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Guide to the J. Deryl Hart Papers and Records, 1916-1987 (MC.0018)

Abstract

Contains the personal and professional papers of J. Deryl Hart, chair of the Department of Surgery at Duke University from 1930 to 1960, and president of Duke University from 1960 to 1963. Major subjects include Chowan College, Duke University Medical Center, the Duke Private Diagnostic Clinic, surgical wound infection, medical hospitals, history of teaching medical schools, and history of surgery in North Carolina. Types of materials include personal and professional correspondence, memorabilia, certificates, diplomas, scrapbooks, photographs, speeches, lectures, addresses, clippings, sketches, reprints, ledgers, lantern slides, subject files, and committee materials. Materials range in date from 1916 to 1987.

Descriptive Summary

Call Number
MC.0018
Title
J. Deryl Hart Papers and Records
Date
1916-1987
Creator
Hart, Deryl
Extent
32.00 linear feet
Repository
Duke University Medical Center Archives

Collection Overview

Contains the personal and professional papers of J. Deryl Hart, chair of the Department of Surgery at Duke University from 1930 to 1960, and president of Duke University from 1960 to 1963. Major subjects include Chowan College, Duke University Medical Center, the Duke Private Diagnostic Clinic, surgical wound infection, medical hospitals, history of teaching medical schools, and history of surgery in North Carolina. Types of materials include personal and professional correspondence, memorabilia, certificates, diplomas, scrapbooks, photographs, speeches, lectures, addresses, clippings, sketches, reprints, ledgers, lantern slides, subject files, and committee materials. Materials range in date from 1916 to 1987.

Arrangement Note

Correspondence, 1916-1975; Department of Surgery and the Private Diagnostic Clinic, 1930-1970; Building Program and Development Funding, 1931-1963, 1974; Subject Files, 1956-1975; Addresses, Speeches and Lectures, 1952-1977; Professional Organizations, 1953-1975; Clinical Research, 1930-1975; Chowan College Board of Advisors, 1964-1975; Redevelopment Commission of Durham, 1960-1973; Hart Residences, 1933-1983; Personal Materials, 1917-1987; Teaching Slides, 1940-1960; Oversize Materials, undated; Blueprints and Plans, undated.

Restrictions on Access & Use

Some collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval.

Access Restrictions

This collection may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, including the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals or IRB approval may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which Duke University assumes no responsibility.

Use Restrictions

Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Contents of the Collection

1. Correspondence, 1916-1975

Scope and Contents note: Contains Hart's personal correspondence with family (mostly with sister Mary Hart) or friends and general Duke-related correspondence with colleagues. Also contains correspondence pertains to homes and property in and

Personal, 1916-1924
Box 1
Personal, 1925-9128
Box 1
Personal, 1929
Box 1
Personal, 1925,1929
Box 1
Personal, 1930-1931
Box 1
Personal, 1945, 1950-1951
Box 1
Personal, 1952-1957
Box 1
Personal, 1959-1961
Box 1
Personal, 1962
Box 1
Personal, 1963
Box 1
Personal, 1964
Box 1
Personal, 1965-1966
Box 1
Personal, 1967
Box 1
Personal, 1968-1969
Box 1
Roaring Gap Cottage, 1949-1957
Box 1
Roaring Gap Cottage, 1958-1960
Box 2
Roaring Gap Cottage, 1961-1965
Box 2
Roaring Gap Cottage, 1966-1969
Box 2
Louise Hart, 1951-1965
Box 2
Louise Hart, 1966-1972
Box 2
General Duke-related, 1964-1966
Box 2
General Duke-related, 1967-1968
Box 2
General Duke-related, 1969-1971
Box 2
General Duke-related, 1972-1975
Box 2

2. Department of Surgery and the Private Diagnostic Clinic, 1930-1970

Scope and Contents note: Contains materials pertaining to the management and administration of the Department of Surgery and Private Diagnostic Clinic, which had many staff members in common.

