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Guide to the Richard S. Lyman Papers, 1927-1957 (MC.0073)

Abstract

Contains the professional papers of Richard Sherman Lyman (1891-1959), professor of neuropsychiatry at Duke University from 1941 to 1951. Types of materials include correspondence, subject files, memoranda, reports, budgets, course and teaching materials, and schedules. Major subjects include Duke Hospital, Duke University Medical Center, mental health agencies in North Carolina, mental health treatment, psychiatry, neurology, neuropsychology, nurse training programs, and treatment of soldiers and veterans of World War II. Materials range in date from 1927 to 1957.

Descriptive Summary

Call Number
MC.0073
Title
Richard S. Lyman Papers
Date
1927-1957
Creator
Lyman, Richard Sherman, 1891-1959
Extent
6.5 Linear Feet (4 cartons and 1 manuscript box)

Repository
Duke University Medical Center Archives

Collection Overview

Contains correspondence related to Richard S. Lyman's professional career at Duke University Medical Center, as well as at other institutions and organizations, particularly his time as the chair of Duke's Department of Psychiatry. Also contains applications, reports, memoranda, projections, schedules, policies, budget records, program information, and general files related to the Department of Psychiatry, Duke Clinics and Mental Health Agencies, and other major subjects including techniques for treating various mental illnesses, African-American patients and employees, conscientious objectors, Department of Neuropsychiatry, the Department of Psychology, the Duke Parapsychology Lab, Highland Hospital, government-sponsored studies on motion sickness, psychiatric attendants, teaching, U.S. Public Health Grants, U.S. Veterans Administration, and areas of the Duke University Medical Center such as the Meyer Ward and the Children's Spastic Dormitory. Materials range in date from 1927 to 1957.

Arrangement Note

Organized into the following series: Correspondence, 1940-1957; Department of Psychiatry, Duke University, 1940-1946; Subject Files, 1927-1951; Duke Clinics and Mental Health Agencies, 1942-1951; Restricted, 1940-1951.

Restrictions on Access & Use

Some collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval.

Access Restrictions

This collection may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, including the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals or IRB approval may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which Duke University assumes no responsibility.

Materials in box 5 are restricted and can only be accessed with the permission of the Medical Center Archivist.

Use Restrictions

Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Contents of the Collection

1. Correspondence, 1940-1957

Series Scope and Contents: Contains correspondence with Lyman's colleagues and former students at Duke University, Johns Hopkins University, and other institutions. Also contains Lyman's correspondence related to various hospitals, schools, medical societies, associations, and conferences, laboratories, and his work with conscientious objectors during World War II. Specific Duke Departments and associated entities discussed in this correspondence include the Department of Psychology, the Duke Parapsychology Lab, and Highland Hospital. Materials date from 1940 to 1957.

