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Guide to the Eugene A. Stead Papers, 1920-2000 (MC.0024)

Abstract

Contains the professional papers of Eugene Anson Stead (1908-2005), former professor and chair of the Department of Medicine at Duke University School of Medicine. Types of materials include correspondence, subject files, grant materials, writings, speeches, manuscript materials, certificates, awards, photographs, clippings, and audiotapes. Also includes manuscript materials created by John Laszlo based on interviews with Stead and photographs created and used by Barton F. Haynes as editor of Stead's memoirs. Major subjects include the Duke University School of Medicine, the Department of Medicine, the study and teaching of medicine, medical ethics, medical education, and education of physician assistants. Materials range in date from 1920 to 2000.

Descriptive Summary

Call Number
MC.0024
Title
Eugene A. Stead Papers
Date
1920-2000
Creator
Stead, Eugene A.
Extent
7.3 Linear Feet (4 cartons, 1 flat box, 1 map folder)
Repository
Duke University Medical Center Archives

Collection Overview

Contains the professional papers of Eugene Anson Stead, former professor and chair of the Department of Medicine at Duke University School of Medicine. Types of materials include correspondence, subject files, grant materials, writings, speeches, manuscript materials, certificates, awards, photographs, clippings, and audiotapes. Also includes manuscript materials created by John Laszlo based on interviews with Stead and photographs created and used by Barton F. Haynes as editor of Stead's memoirs. Major subjects include the Duke University School of Medicine, the Department of Medicine, the study and teaching of medicine, medical ethics, medical education, and education of physician assistants. Materials range in date from 1920 to 2000.

Arrangement Note

Organized into the following series: Correspondence, 1946-1991; Subject Files, 1946-1991; Associations, 1950-1985; Conferences and Speeches, 1968-1988; Writings, 1930-1999; Interviews, 1987-1993; Personal Materials, 1930-1998; Certificates and Awards, 1920-2000; China Trip, 1973; Photographs, 1937-1971; A2005.008: A Way of Thinking: A Primer on the Art of Being a Doctor Photographs, (bulk 1995), 1929-1995; Patient Correspondence and General Files, 1954-1989; Oversized Items, undated.

Restrictions on Access & Use

Some collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval.

Access Restrictions

This collection may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, including the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals or IRB approval may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which Duke University assumes no responsibility.

The Patient Correspondence Series and General Files Series must be screened for sensitive or confidential materials before being accessed. For further information consult with the Medical Center Archivist.

Use Restrictions

Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Contents of the Collection

1. Correspondence, 1946-1991

Series Scope and Contents: Contains correspondence reflecting Stead's work as a physician at Duke University, grant recipient, inventor, writer and editor of many scholarly publications, and international expert on internal medicine. Also includes a small amount of family correspondence. Materials range in date from 1946 to 1991.