Correspondence, 1942-1970

Perkins, Tom, 1968
Box 2
Postlethwaite, R.W., 1967-1970
Box 2
Sealy, Will, 1942, 1944
Box 2
Sherwood, Mildred, 1954
Box 2

Private Diagnostic Clinic Administration, 1930-1968

Summary of Developments in the Department of Surgery, 1930-1959
Box 2
General history (includes Sabiston correspondence, Tumor Clinic and Division of Physiotherapy), 1940-1965
Box 2
Departmental plans and Report of Duke University School of Medicine and Duke Hospital 1933 and Statement of Their Needs for 1934 to 1938, 1934
Box 2
Private Diagnostic Clinic Statement of Facts, undated
Box 2
Bylaws, rules, and regulations, 1963-1964
Box 2
House staff lists, 1956-1966
Box 2
House staff and rotations, 1947-1968
Box 2
Requirements for Students Assigned to the Surgical Wards of Duke Hospital, undated
Box 2
Georgiade and Pickrell research, 1963
Box 2

Graduate training grant site visits, 1966

Tulane University, undated
Box 3
University of Mississippi, undated
Box 3
University of North Carolina, undated
Box 3

Divisions of the Department of Surgery, 1952-1962

Clinical Research Laboratories, undated
Box 3
Experimental Surgery, undated
Box 3
Neurological Services, undated
Box 3
Neurosurgery, undated
Box 3
Otolaryngology, undated
Box 3
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, undated
Box 3
Plastic Surgery, Division of, undated
Box 3
Staff performance, 1952-1960
Box 3
Thoracic Surgery Laboratory, undated
Box 3
Urology Laboratory, undated
Box 3

3. Building Program and Development Funding, 1931-1963, 1974

Scope and Contents note: Hospital addition includes plans, correspondence, statistics pertaining to bed use. Other folders contain information pertaining to the Private Diagnostic Clinic's financial contribution to building funds for the medical center, outpatient needs, staffing needs, and funding sources. The includes a narrative by Deryl Hart. The funds ledgers has been moved to Oversize Materials.

Medical Center funding, 1961
Box 3
Long Range Planning Committee, 1961
Box 3
Woodhall, Swanson and Busse correspondence, 1961-1962
Box 3
Marshall I. Pickens and Duke Endowment correspondence, 1962
Box 3
Hospital addition, 1962-1963
Box 3
Hospital beds and cross wing, 1962-1974
Box 3
Hospital administration financing needs conference with A. Hollis Edens, 1954-1957
Box 3
Surgery and PDC expense funds ledger, [moved to Oversize boxes], 1931-1934
Box 3

4. Subject File, 1956-1975

Scope and Contents note: Contains subjects and correspondence pertaining to academic administration of the Department of Surgery and various committees within the Duke University Medical Center.

Anesthesia, Division of, 1964-1966
Box 3
Surgery, Dept. of, space assignment, undated
Box 3
Dorothy Beard Research Fund, 1973-1974
Box 3
Committee on Biomedical Sciences, 1965
Box 3
Surgery, Dept. of, budget, 1956-1960
Box 3
Building Committee, general materials, folder 1, 1960-1964
Box 3
Building Committee, general materials, folder 2, 1960-1964
Box 3
Building Committee, general materials, folder 3, 1960-1964
Box 3
Building Committee, general materials, folder 4, 1960-1964
Box 3
Building Committee, Baker House Addition, 1965
Box 3
Building Committee, Medical Science 1, 1964-1965
Box 3
Building Committee, P.D.C. addition, 1964
Box 3
Clinical Facilities Extension, 1963-1964
Box 3
Clinical Research Program, 1962-1966
Box 3
Crenshaw, R.N., undated
Box 3
Davison Scholar Program, 1961
Box 3
Death and Complications Conference, 1972
Box 3
Duke University Development Program, 1972-1973
Box 3
Surgery, Dept. of, Executive Committee, 1965-1969
Box 3
Gerontology and Diagnostic and Treatment Center, 1960
Box 3
Gifford, James F., 1974
Box 3
Halsted Ward, 1956
Box 3
History of Duke University Medical Center (by Davison), 1965-1966
Box 4
Hospital collection reports, 1960-1965
Box 4
Hospital Infections Committee Report, 1970
Box 4
Hospital bed occupancy reports, 1961-1975
Box 4
Johns Hopkins University, 1968-1972
Box 4
Knight Douglas M., 1963-1969
Box 4
Long Range Planning, 1961
Box 4
Loyalty Fund, undated
Box 4
Markee, J. E., undated
Box 4
Lecture Notes, undated
Box 4
Nursing Education Program, Louisburg College, 1967
Box 4
Nursing Education Program, Wingate College, 1966
Box 4
Operating Rooms E, F, G, and H (recreating old suite), 1963
Box 4
Ophthalmology Dept., undated
Box 4
Parking Facilities, 1966
Box 4
Rankin, Watson S., Need for Rural Hospitals, undated
Box 4
Recommendations, 1963-1972
Box 4
Renovation, Physiology Dept., 1962
Box 4
Retirement Living Proposal, 1968
Box 4
Room Sanitizing Unit, 1961-1963
Box 4
Sabiston, David C., 1965-1975
Box 4
Student Health, 1962-1963
Box 4
Surgery core course for second year, third term, 1971
Box 4
Surgical P.D.C. and insurance, 1963-1971
Box 4
Surgical Shop, 1963-1966
Box 4
Surgery, undated
Box 4
Traffic Committee, 1964
Box 4
Urology, Division of, 1964
Box 4
U.S. Army Research Office, 1963
Box 4
U.S.S. Shangri-La Cruise, 1961
Box 4
Veterans Affairs Hospital, Research and Education Committee, undated
Box 4
J. Hughes and M. Pickens, 1963
Box 4
Visiting Committee, 1964
Box 4
Visitors to Duke, 1963
Box 4
Watts Hospital, 1972
Box 4
Wingate College, undated
Box 4
Woodhall, Barnes, 1961-1965
Box 4