A, 1940-1951
Box 1
Adams, Donald K., 1946-1947
Box 1
Adler, Alexandra, 1945
Box 1
Army, 1941-1942
Box 1
Alexander, Leo, 1940-1946
Box 1
Altvater, F. V., 1943
Box 1
American Medical Association, 1946-1947
Box 1
American Society of Electroencephalography, 1947
Box 1
American-Soviet Medical Society (Gerald I. Shapiro), 1945
Box 1
Atoynatan, A., 1949-1951
Box 1
B, 1943-1951
Box 1
Balancoff, E. J., 1949-1950
Box 1
Baldwin, Marie, 1946
Box 1
Beckleheimer, Frances, 1946-1947
Box 1
Bennett, B. T., 1945-1947
Box 1
Berry, Reginald B., 1946-1947
Box 1
Billing, Otto, 1943-1951
Box 1
Briggs, John P., 1949-1949
Box 1
Brockman, David Dean, 1947-1949
Box 1
Burgess, Woodrow W., 1945-1949
Box 1
C, 1943-1950
Box 1
Carroll, R. Charman, 1943-1949
Box 1
Carroll, Robert S. (Highland Hospital), 1940-1945
Box 1
Carter, Donald Dean, 1947
Box 1
Charlotte Mental Hygeine Clinic, 1946-1947
Box 1
Cherhavy, Irene, 1950
Box 1
Christenson, Jim, 1945-1946
Box 1
Clotworthy, William Baird, 1947-1949
Box 1
Coe, Joyce, 1943
Box 1
Cohen, Louis D., 1946-1950
Box 1
Conscientious Objectors (Reverend Charles F. Boss Jr.), 1943-1945
Box 1
Continental Consultants in Neuropsychiatry, 1945
Box 1
Crispell, Raymond S., 1945-1947
Box 1
Crum, Mason (School of Religion), 1945
Box 1
D, 1943-1950
Box 1
Dai, Bingham, 1943-1947
Box 1
Davison, Dean W. C., 1943-1951
Box 1
De Jong, Herman, 1943-1947
Box 1
E-F, 1940-1951
Box 1
Elliott, Charles, 1945-1950
Box 1
Farmer, Joseph A., 1945-1948
Box 1
Fearing, John M., 1943-1946
Box 1
Forbus, Wiley D., 1946-1951
Box 1
Ford, Joseph, 1941-1943
Box 1
G, 1940-1942
Box 1
Greenhill, Maurice H., 1943-1951
Box 1
Groves, Ernest (Conference on Conservation of Marriage and the Family), 1940-1942
Box 1
H, 1940-1942
Box 1
Hardin, Zelpha, 1940-1942
Box 1
Herman, Rose, 1949-1950
Box 1
Hesser, Frederick H., 1943-1944
Box 1
Hohman, Leslie B., 1943-1950
Box 1
Hodges, Emory F., 1949-1950
Box 1
House Staff Correspondence, 1943-1951
Box 1
Hughes, George, 1950-1951
Box 1
I, 1943-1946
Box 1
J-K, 1940-1951
Box 1
Jackson, James O., 1950-1951
Box 1
Kao, Chun-chun, 1940-1942
Box 1
Kaplan, Seymour R., 1949-1951
Box 1
Kilgore, Samuel R., 1943
Box 1
Kinross-Wright, Vernon, 1950
Box 1
Kirby Clinic (New Building), 1946-1948
Box 1
Kline, Carl, 1949
Box 1
Klopfer, Bruno (Rorschach Institute), 1940-1942
Box 1
Kornegay, Gray B., 1949-1950
Box 1
L, 1940-1951
Box 1
Lowenbach, Hans, 1942-1951
Box 1
M (folder 1 of 2), 1940-1951
Box 1
M (folder 2 of 2), 1940-1951
Box 2
Magruder, William W., 1943-1949
Box 2
Maines, John Guy, Jr., 1946
Box 2
Matte, Ignacio, 1940-1949
Box 2
Maxwell, Jay Cohen, 1947
Box 2
Mc, 1943-1950
Box 2
Mickey, H. C. (Superintendent), 1943-1948
Box 2
Morris, Arthur, 1943
Box 2
N (folder 1 of 2), 1940-1950
Box 2
N (folder 2 of 2), 1940-1950
Box 2
North Carolina Conference for Social Services (Roy M. Brown), 1942
Box 2
Nursing Office, 1942-1950
Box 2
N. C. Medical Board of Examiners (Dr. Ivan Proctor, Secretary), 1946-1950
Box 2
O (folder 1 of 2), 1940-1950
Box 2
O (folder 2 of 2), 1940-1950
Box 2
P (folder 1 of 2), 1940-1950
Box 2
P (folder 2 of 2), 1940-1950
Box 2
P. D. C. Funds (folder 1 of 2), 1943-1951
Box 2
P. D. C. Funds (folder 2 of 2), 1943-1951
Box 2
Pine, Irving, 1948-1950
Box 2
R (folder 1 of 2), 1940-1950
Box 2
R (folder 2 of 2), 1940-1950
Box 2
Research Fund, 1943-1957
Box 2
Rhine, J. B. (Duke Parapsychology Lab), 1940-1942
Box 2
Ritchie, Jack, 1949
Box 2
Ross, Ira, 1943
Box 2
Ross, Otho B., 1945-1949
Box 2
S (folder 1 of 3), 1940-1951
Box 2
S (folder 2 of 3), 1940-1951
Box 2
S (folder 3 of 3), 1940-1951
Box 2
Sargant, William, 1947-1950
Box 2
Scanlon, Wilson G., 1949-1950
Box 2
Scholz, W., 1948-1951
Box 2
Sikes, Zachariah S. Jr., 1949-1950
Box 2
Smith, Susan, 1944-1947
Box 2
Stewart, J. H., 1945-1947
Box 2
Suitt, R. Burke (Highland Hospital), 1940-1942
Box 2
Suitt, R. Burke (folder 1 of 4), 1941-1951
Box 2
Suitt, R. Burke (folder 2 of 4), 1941-1951
Box 2
Suitt, R. Burke (folder 3 of 4), 1941-1951
Box 2
Suitt, R. Burke (folder 4 of 4), 1941-1951
Box 2
Sutherland, George F., 1946-1951
Box 2
T, 1940-1951
Box 2
Teichner, Victor J., 1949
Box 2
Thompson, James O., 1947-1949
Box 2
Tyler, Edward A., 1946-1950
Box 2
V, 1940-1948
Box 2
W (folder 1 of 2), 1940-1949
Box 2
W (folder 2 of 2), 1940-1949
Box 2
Walker, Charlotte F., 1943-1947
Box 2
Watkins, Charles, 1949-1950
Box 2
Wetmore, Robert J., 1944-1949
Box 2
Whitaker, Richard B., 1951
Box 2
Whitman, Roy M., 1947
Box 2
Wilhoit, W. M. C., 1944-1949
Box 2
The Woods Schools (Irene S. Seipt), 1945-1946
Box 2
Y, 1945-1959
Box 2
Z, 1943-1949
Box 2
Zener, Karl (Department of Psychology), 1940-1942
Box 2

