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Guide to the Charles W. Shilling Papers, 1932-1994 (MC.0101)

Abstract

Contains the personal and professional papers of Charles W. Shilling (1901-1994), a physician, a leader in the field of undersea and hyperbaric medicine, research, education, and former Captain of the Medical Corps with the United States Navy. This collection contains correspondence, notes, photographs, a scrapbook, a transcript, speeches, awards, addresses, clippings, pamphlets, plaques, certificates, and a mug. Major subjects include the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, diving, hyperbaric oxygenation, United States Atomic Energy Commission, and U.S. Navy Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. Materials range in date from 1932 to 1994.

Descriptive Summary

Call Number
MC.0101
Title
Charles W. Shilling Papers
Date
1932-1994
Creator
Shilling, Charles Wesley
Extent
5 Linear Feet (2 cartons, 3 manuscript boxes, 1 flat box)
Repository
Duke University Medical Center Archives

Collection Overview

Contains the personal and professional papers of Charles W. Shilling, a physician, a leader in the field of undersea and hyperbaric medicine, research, education, and former Captain of the Medical Corps with the United States Navy. Includes work reports, time logs, handwritten notes, diary entries, and brief writings pertaining to the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine Society (UHMS formerly known as the Undersea Medical Society), letters to and from Shilling regarding professional society membership and activities, correspondence, diagrams, research in the field of hyperbaric medicine, work in progress, appointments, congratulations, job offers, evaluations of current technologies, writings by Shilling and in cooperation with others, articles and reports concerning Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society projects, other publications by Shilling, reviews, opinions, collaborative efforts with various governmental and private organizations, awards, photographs, speeches, an interview transcript, addresses, appointment notifications, clippings, a scrapbook album, pamphlets, plaques, certificates, photographs, and a mug. Major subjects reflected in this series include the role of research, medical librarianship, naval hospitals, hyperbaric medicine, psychology and psychiatry, biological warfare, and naval vessels. Materials range in date from 1932 to 1994.

Arrangement Note

Organized into the following series: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine Files, 1973-1988; Correspondence, 1943-1987; Writings, 1936-1987; Biographic Materials, Awards, and Photographs, 1932-1994; Unprocessed Papers, 1944-1985.

There is unprocessed material within this collection. Researchers should note that unprocessed material might overlap with/or relate to material found in other processed series. In order to locate all relevant material within this collection, researchers will need to consult each series described in the Series Scope and Contents section.

Restrictions on Access & Use

Some collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval.

Access Restrictions

None.

Use Restrictions

Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Contents of the Collection

1. Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine Files, 1973-1988

Series Scope and Contents: Contains work reports, time logs, an employee handbook, handwritten notes, diary entries, and brief writings pertaining to the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine Society (UHMS), formerly known as the Undersea Medical Society. Materials range in date from 1973 to 1988.

Work report, 1973
Box 1
Undersea Medical Society education activities, 1976
Box 1
Report to the Undersea Medical Society Executive Committee, 1978
Box 1
Ballot for officers and members-at-large of the executive committee, 1979
Box 1
Two days in the life of the executive secretary, 1981
Box 1
Employee handbook, 1984
Box 1
Is the UMS in financial peril? Memo, 1988
Box 1
Shilling retirement memo, 1985
Box 1
Executive committee, executive summary, 1985
Box 1
Pressure overview, 1985
Box 1
Weekly review of work in progress, 1986
Box 1
Presidents (not to presidents of the society), undated
Box 1

2. Correspondence, 1943-1987

Series Scope and Contents: Contains letters to and from Shilling regarding professional society membership and activities, research in the field of hyperbaric medicine, work in progress, appointments, congratulations, job offers, and evaluations of current technologies. Organizations represented include the Submarine Force, United States Atlantic Fleet; Office of the Surgeon General, U.S. Army; U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, Department of the Navy, Office of Naval Research. Also included is correspondence with individuals representing private and university-based medical practices and research. The professional correspondence is alphabetized. Materials range in date from 1943 to 1987.