5. Addresses, Speeches and Lectures, 1952-1977

American Cancer Society, television program, 1955
Box 4
Antibiotics in G.I. Surgery Lecture, undated
Box 4
Carcinoma of the Breast lecture, undated
Box 4
Carcinoma of the Colon lecture, undated
Box 4
Davison Symposium, 1961
Box 5
Durham-Orange County Medical Society, 1960
Box 5
Emory University Medical Alumni Association, 1962
Box 5
Clarence E. Gardner dinner, undated
Box 5
Clarence E. Gardner Surgical Outpatient Clinic Dedication, 1968
Box 5
Floyd McRae Society Meeting, Development of the Department of Surgery at Duke, undated
Box 5
Gastric Resection Exclusion of Complicated Duodenal Ulcer Discussion, undated
Box 5
Georgia Surgical Society, 1964
Box 5
Conference on Gerontology, 1959
Box 5
Halsted Society Meeting, 1973
Box 5
Hyperbaric Conference Speech, 1965
Box 5
Kiwanis Club, 1970
Box 5
Walker McKinley Nielsen portrait reception, undated
Box 5
North Carolina Surgical Association, 1963
Box 5
Nurses' lectures, Introduction to Surgery and Some Thoughts of a Surgeon, undated
Box 5
Tribute to Mataline and Guy Odom, undated
Box 5
Pre-Med Society, 1952
Box 5
Research Triangle Area TB and Respiratory Disease Assn., November 9, 1971
Box 5
D. T. Smith dinner, 1977
Box 5
Southern Section of the Surgical Association (on postoperative wound infections), 1967
Box 5
Presidential Address to the Southern Surgical Association, The Responsibility of the Medical Profession to Medical Education,, 1956
Box 5
State Science Fair, Duke University, 1964
Box 5
Thirty Year Club, 1964
Box 5
University of Kansas, Postgraduate Course in Surgery, 1958
Box 5
Watts Hospital 60th Anniversary Dinner, 1955
Box 5
The Relationship of the Growth of Trinity College and Duke to the Duke Family and Their Industrial Enterprises (Founder's Day?), 1961
Box 5
Notes, undated
Box 5

6. Professional Organizations, 1953-1975

American College of Surgeons, general materials, folder 1, 1954-1964
Box 5
American College of Surgeons, general materials, folder 2, 1954-1964
Box 5
American College of Surgeons, Board of Governors, undated
Box 5
American College of Surgeons, Committee on Anesthesia, 1954-1957
Box 5
American College of Surgeons, North Carolina chapter, 1955-1973
Box 5
American Medical Association, 1959-1973
Box 5
American Sterilizer Company, 1954-1959
Box 5
American Surgical Association, 1959-1975
Box 5
Durham Bank and Trust Company, 1954-1960
Box 6
Durham-Orange County Heart Association, 1964
Box 6
Durham-Orange County Medical Society, 1956-1975
Box 6
Gulf Coast Clinical Society, 1958
Box 6
Deryl Hart Society, 1960-1974
Box 6
National Industrial Conference Board, 1966
Box 6
National Institute of Health, 1965-1967
Box 6
North Carolina Medical Society, 1954-1974
Box 6
North Carolina Medical Society, Scientific Exhibit, 1960
Box 6
Southern Society of Clinical Surgeons, folder 1, 1961-1975
Box 6
Southern Society of Clinical Surgeons, folder 2, 1961-1975
Box 6
Southern Surgical Association, general, 1953-1972
Box 6
Southern Surgical Association, meetings, 1962-1975
Box 6