2. Department of Psychiatry, Duke University, 1940-1946

Correspondence, 1940-1942

Subseries Scope and Contents: Contains correspondence with Lyman's colleagues related specifically to the Duke Department of Psychiatry. Materials date from 1940 to 1942.

Altvater, Frederick, 1941-1942
Box 2
Davison, Wilburt Cornell, 1940-1942
Box 2
Hanes, Frederic Moir, 1942
Box 2
Pinkerton, Margaret, 1941-1942
Box 2
Suitt, R. Burke, 1941-1942
Box 2

Administrative Documents, 1940-1946

Subseries Scope and Contents: Contains assorted Department of Psychiatry administrative documents including applications, reports, memoranda, policies, and budget records. Materials date from 1940 to 1946.

American Sociological Society Address, 26-Dec-46
Box 2
Annual Reports, 1941
Box 3
Applications for Employment, 1940-1942
Box 3
Appointments, 1940-1943
Box 3
Articles and Writings, 1940-1942
Box 3
Budget and Supplies, 1940-1941
Box 3
Clinical Conferences and Workshop Presentations, 1940-1942
Box 3
Courses, 1940-1942
Box 3
Memoranda, 1940-1942
Box 3
Policies, 1940-1942
Box 3
Recruitment and General Administration, 1940-1942
Box 3
Section of Dermatology and Syphilology and Sex Endocrine Clinic, Department of Medicine, 1940-1941
Box 3
Seminars, 1940-1942
Box 3
Shock Therapy, 1940
Box 3
Student Interns, 1940-1942
Box 3
Ward Teaching for Students, 1941
Box 3

3. Subject Files, 1927-1951

Series Scope and Contents: Contains files on major subjects in Lyman's career, including techniques for treating various mental illnesses, African-American patients and employees, conscientious objectors, Department of Neuropsychiatry, Highland Hospital, government-sponsored studies on motion sickness, psychiatric attendants, teaching, U.S. Public Health Grants, U.S. Veterans Administration, and areas of the Duke University Medical Center such as the Meyer Ward and the Children's Spastic Dormitory. Materials date from 1927 to 1951.

