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Guide to the Edward S. Orgain Papers, 1938-1995 (MC.0030)

Abstract

Contains the professional papers of Edward S. Orgain (1906-1995), professor of medicine and founding director of the Cardiovascular Diseases Service at Duke University. Types of materials include correspondence, contracts, minutes, notes, agendas, newsletters, short writings, reprints, brochures, and photographs. Major subjects include Edward S. Orgain, the Duke University Private Diagnostic Clinic, and heart diseases. Materials range in date from 1938 to 1995.

Descriptive Summary

Call Number
MC.0030
Title
Edward S. Orgain Papers
Date
1930-1995
Creator
Orgain, Edward S.
Extent
1.5 linear feet (1 carton)
Repository
Duke University Medical Center Archives

Collection Overview

Contains the professional papers of Edward S. Orgain, professor of medicine and founding director of the Cardiovascular Diseases Service at Duke University. Types of materials include correspondence, contracts, minutes, notes, agendas, newsletters, short writings, reprints, brochures, and photographs. Major subjects include Edward S. Orgain, the Duke University Private Diagnostic Clinic, and heart diseases. Materials range in date from 1938 to 1995.

Arrangement Note

Organized into the following series: Cardiovascular Diseases Service and Division of, 1946-1989; Private Diagnostic Clinic (PDC) and Internal Medicine, 1949-1971; Conference and Speeches, 1938-1995; Correspondence, 1956-1995; Research and Writings, circa 1947-1981; Other Materials, 1930-1985.

Restrictions on Access & Use

Some collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval.

Access Restrictions

This collection may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, including the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals or IRB approval may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which Duke University assumes no responsibility.

Use Restrictions

Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Contents of the Collection

1. Cardiovascular Diseases Service and Division of Cardiology, 1946-1989

Series Scope and Contents: During the 1970s and 1980s, Orgain's research interests included the diagnosis and treatment of endocarditis, the diagnosis and pharmacological treatment of arrhythmias and congestive heart failure, and the investigation and pharmacological therapy of hypertensive vascular disease and of coronary artery disease. Contains newsletters, lists, memoranda, and financial materials pertaining to the Cardiovascular Diseases Service and the Cardiovascular Diseases Research Fund at Duke University. Materials range in date from 1946 to 1989.

Cardiology Fellow Society newsletter, 1984-1989
Box 1
Cardiovascular Diseases Fellowship lists, 1946-1974
Box 1
Division of Cardiology publications (bibliography), 1970
Box 1
Memoranda regarding ECG Fund, 1968
Box 1
Cardiovascular Disease Research Fund, 1971-1978
Box 1
Cardiovascular Disease Research Fund, financial materials, 1963-1978
Box 1

2. Private Diagnostic Clinic (PDC) and Internal Medicine, 1949-1971

Series Scope and Contents: Contains materials pertaining to the history and development of the Private Diagnostic Clinic at Duke University, particularly the role of the internal medicine physicians. Types of materials include contracts, correspondence, financial materials, minutes, and memoranda. Materials range in date from 1949 to 1971.

History, review, and other materials, 1949-1969
Box 1
Review committee correspondence, 1968
Box 1
PDC/Division of Internal Medicine Agreement, 1970
Box 1
PDC remuneration, 1949-1969
Box 1
PDC memoranda, 1970
Box 1
Practice of Internal Medicine, Revision Committee, 1970-1971
Box 1

3. Conferences and Speeches, 1938-1995

Series Scope and Contents: Contains speaking notes, agendas, correspondence, and programs pertaining to the Orgain Symposium and various other professional conferences in which Orgain participated. Materials range in date from 1938 to 1995.

Orgain Symposium, undated

Introductions, 1983-1990
Box 1
Introductions, 1991-1994
Box 1
Programs, 1982-1993
Box 1
General symposium materials and correspondence, folder 1, 1985-1995
Box 1
General symposium materials and correspondence, folder 2, 1985-1995
Box 1
General symposium materials and correspondence, folder 3, 1985-1995
Box 1
General symposium materials and correspondence, folder 4, 1985-1995
Box 1
Kiwanis Club address, 1938
Box 1
Lay Lecture, 1955
Box 1
Diagnostic Investigation of Hypertensive Patients, 1960
Box 1

4. Correspondence, 1956-1995

Series Scope and Contents: Contains general correspondence. Correspondence with Ralph Snyderman focuses on the treatment of elderly and retired professors of Duke University within the Duke University Hospitals. Materials range in date from 1956 to 1995.

General, 1975-1980
Box 1
Julian M. Ruffin, 1967-1970
Box 1
Ralph Snyderman, 1991-1995
Box 1
Galen Wagner, 1974-1989
Box 1
Paul Dudley White, 1956-1973
Box 1

5. Research and Writings, circa 1947-1981

Series Scope and Contents: Contains reference files, articles, and manuscript materials. Materials range in date from circa 1947 to 1981.