7. Clinical Research, 1930-1975

Ultraviolet Radiation, 1930-1975

Scope and Contents note: Container articles, catalogs, illustrations, news clippings, and reprints pertaining to Dr. Hart's research on cleanliness, physician and nursing dress, sterilization, lighting equipment, and bacteria development in the operating room environment. Photographs include scientific exhibits, operating rooms, surgical and nursing clothing, and apparatus. and have been moved to Oversize Materials.

Clippings, 1936-1968
Box 6
Reprints on ultraviolet light in operating rooms, folder 1, 1938-1968
Box 6
Reprints on ultraviolet light in operating rooms, folder 2, 1938-1968
Box 6
Reprints on ultraviolet light in operating rooms, folder 3, 1938-1968
Box 6
Reprints on ultraviolet light in operating rooms, folder 4, 1938-1968
Box 6
Reprints on ultraviolet light in operating rooms, folder 5, 1938-1968
Box 6

Subject File, 1957-1975

Surgical basin and support, correspondence and patent, 1957-1962
Box 6
Correspondence regarding hospital sterilization, folder 1, 1957-1975
Box 6
Correspondence regarding hospital sterilization, folder 2, 1957-1975
Box 6
Correspondence regarding hospital sterilization, folder 3, 1957-1975
Box 6
Ivan Brown correspondence, 1964
Box 6
Editorial, Operating Room Infections with Airborne Bacterias: the Surgeon's Blind Spot,, 1959
Box 6
Ultraviolet light equipment specs, undated
Box 6
Presentation to the National Institute of Health on ultraviolet light use, 1958
Box 6
Operating Room Supply Table specs and patents, 1958
Box 6
Operating Room Technique (methods for improvement), undated
Box 6
Operating room specs and plans, undated
Box 6
Sun block for screening ultraviolet rays Plough, Inc., 1961
Box 6
Protocol Meeting of Committee on Ultraviolet Light Study, 1958
Box 6
General research correspondence, 1957-1960
Box 7
Research Grant Request, Ultraviolet Radiation in Control of Wound Infections, 1958-1959
Box 7
Hospital research correspondence, 1959
Box 7
Correspondence, requests for information and advice, folder 1, 1958-1964
Box 7
Correspondence, requests for information and advice, folder 2, 1958-1964
Box 7
Correspondence, requests for information and advice, folder 3, 1958-1964
Box 7
Correspondence, Sterilization products, Westinghouse, 1958-1967
Box 7
Research notes on masks, forms of protection, light, infection, bacteria, and supplies, undated
Box 7
Photographs [moved to Oversize Materials], 1930-1960
Box 7
Slides of recommended garments and protection levels provided [moved to Oversize Materials], 1950
Box 7

Sex Determination Research, 1948-1960

Public Health Research Grant, 1948-1951
Box 7
Sex ratio studies, 1948-1949
Box 7
University Research Grant, 1960
Box 7

Operative Wound Infections, 1941-1963

Surgeries tabulated by procedure, 1941-1958
Box 7
Summary report, 1959-1963
Box 7

8. Chowan College Board of Advisors, 1964-1975

Scope and Contents note: Contains meeting memoranda, correspondence, and planning materials pertaining to the establishment of an undergraduate nursing education program at Chowan College. While serving on this board, Dr. Hart corresponded with the president of Chowan College, Bruce Whitaker, as well as members of the Board of Trustees.