African-American Employees, 1940-1942
Box 3
Attendant Training Course, 1946-1948
Box 3
"Attitudes and Emotions in the Patient-Doctor Relationships" by Kenneth Appel, 2/16/1944
Box 3
Buck, Alice E. (London, England), 1949-1951
Box 3
Child Guidance Clinic Instruction Forms, 1947, undated
Box 3
Children's Spastic Dormitory, 1942
Box 3
Christmas Party at Dr. Lyman's, 1945
Box 3
Classification of Essential and Non-Essential Members for National Emergency Summer, 1950
Box 3
Commitment Procedures, 1945
Box 3
Conscientious Objectors (folder 1 of 2), 1943-1947
Box 3
Conscientious Objectors (folder 2 of 2), 1943-1947
Box 3
Conscientious Objectors Publications, 1942-1950
Box 3
Conscientious Objectors Reports, 1943, undated
Box 3
Conscientious Objectors and Selective Service, 1940-1942
Box 3
Dameron, Thomas B., 1947
Box 3
Department of Neuropsychiatry; Budget and Salaries, 1940-1949
Box 3
Department of Neuropsychiatry; Personnel, 1949
Box 3
Department of Neuropsychiatry; Policies, 1943-1951
Box 3
Duke University Research Council, 1946-1947
Box 3
Equipment, 1942-1948
Box 3
EST Therapy: Follow-Up Data, 1941-1945
Box 3
Farm Colony, Kinston, N.C. (Talk by Miss Ernst), 1944
Box 3
Films, 1943-1947
Box 3
Gifts and Grants, 1943-1951
Box 3
Hayman Reports: Hospitals with Facilities for Treating Mental Patients, 1945
Box 3
Highland Hospital, 1940, undated
Box 3
Hospitals: Distribution of Space, 1945
Box 3
Josephson, Morton, 1949-1950
Box 3
Manuscripts, undated
Box 3
Markle Scholarships, 1950, undated
Box 3
Medicolegal Problems: Disclosing Information Contained in Patient Records, 1946, undated
Box 3
Mental Hygeine, 1944-1946
Box 3
Meyer Ward Policy, 1948-1950
Box 3
Meyer Ward Statistical Studies, 1940-1950
Box 3
Motion Sickness (folder 1 of 2), 1942-1946
Box 3
Motion Sickness (folder 2 of 2), 1942-1946
Box 3
Motion Sickness Studies, 1940-1942
Box 3
National Committee for Mental Hygeine, 1943-1947
Box 3
North Carolina State Board of Charities, American Medical Association, Wake County Mental Hygeine Clinic, and and the National Committee for Mental Hygeine Organizations and Meetings, 1940-1942
Box 3
Negroes: Address by Dr. Lyman at North Carolina College, undated
Box 3
Occupational Therapy, 1942-1948
Box 3
Office Plans (Kirby and Meyer), undated
Box 3
Office Staff Meeting, 22-Jun-48
Box 3
Outline of Psychiatric Examination Procedure, undated
Box 3
Parker, Joseph B. Jr., 1949-1950
Box 3
Pathology Teaching Collection: Lantern Slide Index, undated
Box 3
Pharmacy Newsletter, 1946-1947
Box 3
Photographs of Drawings (negatives), undated
Box 3
Physical Therapy Courses, 1947
Box 3
Plastic Sheets (Phil Dewees), undated
Box 3
Post-Graduate Fellowships in Neuropsychiatry for Verterans of World War II, undated
Box 3
Psychiatric Attendants: Job-Training Program, undated
Box 3
Psychiatric Nursing (Ione Slough), 1945-1946
Box 3
Psychosomatic Medicine for Physical Therapists Course Outline, 1945-1946
Box 3
Publications, 1927-1935
Box 3
Publications of the Department of Neuropsychiatry, 1940-1949
Box 3
"Report on Impressions of Neuropsychiatry in China" by R. S. Lyman, 20-Sep-45
Box 3
Report to Rockefeller Foundation, 11-Oct-47
Box 3
Resources (County, State, National), undated
Box 4
"The Role of Eidetic Imagery in a Psychosis" by Richard S. Lyman and C. C. Kao, 1944
Box 4
Rorschach (Dr. Jim Christenson), 1946
Box 4
Rubin, Gabriel Kevi, 1950-1951
Box 4
Salaries Paid by Dr. Lyman, 1944
Box 4
Scientific Societies, 1946-1950
Box 4
Senior Staff Meetings, 1948-1951
Box 4
Staff Notices, 1945-1947
Box 4
Statistics: Kirby Clinic (O. P. C.), 1941-1950
Box 4
Statistics: Meyer Ward, 1941-1949
Box 4
Suicidal Precautions, undated
Box 4
Symposium on Problems of Civil and Military Emergencies, 1940-1941
Box 4
Taxes: Income and Witholding Tax Information, 1948
Box 4
Teaching (folder 1 of 4), 1941-1951
Box 4
Teaching (folder 2 of 4), 1941-1951
Box 4
Teaching (folder 3 of 4), 1941-1951
Box 4
Teaching (folder 4 of 4), 1941-1951
Box 4
Teaching: Lincoln Hospital Nurses, 1947-1949
Box 4
University Budget, 1945-1951
Box 4
U. S. Public Health Grant (folder 1 of 3), 1947-1951
Box 4
U. S. Public Health Grant (folder 2 of 3), 1947-1951
Box 4
U. S. Public Health Grant (folder 3 of 3), 1947-1951
Box 4
Veterans Administration (folder 1 of 5), 1946-1951
Box 4
Veterans Administration (folder 2 of 5), 1946-1951
Box 4
Veterans Administration (folder 3 of 5), 1946-1951
Box 4
Veterans Administration (folder 4 of 5), 1946-1951
Box 4
Veterans Administration (folder 5 of 5), 1946-1951
Box 4
Veterans Administration Building: Mental Hygeine Clinic, 1947
Box 4
Veterans Administration Consultant, 1946-1947
Box 4
Veterans Administration Hospital Residency Training, 1950
Box 4
Veterans Administration Training Program: Quarterly Tuitions Reports to University, 1950-1951
Box 4
Veteran Doctor Trainees, 1946-1950
Box 4
Veterans Training Program Proposal by Louis E. Swanson, 1946
Box 4
War Neuroses, 1942
Box 4