General correspondence, undated

General correspondence, 1950-1959
Box 1
General correspondence, 1960-1964
Box 1
General correspondence, 1965-1969
Box 1
General correspondence, 1970-1974
Box 1
General correspondence, 1975-1979
Box 1
General correspondence, 1980-1984
Box 1
General correspondence, August 1985-December 1985
Box 1
General correspondence, January 1985-July 1985
Box 1
General correspondence, 1986
Box 1
General correspondence, July 1987-December 1987
Box 1
General correspondence, January 1987-June 1987
Box 1
General correspondence, August 1988-December 1988
Box 1
General correspondence, January 1988-July 1988
Box 1
General correspondence, 1989
Box 1
General correspondence, 1990
Box 1
General correspondence, 1991
Box 1
General correspondence, undated
Box 1
Aging and Death, 1978-1988
Box 1
American Heart Association, 1951-1981
Box 1
American Medical Association, 1970-1971
Box 1
Biostatistics/Epidemiology, 1974, 1980
Box 1
Coming to Duke, 1946-1948
Box 1
Committees, 1980
Box 1
Death with Dignity, 1971, 1976
Box 1
Department of Computer Science, 1970-1972
Box 1
Duke University School of Medicine, 1952-1983
Box 1
Evolution of Physician Assistant Concept at Duke University, 1964-1977
Box 1
Gryphon Editions, 1977-1985
Box 1
Health Manpower Issues, 1967
Box 1
Health Systems Computing, 1968-1981
Box 1
Health Systems Computing - Bioengineering and Computer Science Lab, gifts, 1973-1977
Box 1
Health Systems Computing - Computer Textbook of Medicine, Prudential Foundation grant, 1975-1979
Box 1
House Staff Training, 1956-1981
Box 1
Insurance, 1981
Box 1
Insurance, 1982-1983
Box 1
Insurance, 1984-1985
Box 1
Krill, Karl E., 1970
Box 1
Letters of thanks, praise, and congratulations, 1958-1979
Box 1
Letters of thanks, praise, and congratulations, 1980-1985
Box 1
Medical Education, 1958-1977
Box 1
Methodist Retirement Home, 1976-1979
Box 1
North Carolina Medical Journal, 1982-1983
Box 1
North Carolina Medical Journal, 1986-1990
Box 1
Physician Assistant Program, 1964-1972
Box 1
Physician Assistant Program, 1973-1985
Box 1
Revson Foundation, 1980
Box 2
Rippel gift (computerized textbook of medicine), 1970-1977
Box 2
Special Projects [Physician's assistant program/public assistance], 1960-1969
Box 2
Rogers, David E., 1972
Box 2
Technology Education Network, 1985-1988
Box 2
Veterans Administration, 1963-1985
Box 2
Wise, Harold, 1979, 1982
Box 2

2. Subject Files, 1946-1991

Series Scope and Contents: Contains research notes, memoranda, and reports and writings pertaining to the professional interests of Stead. Major subjects in this series are computer technology in medical research and diagnosis, physician's insurance, aging and end of life ethics and directives, North Carolina Medical Society, physician assistants, and the Myocardial Infarction Unit at Duke University. Also included in this series is a grant proposal for a mobile restraint device, intended to help patients become mobile more quickly following surgery. Contains some correspondence, although the bulk of the correspondence is located in the Correspondence Series. Materials range in date from 1946 to 1991.

Aging and Death, 1978
Box 2
Cardiovascular and Respiratory Physiology Grant, 1946-1968
Box 2
Death with Dignity, 1957-1971
Box 2
Ethics Questions, 1987
Box 2
Examination, 1960
Box 2

Health Systems Computing, undated

Lister Hill Center Report, 1970
Box 2
Clinical Trial Database, 1972
Box 2
Computer Textbook of Medicine, Prudential Foundation Grant, 1975-1981
Box 2
Computerized Data for Doctor Treating Chronic Illnesses, 1976
Box 2
Final Report, 1977
Box 2
A Medical Database Approach to Evaluate Technology, 1979-1982
Box 2
Hickam, John, 1970
Box 2
House Staff Training, circa 1960-1968
Box 2
Insurance, circa 1981-1984
Box 2
Medical Alumni Weekend, 1978
Box 2
Medical Alumni Weekend, 1985
Box 2
Mobile Restraint/Ambulatory Support Technology for Independent Living, 1978-1983
Box 2
Mobile Restraint System Grant Materials, 1982-1984
Box 2
Myocardial Infarction Research Unit Report, 1966-1967
Box 2
Myocardial Infarction Research Unit Report, 1971
Box 2
Myocardial Infarction Research Unit Report, 1975
Box 2
North Carolina Medical Society, 1982-1985
Box 2
North Carolina Medical Society, 1989
Box 2
North Carolina Medical Society, 1990-1991
Box 2
Physician Assistants Program, circa 1970-1986
Box 2
Public and Private Enterprises, 1980-1981
Box 2
Stead Electronic Journal, undated
Box 2
Technology Education Network, 1985-1987
Box 2
Veterans Administration, 1978-1983
Box 2

3. Associations, 1950-1985

Series Scope and Contents: Contains correspondence, meeting minutes, by-laws, newsletters, and membership lists for professional associations in which Stead participated. Materials range in date from 1950 to 1985.