Chowan College Board of Advisors, 1964
Box 8
Chowan College Board of Advisors, 1965
Box 8
Chowan College Board of Advisors, January-June 1966
Box 8
Chowan College Board of Advisors, July-December 1966
Box 8
Chowan College Board of Advisors, January-June 1967
Box 8
Chowan College Board of Advisors, July-December 1967
Box 8
Chowan College Board of Advisors, 1968
Box 8
Chowan College Board of Advisors, 1969
Box 8
Chowan College Board of Advisors, 1970
Box 8
Chowan College Board of Advisors, January-June 1970
Box 8
Chowan College Board of Advisors, July-December 1971
Box 8
Chowan College Board of Advisors, 1972
Box 8
Chowan College Board of Advisors, 1973
Box 8
Chowan College Board of Advisors, January-June 1964
Box 8
Chowan College Board of Advisors, 1965
Box 8

9. Redevelopment Commission of Durham, 1960-1973

Scope and Contents note: Contains minutes, maps, plans, and reports.

Meetings and notes, September-December 1966
Box 8
Meetings and notes, January-June 1967
Box 8
Meetings and notes, July-December 1967
Box 8
Meetings and notes, January-July 1968
Box 8
Meetings and notes, August-December 1968
Box 8
Meetings and notes, January-July 1969
Box 9
Meetings and notes, August-December 1969
Box 9
Meetings and notes, January-June 1970
Box 9
Meetings and notes, July-December 1970
Box 9
Meetings and notes, January-June 1971
Box 9
Meetings and notes, July-December 1971
Box 9
Meetings and notes, January-June 1972
Box 9
Meetings and notes, July-December 1972
Box 9
Meetings and notes, January-May 1973
Box 9
Meetings and notes, June-December 1973
Box 9
Pamphlets and reports, 1960-1970
Box 9

10. Hart Residences, 1933-1983

Scope and Contents note: This series contains records pertaining to residential properties owned by the J. Deryl Hart familyhews property: Hart house. Caswell Place, and J.B. Matthews property. Includes records about the conception, construction, and renovation to the first Hart house and surrounding land on Duke University property. Hart house materials include lists, specs, contracts, correspondence, receipts, handwritten notes, and a sketch of a window sill. The architect of the first Hart home, now a home for the Duke University President, was Nelson and Cooper Architects of Raleigh, NC.

Hart house, 1933-1951, 1983

Hart house, 1933
Box 9
Hart house, 1934
Box 9
Hart house, 1935
Box 9
Hart house, 1936
Box 9
Hart house, 1937
Box 9
Hart house, 1938
Box 9
Hart house, 1940
Box 9
Hart house, 1941
Box 9
Hart house, 1944
Box 9
Hart house, 1951
Box 9
Hart house, 1983
Box 9
Contracts, 1933
Box 9
Improvement and costs list, 1933-1935
Box 9
1401 Caswell Place, 1948-1964
Box 9
J.B. Matthews property, 1978
Box 9

11. Personal Materials, 1917-1987

Scope and Contents note: Contains some personal correspondence, calling cards, photographs, programs, certificates, diplomas, scrapbooks, sketches and memorabilia from undergraduate and early medical college years. Clippings and programs contains materials from college years and early medical training. has been moved to Oversize Materials.

Family genealogy, 1937-1980
Box 9
Clippings and programs, 1917-1958
Box 9
Pneumatic bed invention materials, 1926
Box 9
Speech of acceptance of the Duke University presidency, 1960
Box 9
Letter conferring doctor of laws degree upon Dr. Hart, 1964
Box 9
Julian Deryl Hart, a report by a schoolchild, undated
Box 10
Certificates, state and national Associations, 1930-1965
Box 10
Certificate, doctor of laws, Duke University, 1964
Box 10
Speech conferring doctor of laws upon Hart from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1962
Box 10
Photographs, scientific exhibition, 1960
Box 10
Photographs, Hart portraits, undated
Box 10
Photographs, Hart with groups [one item moved to Oversize Materials], undated
Box 10
Photographs, Johns Hopkins Surgical Society group photograph with Hart (front row, 5th to left), January 23, 1926
Box
Dedication of the Hart Pavilion, 1966
Box 10
Deryl Hart Lectureship remarks by Clarence Gardner, 1964
Box 10
Committal service and pastoral prayer for Hart's entombment in the Duke Chapel crypt, 1980
Box 10
Mary and Deryl Hart Distinguished Professor of Surgery, 1987
Box 10
The Duke Hospital, an Epic Pome [sic] by Novacaine and a Patient, Unrepressed Edition, undated
Box 10
Certificates and diplomas, Duke University, 1955-1964
Box 11
Certificate, Southeastern Surgical Congress, 1960
Box 11
Certificates, State of North Carolina, 1961, 1962, 1986
Box 11
Letter of gratitude for service to Duke University from William R. Pitts, 1964
Box 11
Photographs, Hart with Department of Surgery house staff, undated
Box 11
Variable pressure beds or mattresses patent materials, 1930
Box 11
Scrapbook, [Mary Johnson Hart Surgical Conference Room], 1987
Box 11
Scrapbook, Deryl Hart, 1955
Box 11
Scrapbook, D.H., 1950-1953
Box 11
Scrapbook, Deryl Hart, M.D., President, Duke University, 1960-1963 (presented by the Half-Century Club of Duke University), 1963
Box 11
Scrapbook loose materials, Deryl Hart, M.D., President, Duke University, 1960-1963
Box 11

