 1954-1989expand/collapseExpand/collapse

    Scope and Contents note
    This series contains patient correspondence pertaining to patients, expert witness files, and personnel. Patient and expert witness file correspondence provide insight into Stead's investigative and diagnostic practices of as a physician. Contains mainlycorrespondencewith other physicians, and some patientcorrespondence. Correspondence mainly concerns evaluation, diagnosis, and responses to treatment of cardiac ailments. Ordered alphabetically and by date. Materials in this series must be screened for sensitive or confidential information before they can be accessed.
    Box 4
    Correspondence: Expert witness files, 1977
    Correspondence: Expert witness files, 1980
    Correspondence: Expert witness files, 1982-late 1980s
    Correspondence: Patient Correspondence, other, 1981, 1987
    Correspondence: Personnel matters, 1954-1955
    Correspondence: Search Committee for Chancellor for Health Affairs, 1988

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    Series: Oversized Items, undatedexpand/collapseExpand/collapse

    Box 5
    Peter Bent Brigham Hospital Photos, 1940-1942
    Eugene A. Stead and Ralph Snyderman, undated
    American Academy of Physician Assistants Award for Outstainding Service, 1984
    House Staff Shows, 1950-1951
    Scrapbook, China, pages 21-32, 1973
    Scrapbook, China, pages 1-20, 1973
    Certificates, 1960-1969
    Certificates, 1975-1985
    Medical registrations and licenses, undated
    Certificates, undated
    Certificates, 1920-1949

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    Separated Materials expand/collapseExpand/collapse

    Interview tapes and transcripts have been transferred to the Oral History Collection. Oversized materials have been moved to the end of the collection (Box 5) as indicated by separation sheets.

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