American Federation of Aging Research, 1981-1985
Box 2
American Society for Clinical Investigation, 1951-1959, 1981, 1984
Box 2
Association of American Physicians, 1950-1955, 1970-1974
Box 2
Davison Club, 1979-1981
Box 2
Institute of Medicine, 1970-1980
Box 2
National Academy of Medicine proposal, 1969-1970
Box 2
National Library of Medicine Board of Regents, 1978-1985
Box 2
Southern Society for Clinical Investigation, 1961-1980
Box 2

4. Conferences and Speeches, 1968-1988

Series Scope and Contents: Contains materials from presentations by Stead and conferences that Stead attended. Types of materials include programs, correspondence, speeches, and attendee lists. Materials range in date from 1968 to 1988.

Programs and Agendas, General, 1968-1987
Box 2
General, 1982-1984
Box 2
General, 1986-1988
Box 2
Eugene A. Stead, Jr., Symposium, 1968
Box 2
Dying/Death with Dignity panel, 1971-1973
Box 2
Macy Conference on Premedical Preparation and Medical School Admissions, 1980
Box 2
Medical Practice Information Demonstration Project, 1980
Box 2
American Medical Association Annual Conference on CME, 1981
Box 2
Paley Lecture, 1981-1982
Box 2
Alpha Omega Alpha, 1982
Box 2
Ohio State University Presentation, 1984
Box 2
Rovenstine Lecture, 1984
Box 2
Samuel L. Crow Lecture, 1984
Box 2
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 1984-1985
Box 2
Wood Institute, 1986
Box 2
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 1986
Box 2
Atlanta Medical Historical Society, 1987
Box 2
Emory University and North Carolina Chapter of American College of Physicians, 1986-1988
Box 2

5. Writings, 1930-1999

Series Scope and Contents: Contains correspondence, reprinted articles, manuscript materials, and published material authored by Stead. Materials range in date from 1930 to 1999.

Editorial board of Current Diagnosis 7, 1982-1984
Box 2

Article Reprints, undated

Article Reprints, 1941-1947
Box 2
Article Reprints, 1950-1959
Box 2
Article Reprints, 1961-1969
Box 2
Article Reprints, 1970-1978
Box 2
Article Reprints, 1980-1989
Box 2

Typed Manuscripts, undated

General, 1958-1968
Box 3
General, 1969
Box 3
General, 1970-1971
Box 3
General, 1972-1979
Box 3
General, 1980-1983
Box 3
General, 1984-1987
Box 3
Age Adjusted Mortality, 1983
Box 3
[Biotechnics], 1985
Box 3
Cognitive Brain Death: the Major Ethical Issues of Our Time, circa 1989-1990
Box 3
Doctors Skilled in the Social, Informational and Management Sciences: an Essential Component of Health Care Systems, [medical school changes], 1970
Box 3
Job Description and Licensing, 1969
Box 3
Evolution of the Medical University, undated
Box 3
Life in the Emergency Room, 1986
Box 3
[Lifelong education and training], 1981-1984
Box 3
A Medical Center Degree--An Honest Approach to a Problem Usually Handled by Subterfuge, 1972
Box 3
[Patient accounting/data keeping], undated
Box 3
The Physician's Assistant, 1964
Box 3
Principles of Geriatric Medicine, [chapter], 1982
Box 3
Improvements of Legal Standards: Regulating Health Service Personnel, undated
Box 3
Unpublished, 1960-1969
Box 3
Unpublished, 1980-1989
Box 3
[Unpublished?], undated
Box 3

Published, undated

Published, 1930-1939
Box 3
Published, 1940-1949
Box 3
Published, 1950-1959
Box 3
Published, 1960-1969
Box 3
Published, 1970-1979
Box 3
Published, 1980-1989
Box 3
Published, 1990-1994
Box 3
Published, 1995-1999
Box 3
Published, undated
Box 3
Editor's Page, Medical Times, 1966-1970
Box 3
Newsletter to former staff, Department of Medicine, 1959-1967
Box 3