Job opportunity offers (post-retirement), 1944
Box 1
Letters received following separation from Office of Naval Research (A-M), 1953
Box 1
Letters received following separation from Office of Naval Research (N-Z), 1953
Box 1
Letters on the occasion of Shilling's retirement, 1955
Box 1
Professional correspondence (A-F), 1943-1979
Box 1
Professional correspondence (G), 1953-1955
Box 1
Professional correspondence (H), 1950-1955
Box 1
Professional correspondence (J-K), 1955
Box 1
Professional correspondence (L), 1953-1955
Box 1
Professional correspondence (M), 1953-1955
Box 1
Professional correspondence (N), 1954-1955
Box 1
Professional correspondence (P-Q), 1953-1955
Box 1
Professional correspondence (S), 1954-1987
Box 1
Professional correspondence (T-W), 1953-1957
Box 1
Professional correspondence (unsigned), 1954-1967
Box 1
Trips to Europe (duty time), 1964
Box 1

3. Writings, 1936-1987

Series Scope and Contents: Contains writings by Shilling and in cooperation with others. Articles and reports concern Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society projects, opinions and collaborative efforts with various governmental and private organizations. Major subjects reflected in this series include the role of research, medical librarianship, naval hospitals, hyperbaric medicine, psychology and psychiatry, biological warfare, and naval vessels. Materials range in date from 1936 to 1987.

Submarine Medical Research Laboratory History, 1941-1947
Box 1
Panel on Government-Sponsored Research, 1950
Box 1
Support of Research for Years 1950 and 1960 Acknowledged in 100 Biological Journals, undated
Box 1
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Proposal for Book: Atomic Energy for the Life Sciences, 1954
Box 1
Contribution of Physiology to Underwater Activity, 1954
Box 1
Submarine Escape Training: The Show that Shook Me, 1954-1955
Box 1
Military Application of Research in Psychological Science, 1954-1955
Box 1
The Human Machine, 1954-1955
Box 1
The Doctor Gets His Sea Legs, 1955
Box 1
The Medical Library as a Communications Center, 1956
Box 1
Contributions to the USAEC to Cultivation of our Intellectual Resources, 1957-1958
Box 1
Dysbaric Osteonecrosis: An Annotated Bibliography, 1972
Box 1
Smithsonian Science Information Exchange, 1980
Box 1
Probing the Human Mind, 1954-1955
Box 1
Research Administration. A Task Under the Proposed Registry of Hyperbaric Medicine, 1985
Box 1
Registry of Hyperbaric Medicine, 1987
Box 1
Squalus Rescue Operation, 1939-1986
Box 1
USS Squalus, Rescue Operation as Related by Charles W. Shilling, 1939-1986
Box 1
[Alfred Korzybski], undated
Box 1
Additions to Biological and Chemical Warfare, undated
Box 1
Coaling Ship, undated
Box 1
Scientific Communication, Science Libraries, and Scientists, undated
Box 1
Group Decision, undated
Box 1
History of Military Support of Academic Research, undated
Box 1
Office of Naval Research. University Medical Sciences Program, undated
Box 1
Practical Research Administration, undated
Box 1
Psychiatric Casualties in Submarines, undated
Box 1
Radioepidemiology: A Search for Human Study Material, undated
Box 1
Research in Naval Hospitals, undated
Box 1
The Usefulness of Useless Research, 1970
Box 1
We Roll to Hawaii, undated
Box 1
Reprints, 1936-1957
Box 1
Request for Support of a Contract on Codification of the Field of Hyperbaric Medicine, 1987
Box 1

4. Biographical Materials, Awards, and Photographs, 1932-1994

Series Scope and Contents: Contains speeches, awards, an interview transcript, addresses, appointment notifications, clippings, a scrapbook album, pamphlets, plaques, certificates, photographs, and a mug. Materials range in date from 1932 to 1994.

Interview with Gordon Daugherty, undated
Box 1
Recognition and commendations, 1952-1989
Box 1
Introduction of Dr. Shilling by Charlotte Banas, 1964
Box 1
Addresses, US Atomic Energy, 1960
Box 1
Speeches and Presentations, 1940-1960, undated
Box 1
Appointments, duties, and orders, 1932-1963
Box 1
Clippings, 1943-1989
Box 1
Sketch of Dr. Shilling, circa 1940
Box 1
Navy and submarine pamphlets, 1943-1945
Box 1

Certificates, Awards and Plaques, 1936-1982

Subseries Scope and Contents: Contains personal and professional certificates, awards, and plaques from naval, scientific, and medical organizations. Additional oversized materials can be found in Box 3. Materials range in date from 1936 to 1982.