4. Duke Clinics and Medical Agencies, 1942-1951

Series Scope and Contents: Contains reports, correspondence, budgets, projections, schedules, and program information concerning Duke University Medical Center, Duke Hospital mental health clinics, and other regional mental health associations and programs. Materials date from 1942 to 1952.

In Service Training in Mental Health for Public Health Nurses, Comprehensive Medical Division of Duke Hospital, and Agencies, 1951
Box 4
Mental Health Authority Administration, 1949-1952
Box 4
Mental Health Authority Lending Library, 1949-1952
Box 4
Mental Health Authority Payroll and Budget, 1947-1952
Box 4
Mental Health Authority Personnel, 1949-1952
Box 4
North Carolina Mental Hygiene Clinic Activities, 1949-1952
Box 4
Psychosomatic Clinic: Medicine Clinic and Procedures, 1949-1951
Box 4

Biographical Note

Richard S. Lyman was born in Hartford, Connecticut, in 1891. He received his medical degree from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (1921). Lyman worked in Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg, Russia) with Ivan P. Pavlov in the Department of Physiology at the Institute of Experimental Medicine (1930-1931). His educational appointments include associate professor of psychiatry at the National Medical School in Shanghai, China (1931-1937); professor at Peking Union Medical College in Beijing, China (1932-1937); professor of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (1938-1941); professor of neuropsychiatry at Duke University (1941-1951) and Meharry Medical College (Nashville, Tennessee) (1951-1953). He also taught courses at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry and served as a specialist (certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology) and member of the American Neurological Association.

While employed by the National Medical School in Shanghai and the Peiping Union Medical College, Lyman also became the first fully educated doctor of psychiatry to attempt to organize western-style psychiatric training and treatment in China. Specifically, he was charged with establishing psychiatry as a new specialty at Peiping Union Medical College. His clinical work in China was later used in Bingham Dai's 1939 essay "The patient as a person." Lyman himself edited a 1939 collection of research done by his Chinese students and colleagues, "Social and Psychological Studies in Neuropsychiatry in China."

Lyman worked in Washington, D.C., Ceylon, and China as a major in the Office of Strategic Services during World War II. His projects included the training of conscientious objectors as psychiatric orderlies at Duke University Medical Center during World War II. He was particularly interested in doing away with the reputation of orderlies as mere "bouncers." He recruited and trained psychiatric staff from a wide range of available labor pools and cultural backgrounds, with a wide range of therapeutic interests.

During his time at Duke, Lyman was the founding chairman of the Department of Psychiatry in 1940. He and selected other members of Duke University School of Medicine faculty worked as members of the staff at Highland Hospital (Asheville, North Carolina) in the 1940s after Duke University assumed directorship of Highland Hospital in 1944 from its founder, Dr. Robert S. Carroll. Lyman also promoted the treatment of non-white psychiatric patients. He arranged for many such patients to be admitted to the predominantly African-American facility Lincoln Hospital due to Duke Hospital's psychiatric ward, Meyer Ward, having no beds available for African-American patients.

Richard S. Lyman died on June 13, 1959.

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Richard S. Lyman Papers, Duke University Medical Center Archives.

Acquisitions Information

Source unknown

Processing Information

Processed by Emily Glenn: July 2004; encoded by Emily Glenn: August 2004; updated by Matthew Shangler: July 2009; reprocessed by McKenzie Long under the supervision of Lucy Waldrop: December 2018

Related Material

Highland Hospital Records