6. Interviews, 1987-1993

Series Scope and Contents: Contains correspondence, notes, transcripts of interviews, and a reprint. Interview transcripts contain viewpoints and records of activities not found elsewhere in this collection. The Laszlo interview, done over the period of one year, was published as "The Doctor's Doctor: A Biography of Eugene A. Stead Jr., MD" (2006). All materials, except for the Laszlo manuscript, from this series have been transferred to the Oral History Collection. Materials range in date from 1987 to 1993.

Paul C. Hendrix, reprint of interview, 1987

Interview Transcripts, 1987
Box 3

John C. Laszlo, undated

Interview Transcripts, April 1987
Box
Interview Transcripts, February 1987
Box
Interview Transcripts, August 1987
Box
Interview Transcripts, January 1988
Box

Interview and Manuscript materials, The Doctor's Doctor, 1988

Pages 1-150, 1988
Box 3
Pages 151-300, 1988
Box 3
Pages 301-460, 1988
Box 3
Pages 461-596, 1988
Box 3
Pages 597-641, 1988
Box 3

Barton F. Haynes, undated

Tape 1, May 1991
Box
Tape 2, May 1991
Box
Tape 3, May 1991
Box
Interview Transcripts, May 1991
Box
Tape 1, June 1991
Box
Tape 2, June 1991
Box
Tape 3, June 1991
Box
Interview Transcripts, June 1991
Box
Tape 1, March 1992
Box
Interview Transcripts, March 1992
Box
Tape 1, April 23, 1993
Box
Tape 2, April 23, 1993
Box

Russell C. Maulitz, transcript, undated

Interview Transcripts, undated
Box 3 - item moved to OH collection

7. Personal Materials, 1930-1998

Series Scope and Contents: Contains correspondence, clippings, Stead's thesis from Emory University, a poster, and licenses. Materials range in date from 1930 to 1998.

Correspondence, 1949-1979
Box 3
Family, undated
Box 3
Health Innovations, Inc., 1982
Box 3
Kerr-Buggs Island Lake Protective Association, 1976-1977
Box 3
Medical registrations and licenses, 1944, 1947, 1992-1995
Box 3
Newsclippings, circa 1951-circa 1982
Box 3
Thesis, Emory University, The Normal Electrocardiogram, 1930
Box 3
90th birthday poster from Catholic Medical Center of Brooklyn and Queens, New York, 1998
Box FF1-3

8. Certificates and Awards, 1920-2000

Series Scope and Contents: Contains certificates, plaques, and coins in recognition of Stead's dedication to many professional projects and organizations. Materials range in date from 1920 to 2000.

Certificates, 1920s-1940s
Box 4
Certificates, 1950s-1960s
Box 4
Certificates, 1970s-1980s
Box 4
Certificates, 1990s-2000s
Box 4
American Academy of Physician Assistants, 1984
Box 4
American College of Cardiology, 1967
Box 4
American Heart Association James B. Herrick Award, 1970
Box 4
City of Medicine Award, 1988
Box 4
Dinner in honor of Eugene Anson Stead, Jr., 1968
Box 4
Duke Medical Alumni Awards Banquet, 1974
Box 4
Golden Apple Awards, 1963
Box 4
Kober Medal, 1980
Box 4
North Carolina Medical Society, 1991
Box 4
St. Francis Hospital, 1968
Box 4
Book of letters and memorabilia, from colleagues of Stead, 1976
Box 4
Routine Practices: Medical Services of the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, June 23, 1965
Box 4

9. China Trip, 1973

Series Scope and Contents: Contains a scrapbook, travel diary, and report documenting Stead's 1973 trip to China. Materials date to 1973.