12. Teaching Slides, 1940-1960

Scope and Contents note: Contains boxes of lantern slides used for teaching students in the Duke University Department of Surgery and for making medical case study presentations at grand rounds and association meetings. Contains restricted materials.

Access Restrictions: Series must be screened for sensitive or confidential materials before being accessed. For further information consult with the Medical Center Archivist.

Slides, undated
Box 12
Slides, undated
Box 13
Slides, undated
Box 14
Slides, undated
Box 15
Slides, undated
Box 16
Slides, undated
Box 17

13. Oversize Materials, undated

Ultraviolet Radiation, 1930-1975

Photographs, 1930-1960
Box 18
Slides of recommended garments and protection levels provided, 1950
Box 18

Building Program and Development Funding, 1931-1963, 1974

Surgery and PDC expense funds ledger, 1931-1934
Box 18

Personal Materials, 1917-1987

House furnishing layout sketches, folder 1, 1934
Box 18
House furnishing layout sketches, folder 2, 1934
Box 18

Drawings: Surgery of the Hand, 1928-1929

Figure 1 (page 3): Lymphatic palmar surface hand, 1929
Box 19
Figure 2 (page 5): Lymphatics of the finger, undated
Box 19
Figure 3 (page 6): Lymphatic collecting trunks on the dorsum of the hand, undated
Box 19
Figure 6 (page 9): Palmar fascia, left hand, 1929
Box 19
Figure 8 (page 11): The thenar space, undated
Box 19
Figure 11a (page 15): Synovial sheaths of the flexor tendons, 1929
Box 19
Figure 11b (page 15): Synovial sheaths of the flexor tendons, 1929
Box 19
Figure 11c (page 15): Synovial sheaths of the flexor tendons, 1929
Box 19
Figure 36 (page 37): Drawing to show a tendon suture, undated
Box 19
Figure 106 (page 129): Drawings showing the operation for a paronychia with a subungal abscess underlying the greater part of the nail - RESTRICTED, 1928
Box 19
Figure 115 (page 140): Incision for drainage of an infection of the flexor tendon sheath of the fourth finger, 1929
Box 19
Figure 116 (page 143): Incision for drainage of the infected ulna bursa and flexor tendon sheath of the little finger, 1929
Box 19

14. Blueprints and Plans, undated

Blueprints and Plans, folded, undated
Box 21
Blueprints and Plans, rolled, undated
Box 22