Eagle's Club, 1980
Box 1
On Entering the Domain of Neptunus Rex, 1936
Box 1
National Republican Victory, 1971
Box 1
U.S. Naval Academy, 1955
Box 1
Navy Department, Bureau of Navigation, 1936
Box 1
Aerospace Medical Association, undated
Box 2
National Naval Medical Center, undated
Box 2
United States Naval Institute, 1954
Box 2
United States Navy Certificate of Honor, Submarine Atlantic Fleet, 1945
Box 2
Sigma Xi, 1949
Box 2
Navy Day, Deputies of Neptune Certificate, 1945
Box 2
Inward to the Sea, 1982
Box 2
Institute of Diving, 1978
Box 2

Ole Chuck's Memories, 1994

Subseries Scope and Contents: Contains a scrapbook album compiled by Charlotte Banas, Dr. Shilling's daughter. The album contains a family history, photographs as Shilling as a child, personal narratives, photographs, and illustrations of personal and professional activities in his life. David Shilling and Darnell Simonel provided illustrations and photographs. Some pages in the album were created from digital scans of images. The scrapbook dates to 1994.

Pages 1-23, undated
Box 2
Pages 24-49, undated
Box 2
Pages 50-65, undated
Box 2

Photographs, 1966-1974

Subseries Scope and Contents: Contains photographs of Dr. Shilling with President Truman, the Undersea Medical Society and Physicians Hyperbaric Training Program, and Dr. Shilling speaking from a podium. Materials range in date from 1966 to 1974.

Shilling with President Harry Truman, undated
Box 2
NOAA - Undersea Medical Society and Physicians Hyperbaric Training Program, 1966-1974
Box 2
At podium: Shilling with Morgan Wells and unidentified man, 1966-1974
Box 2
Membership cards: Sigma Xi and Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 1969 1981
Box 2

Oversized Certificates, Awards, Plaques, & Photographs, 1938-1989

Subseries Scope and Contents: Contains awards, certificates, and plagues Dr. Shilling received throughout his career including an Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society plaque. Materials range in date from 1938 to 1989.

Florida Underwater Council Service Award plaque and biographical sketch, 1980
Box 3
Honorary Admiral of Texas Navy certificate, 1968
Box 3
Outstanding Achievement Award, University of Michigan, 1959
Box 3
Neptune Rex certificate, 1941
Box 3
Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, founder's medal certificate, 1952
Box 3
Florida Underwater Council Service Award plaque and biographical sketch, undated
Box 3
Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society plaque, 1952
Box 3
Role of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in the Rehabilitation of Stroke Patients, 1989
Box 3
Medical Research (Photograph), 1944
Box 3
University of Michigan Medical School (Squibb Painting), undated
Box 3
Photo Record: Hurricane And Flood, New England's Greatest Disaster, 1938
Box 3
Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Gulf Coast plaque, undated
Box 4
Inward to the Sea plaque, 1975
Box 4
Office of Naval Research mug, 1976
Box 4

5. Photographs, 1939

Series Scope and Contents: Contains photographs from the rescue and recovery of the Squalus submarine, and Undersea Medical Society (UMS) slides. Materials date to 1939.

Rescue and Recovery of the Squalus, 1939
Box 6
UMS Slides, undated
Box 6

6. Unprocessed Papers, 1944-1985

Series Scope and Contents: Contains speeches and publications by Dr. Shilling, correspondence, reports, photographs, articles, notes, diagrams, and reviews. Materials range in date from 1944 to 1985.