Preliminary Report, undated
Box 4
Scrapbook, undated
Box 4
Scrapbook, loose materials, undated
Box 4
Travel Diary, undated
Box 4

10. Photographs, 1937-1971

Series Scope and Contents: Contains photographs of Stead and his colleagues. Individuals include M. A. Blankenhorn, Mort Bogdonoff, Joseph C. Greenfield, John Hickam, Judy Swain, James V. Warren, Soma Weiss, Barton Haynes, and James Wyngaarden. Materials range in date from 1937 to 1971.

Portraits of Stead, undated
Box 4
Stead and groups, undated
Box 4
Peter Bent Brigham Hospital/Cincinnati General Hospital, 1937-1942
Box 4
Grady Hospital Staff, 1943-1946
Box 4
Duke University Hospital Staff, 1964
Box 4
House Staff Shows, circa 1950-1951
Box 4
Other groups, undated
Box 4
Honoraria and memorabilia, 1957-1971, undated
Box 4
Yale University, honorary D.Sc., 1971
Box 4
Individuals, undated
Box 4
Portraits and Plaques (negatives), undated
Box 4

11. A2005-008: A Way of Thinking: A Primer on the Art of Being a Doctor photographs, (bulk 1995), 1929-1995

Series Scope and Contents: Contains photographs taken of Stead, wife Evelyn Stead, the Stead's home, Stead's colleagues, and of his son William Stead. Also includes some photographs of Barton F. Haynes (former chair of the Department of Medicine), William Stead, and Stead together. Also includes photographs of Stead with staff and/or patients at Duke University, Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, and Emory University. Selected photographs were used by Haynes as editor of Stead's memoirs (1995). Photograph negatives were labeled by the donor to correspond with prints. All photographic prints are black and white unless otherwise noted. Materials range in date from 1929 to 1995.

Eugene A. Stead portraits (Stead alone, not with group), undated
Box 4
Eugene A. Stead, Evelyn Stead, and Barton F. Haynes, undated
Box 4
Eugene A. Stead, Evelyn Stead, and Barton F. Haynes, undated
Box 4
Eugene A. Stead with academic groups, undated
Box 4
Eugene A. Stead, William Stead, and Barton F. Haynes, undated
Box 4
Negatives, 35mm strips, undated
Box 4
Negatives, other sizes, undated
Box 4
Colleagues and pioneers in medicine, undated
Box 4

12. Patient Correspondence and General Files, 1954-1989

Series Scope and Contents: This series contains patient correspondence pertaining to patients, expert witness files, and personnel. Patient and expert witness files provide insight into Stead's investigative and diagnostic practices as a physician. Contains correspondence with other physicians and some patient correspondence. Correspondence primarily concerns evaluation, diagnosis, and responses to treatment of cardiac ailments. Materials are organized alphabetically and chronologically.

Access Restrictions: Series must be screened for sensitive or confidential materials before being accessed. For further information consult with the Medical Center Archivist.

Correspondence: Expert witness files, 1977
Box 4
Correspondence: Expert witness files, 1980
Box 4
Correspondence: Expert witness files, 1982-late 1980s
Box 4
Correspondence: Patient Correspondence, other, 1981, 1987
Box 4
Correspondence: Personnel matters, 1954-1955
Box 4
Correspondence: Search Committee for Chancellor for Health Affairs, 1988
Box 4

13. Oversized Items, 1920-1985

Series Scope and Contents: This series houses oversized items within the collection. It contains photographs, scrapbook pages, certificates, and licenses. Materials range in date from 1920 to 1985.