Congestive heart failure, 1954
Box 1
Circulation, 1950
Box 1
Hypertensive Heart Disease, 1950
Box 1
Unilateral Renal Disease, 1960
Box 1
Diotherapy of Heart Disease, 1947
Box 1
[Intercoronary anastomoses], 1949
Box 1
[Pathogenesis and treatment of congestive heart failure], 1949-1950
Box 1
Anesthesia in patients with heart disease, 1958
Box 1
Diagnostic hints in cardiovascular disease, folder 1, 1964
Box 1
Diagnostic hints in cardiovascular disease, folder 2, 1964
Box 1
Hyperaldosteronism diagnosis/angiotension and aldosterone, undated
Box 1
Pathogenesis and etiology of hypertension, 1957
Box 1
Prognosis of Hypertension, undated
Box 1
The Use of Anticoagulants in Practice, undated
Box 1
Progress on Heart Disease, undated
Box 1
What is a Heart Attack, undated
Box 1
High Blood Pressure, undated
Box 1
[Selection of patients for cardiac surgery], 1969
Box 1
Manuscript, Propranolol and Angina Pectoris, 1981
Box 1

6. Other Materials, 1930-1985

Series Scope and Contents: Contains programs, clippings, photographs, and programs. Materials range in date from 1930 to 1985.

Distinguished Chair and portrait events, 1979-1980
Box 1
Paul Dudley White Society, 1970
Box 1
Duke Medical Alumnus Awards, 1970
Box 1
Training Program in Cardiology, Duke University Medical Center, 1973-1984
Box 1
Clippings, 1967-1976
Box 1
Photographs, 1930-1985
Box 1
Biographical sketch, undated
Box 1
Memorabilia, 1976-1979
Box 1
The Duke Hospital Formulary, 1938
Box 1

Biographical Note

Edward Stewart Orgain was born in Richmond, Virginia, in 1906 to Sally B. Yancey and John B. Orgain. He earned his MD at the University of Virginia in 1930, completed his residency in medicine at the University Hospitals of Cleveland, where he was appointed chief resident in medicine. He received his cardiovascular training from Paul Dudley White at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. During his training with Dr. White, Orgain's primary interest was to learn the use of the stethoscope. Based on observations made during this fellowship, Orgain wrote one of the first papers on atrial fibrillation and flutter that demonstrated a good prognosis on patients with no other signs of cardiac disease.

Orgain joined Duke University in 1934 as an instructor in medicine and physiology, under the direction of Frederic M. Hanes, chair of the newly founded Duke University Department of Medicine. Orgain served as a clinician with a strong background in cardiovascular diseases. In addition to his clinical duties, Orgain taught of physiology. Together with Mary Poston of the Department of Microbiology, Orgain published extensively on the diagnosis and treatment of endocarditis in the pre-penicillin era.

In 1945 Orgain became the founding director of the Cardiovascular Diseases Service. From this outpatient clinic, the Cardiovascular Diseases Fellowship started in 1946 with two fellows. During his career, Orgain trained sixty-five fellows, five of whom later became professors of medicine. Orgain established a diagnostic unit, located in the Baker House, now part of Duke South Hospital, which included laboratory and clinical services. This unit was the forerunner of the Duke Cardiovascular Diagnostic Unit. The laboratory grew to include facilities for phonocardiography, esophageal and intracardiac electrocardiography, intracardiac devices to detect left-to-right shunts, cardioversion, and fluoroscopy.

The Division of Cardiology was established in 1967 under the Department of Medicine. Orgain served on various committees charged with analyzing aspects of the Private Diagnostic Clinic (PDC) and making recommendations for its future. During the 1970s, Orgain led negotiations for remunerations reform for physicians working at the PDC. The reform effort aimed to create a different retirement income plan and to help physicians save on Federate and State taxes.

Orgain held positions in a variety of professional organizations, including North Carolina Heart Association, American Heart Association, and the American College of Cardiology. He was the editor of Modern Concepts of Cardiovascular Diseases and served for six years on the Board of Examiners for certification of specialists in cardiovascular disease. Upon his formal retirement in 1975, the Board of Trustees named him professor emeritus of medicine and consultant to Duke University Medical Center. In that capacity, he continued teaching and seeing patients. In addition to the honor of the Edwin S. Orgain Distinguished Chair of Cardiovascular Disease, Orgain received the Distinguished Service Award of the American Heart Association (1972), the Distinguished Teacher Award from Duke (1975), and the Gifted Teacher Award from the American College of Cardiology (1976). The Orgain Symposia, honoring milestones in cardiovascular research and providing a forum for cardiovascular students and professionals, began in 1983. Researchers and leaders from all over the nation came to Duke University to discuss issues in cardiology.

In 1940, Orgain married Anna F. Lewis (1913-1974). Orgain died in 1995.

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Edward S. Orgain Papers, Duke University Medical Center Archives.

Acquisitions Information

Source unknown: (acquired, circa 1995)

Processing Information

Processed by Archives staff and Emily Glenn: July 2003; encoded by Emily Glenn: March 2004

Related Material

Frederic M. Hanes Papers -