The Human Machine - Reviews, undated
Box 5
Dr. Shillings Publications, undated
Box 5
The Meaning of Sacrifice, undated
Box 5
What Can One Person Do, undated
Box 5
The Mistress of the Margin, undated
Box 5
Seaside School Commencement Talk and Young Adults in a Period of Crisis, undated
Box 5
Speeches, undated
Box 5
I. C. A., undated
Box 5
K, undated
Box 5
M, undated
Box 5
Miscellaneous, undated
Box 5
J, undated
Box 5
ONR, undated
Box 5
Federal Career Oportunities, undated
Box 5
R, undated
Box 5
I, undated
Box 5
Group Decisions, undated
Box 5
World View for Scientits in this Cosmic Age, undated
Box 5
Medical Planning to Effectively Meet a Disaster Situation, undated
Box 5
The Physician as a Communication Expert, undated
Box 5
H, undated
Box 5
G, undated
Box 5
E, undated
Box 5
The Effect of Radiation on the World's Most Precious Material, undated
Box 5
Objects in CWS's Room, undated
Box 5
R, undated
Box 5
D, undated
Box 5
Q, undated
Box 5
C, undated
Box 5
American Cancer Society, undated
Box 5
University Science Forum, undated
Box 5
Radioepidemiology: A Search for Human Study Materials, undated
Box 5
Society for Experimental Biology & Medicine, undated
Box 5
The Society of Medical Consultants to the Armed Forces, undated
Box 5
Publications, undated
Box 5
Recognitions, undated
Box 5
American Academy of Arts and Sciences, undated
Box 5
Association of Military Surgeons, undated
Box 5
Research - Reference Materials, undated
Box 5
Personal Files, undated
Box 5
Speeches - Science and Religion, undated
Box 5
80th Birthday, undated
Box 5
Speeches, Record, undated
Box 5
Research Administration, undated
Box 5
Texas Diver, undated
Box 5
NIU, K. C., undated
Box 5
Steinhart, Corklin R., undated
Box 5
Correspondence, undated
Box 5
Articles, undated
Box 5
UHMS, folder 1, undated
Box 5
UHMS, folder 2, undated
Box 5

Biographical Note

Charles Wesley Shilling was born September 21, 1901 in Upland, Indiana on the campus of Taylor University where his father was President. He received a B.S. degree from Taylor University in 1923 and a B.A. degree from the University of Michigan in 1923. In 1927 he received his M.D. from the University of Michigan. He interned at Chelsea Naval Hospital and took graduate courses at the Harvard School of Public Health.

Shilling was a leader in the field of undersea diving and hyperbaric research and education. He studied, researched, and published on a variety of topics including submarine and deep sea diving, life in confined spaces, radiation biology, and atmospheric medicine. Shilling was widely recognized as an expert on naval medicine, submarine capabilities, and deep sea diving.

Shilling was a captain of the Medical Corps with the United States Navy, a senior medical officer, and the head of the Department of Hygiene at the Office of Naval Research. In 1939, he was the Senior Medical Officer in the rescue of personnel from the submarine U.S.S. Squalus that sank off the coast of New Hampshire. He served as deputy director, Division of Biology and Medicine, U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (1955-1960); and director of the Biology Science Community Project at George Washington University (1960-1973).

During his career, he was a member of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, the American Physiological Society, the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, the Aerospace Medical Association, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Sigma Xi, and served as Executive Secretary of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society in 1973.

Among many awards and honors, Shilling received, the Founders Medal from the Association of Military Surgeons for work in diving medicine (1953); the Distinguished Alumni Award from the University of Michigan (1959); the Golden Cross of the Order of the Phoenix from the Greek Government for creating a method of radiation sterilization of a fly, a technique which helped save the Greek olive crop (1960); Alumnus of the Year from Taylor University (1960); the NOGI Award from the Academy of Underwater Arts and Sciences (1979); the Chamber of Achievement Award from Taylor University (1980); the Florida Underwater Council Service Award (1980); the Smithsonian Science Information Exchange Award (1980); the Schiffahrtmedizinsches Institut Der Marine Award (1980); and the Excellence in Diving Medal Award (1982), formerly known as the Craig Hoffman Memorial / Charles W. Shilling Award. In 1954, Dr. Shilling received an honorary Doctorate of Science from Taylor University.

Shilling and his wife, Mariam T. Shilling had two children: Charles and Charlotte. He died on December 23, 1994 in Fredericksburg, Virginia. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery with his wife Miriam who died in 1993.

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Charles W. Shilling Papers, Duke University Medical Center Archives.

Acquisitions Information

Accession A2005.063 (gift, December 2005), Accession A2006.035 (gift, February 2006), Accession A2007.013 (transferred, January 2007), Accession A2010.049 (transferred, August 2010), Accession A2012.016 (gift, February 2012)

Processing Information

Processed by Emily Glenn: June 2006; encoded by Emily Glenn: June 2006

Related Material

Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Reports and Reprints