Peter Bent Brigham Hospital Photos, 1940-1942
Box 5
Eugene A. Stead and Ralph Snyderman, undated
Box 5
American Academy of Physician Assistants Award for Outstainding Service, 1984
Box 5
House Staff Shows, 1950-1951
Box 5
Scrapbook, China, pages 21-32, 1973
Box 5
Scrapbook, China, pages 1-20, 1973
Box 5
Certificates, 1960-1969
Box 5
Certificates, 1975-1985
Box 5
Medical registrations and licenses, undated
Box 5
Certificates, undated
Box 5
Certificates, 1920-1949
Box 5

Biographical Note

Eugene Anson Stead Jr. was born in Georgia in 1908 to Emily Bertha White and Eugene Anson Stead. He received his undergraduate and medical degrees from Emory University (BS, 1928; MD, 1932) and interned at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston (1934-1937). He was a resident at the Cincinnati General Hospital (1935-1936) and held a faculty position at Harvard University (1938-1941) and Boston City Hospital prior to becoming the youngest person to chair the Department of Medicine at Emory University (1942). He was named dean of the School of Medicine at Emory University in 1946, but he left one year later to become professor of medicine and chair of the Department of Medicine (1947-1967) at Duke University.

Stead was widely known for having established the physician assistant training program at Duke University in 1965. In the 1950s, Duke Hospital faced an increased demand for services and a shortage of all types of nursing and allied health personnel. Stead, then chair of the Department of Medicine, envisioned a physician's assistant as a way to provide clinical support to physicians and to allow them to leave their practices to pursue continuing education opportunities. His experience running Emory's Grady Hospital during World War II had convinced him that residents and medical students could be trained to help doctors in patient care. Stead recruited the first students to begin the program at Duke University. The two-year program supplied physicians with knowledgeable personnel who could help meet the growing demand for their services.

As a local and national leader, Stead held many distinguished posts, including president of the American Society for Clinical Investigation and the Association of American Physicians, founding member of the National Academy of Sciences Institute of Medicine, chairman of the American Heart Association's Ethics Committee, and honorary fellow of the American College of Cardiology. Stead served as editor of "Medical Times", "Circulation", and the "North Carolina Medical Journal".

Among numerous honors, Stead received the John M. Russell Award of the Markle Foundation, the American College of Physicians Distinguished Teacher Award, the Association of American Medical Colleges' Abraham Flexner Award for Distinguished Service to Medical Education, the Gold Heart Award from the American Heart Association, the Kober Medal from the Association of American Physicians, and the Rodman E. and Thomas G. Sheen Award. Stead also received the Medical Alumni Association's Distinguished Teacher Award, which is now known as the Distinguished Faculty Award. Emory and Yale University conferred honorary degrees upon him. In 2003, Stead received the William G. Anlyan, MD Lifetime Achievement Award from Duke Medical Alumni Association. Stead continued to teach and practice at Duke University Medical Center and Durham's Veterans Affairs Medical Center through the mid-1980s.

Stead married Evelyn Emogene Selby and they had three children. Stead died in 2005.

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Eugene A. Stead Papers, Duke University Medical Center Archives.

Acquisitions Information

Accession A1987.001 (acquired from Paul C. Hendrix, January 1987), Accession A1987.002 (acquired from John Laszlo, February 1987), Accession A1987.003 (acquired from John Laszlo, April 1987), Accession A1987.004 (acquired from John Laszlo, August 1987), Accession A1988.003 (acquired from Eugene A. Stead, January 1988), Accession A1991.008 (acquired from Barton F. Haynes, May 1991), Accession A1991.009 (acquired from Barton F. Haynes, June 1991), Accession A1992.009 (acquired from Barton F. Haynes, March 1992), Accession A1993.006 (acquired from Barton F. Haynes, April 1993), Accession A2002.003 (acquired from Walter E. Campbell, December 2002), Accession A2005.008 (gift by Eugene A. Stead, February 2005), Accession A2008.039 (transferred by Reginald D. Carter, June 2008), Accession A2010.055 (transferred by the Duke University Medical Center Library, September 2010)

Processing Information

Processed by Emily Glenn: July 2003; updated by Dawne Howard Lucas: August 2009, December 2009, March 2010

Separated Material

Interview tapes and transcripts were transferred to the Oral History Collection.

Related Material

  • Department of Community and Family Medicine Records
  • E. Harvey Estes Papers
  • Physician Assistant Program Records
  • Eugene A. Stead Oral History Interviews
  • Morton D. Bogdonoff and Eugene A. Stead Group Oral History Interview