Biographical/Historical Note

Julian Deryl Hart was born in Buena Vista, Ga. in 1894 and was raised on a plantation of several hundred acres in Taylor County, Ga. He matriculated at Emory University, where he distinguished himself in mathematics and speech, compiling the best record in math over four years of any student. During his senior year, he decided to become a doctor. He remained at Emory beyond his 1916 graduation (A.B) to receive a master's degree in mathematics (1917). Hart chose to attend the The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He was selected by Dr. William Stewart Halsted to join the surgical training program, where he made his highest grade in medicine. After earning his degree in 1921 (M.D.), he served at Johns Hopkins Hospital as intern (1921-1922), assistant in pathology (1922-1923), instructor in surgery (1923-1929), assistant resident in surgery and surgical pathology (1923-1927), resident surgeon (1927-1929), and associate surgeon (1929-1930). While a resident, he authored , a text in the series (edited by Dean Lewis). In 1928, Wilburt C. Davison, dean of the Duke University School of Medicine, approached Hart to become professor of surgery and first chair of the Department of Surgery in the Duke University School of Medicine and Hospital. In 1928, Hart joined Duke, a school in the process of building a national reputation. Dr. Hart placed emphasis on achieving excellence in patient care and teaching by integrating research with development. Through this philosophy, he laid the foundation for a model system of integrating the fundamental missions of academic medical centers: patient care, education, research and administration. During his tenure as chair, Dr. Hart expected faculty members to assume major clinical and teaching responsibilities and to pursue laboratory research. He recruited the founding members of the surgical faculty and established Duke's surgery residency. Soon after assembling a core group of practitioners, Hart saw a way to provide patient services more efficiently. In 1932, with Frederic M. Hanes and the cooperation of other members of the clinical faculty, Hart implemented a private diagnostic clinic plan. Under the plan, physicians would share clinics with examining rooms, a patient waiting room, and a central office. An office staff managed clerical work and lab technicians conducted tests, hence freeing doctors to see more patients. Duke's Private Diagnostic Clinic not only provided coordinated medical and surgical care to private patients with moderate incomes, but it allowed members of the medical faculty to contribute a portion of their earnings toward the continued excellence of medicine at Duke. The private diagnostic clinic model was subsequently employed at other healthcare institutions around the country. Hart's innovation was evident both in administration and research. In the 1920s, Hart worked on several patents for equipment to improve patient care. His inventions included a pneumatic bed, a surgical basin and support (for clean rooms), an operating room supply table, and variable pressure beds (or air mattresses) to ease bed sores. At Duke, Hart led plans to create a surgical instrument shop which would meet Duke's needs for specialized medical tools and instruments. Dr. Hart was also credited with originating the use of ultraviolet radiation to control airborne infections in surgical operating rooms (1936), a technique that became widely accepted across the country. This procedure dramatically reduced the number of infections and related deaths and won national acclaim in the late 1930s and early 1940s. Also in 1949, Hart and Dr. James Moody claimed national attention for their work on changing the male-female ratio in litters of rats. Relating their results to human experience, they suggested that it made a difference, in terms of sex determination, how early in the period of fertility an egg was fertilized. For many years after this work was published, Dr. Hart served, often informally, as a counselor to childless couples or couples desiring a child of a certain sex. In 1960, Hart became president of Duke University, the fourth man to be elevated from within the institution. Hart organized the provost group to share in governance of the university; guided the adoption of new bylaws that replaced the University Council with our present faculty legislature, the Academic Council; expanded the role of the University Planning Committee; and significantly redefined the responsibilities of the offices of Institutional Advancement, Development, Business, Legal Counsel, Registrar, Undergraduate Admissions and Architect. During his three-year tenure, the number of distinguished professorships doubled and faculty salaries increased. Hart's administration was also responsible for amending the admissions policy to affirm equality of opportunity regardless of race, creed or national origin. Outside of Duke University, Hart held offices with the American College of Surgeons, Southern Surgical Association, Southern Society of Clinical Surgeons, and the Durham-Orange County Medical Society. He was also director of the Durham Bank and Trust Company, member of the Corporation of Research Triangle Institute and the Research Triangle Foundation of North Carolina, American Association of Thoracic Surgery, Society of University Surgeons, American Medical Association, International Surgical Association, Nu Sigma Nu, Phi Beta Kappa, Alpha Omega Alpha, Sigma Xi, Durham Rotary Club (N.C.), and fellow of the American College of Surgeons. Other honors include an honorary doctorate from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (1929). Dr. Hart married Mary Johnson Hart in July 1932 in Raleigh, in a ceremony recognized as The Harts had their home built at the corner of Duke University Road and N.C. 751. Over the years, dozens of Duke medical and divinity students lived in the Harts' house, staying in a backyard building that had been converted from an old chicken coop. After Dr. Hart died in 1980, Mrs. Hart served as honorary chairwoman of the Duke University Founder's Society, which was formed to recognize individuals, foundations, and corporations that made endowment gifts to the University. Mrs. Hart died in 2000.

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], J. Deryl Hart Papers and Records, Duke University Medical Center Archives.

Acquisitions Information

Accession A1976.0196 (transfer, 1976), Accession A1977.0048 (gift, 1977), Accession A2018.046 (transferred by Allan Kirk, July 2018)

Processing Information

Processed by Archives staff: August 2004; encoded by: Emily Glenn: August 2004; updated by Lucy Waldrop: July 2018

Separated Material

Duke University Medical Center architectural plans, proposals, blueprints, 1940-1964. Twenty-six items have been transferred to the Medical Center Engineering and Operations records.

Related Material

Department of Surgery Records