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Guide to the Joseph W. Beard Papers, 1920-1994 (MC.0006)

Abstract

Contains the professional papers of Joseph W. Beard (1906-1983), virologist at the Duke University School of Medicine, and Dorothy Waters Beard (1909-1984), his research partner and wife. Types of materials include correspondence, writings, memorabilia, contracts, certificates, plaques, photographs, a drawing, a photograph album, and a eulogy. Major subjects include Duke University Medical Center, cancer research, virus diseases, leukemia, avian leukosis viruses, oncogenic viruses, and virus disease. Materials range in date from 1920 to 1994.

Descriptive Summary

Call Number
MC.0006
Title
Joseph W. Beard Papers
Date
1920-1994
Creator
Beard, Joseph Willis
Extent
5 Linear Feet (2 cartons, 3 manuscript boxes, 1 flat box)
Repository
Duke University Medical Center Archives

Collection Overview

Contains correspondence, writings, memorabilia, contracts, certificates, plaques, photographs, a drawing, a photograph album, and a eulogy. Major subjects include Duke University Medical Center, cancer research, virus diseases, leukemia, avian leukosis viruses, oncogenic viruses, and virus disease. Materials range in date from 1920 to 1994.

Arrangement Note

Organized into the following series: Correspondence, 1930-1994; Personal Materials, 1920-1983; Research and Legal Materials, 1940-1982; Photographs, Memorabilia, and Awards, 1932-1979; Oversized Photographs and Scrapbooks, circa 1920-1977.

Restrictions on Access & Use

Some collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 48 business hours in advance for retrieval.

Access Restrictions

None.

Use Restrictions

Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Contents of the Collection

1. Correspondence, 1930-1994

Series Scope and Contents: Contains personal and professional correspondence of Joseph Beard. Major correspondents include Lederle Laboratories, Alfred Blalock, Dorothy Beard, Ronzee Bridges, and Rose Bridges. Materials date from 1930 to 1994.

Unordered, 1934-1978
Box 1
Unordered, 1994, undated
Box 3
General, unordered, 1934-1978
Box 1
Anlyan, William G., 1970
Box 1
American Cyanamid Company (William Bell), 1945-1946
Box 1
Dorothy Beard to Joseph Beard, 1934-1960
Box 1
Blalock, Alfred, 1935-1945
Box 1
Bridges, Rose McIntyre, circa 1945-1971
Box 1
Bridges, Sr., Ronzee McIntyre, circa 1945-1971
Box 1
Brooks, Barney, 1935
Box 1
Lauffer, Max, 1950
Box 1
Lederle Laboratories, 1937-1939
Box 1
Lilly Research Laboratories, 1980
Box 1
C.O. Prickett, 1949
Box 1
Rous, Peyton, circa 1935-1965
Box 1
Shope, Richard E., 1938-1941
Box 1
Sprunt,Douglas H., 1945
Box 1

2. Personal Materials, 1920-1983

Series Scope and Contents: Contains correspondence, a scrapbook, legal documents, an award, and a eulogy pertaining to Beard's personal life. Materials date from 1920 to 1983.

Love letter [from Joseph to Dorothy Beard?], undated
Box 1
Helpful Hints, a household maintenance scrapbook, circa 1940-1970
Box 1
Property and land ownership, circa 1970
Box 1
Madeline G. Waters writings, circa 1920
Box 1
Letters of recommendation concerning Joseph Beard, 1934-1935
Box 1
Borden Award, 1971
Box 1
Eulogy, Dr. Joseph W. Beard, 1901-1983, A Mighty Man, 1983
Box 2

3. Research and Legal Materials, 1940-1982

Series Scope and Contents: Contains reprints, contracts, and writings pertaining to Beard's professional career. Materials date from 1940 to 1982.

Scholarly writings and reprints, circa 1940-1982
Box 2
Dorothy Beard Research Fund, 1941-1971
Box 2
Lederle Laboratories contract, 1940, 1944
Box 2
Duke University contract, 1940
Box 2
Legal Materials, License Agreements and correspondance with Lederle Laboratories, 1940, undated
Box 3
Legal Materials, U.S. Patent for Equine Encephalomyelitis Vaccine, 1938
Box 3
Collected Reprints I, 1927-1935
Box 5
Collected Reprints II, 1935-1940
Box 5
Collected Reprints II, 1944-1948
Box 5
Collected Reprints III, 1940-1941
Box 5
Collected Reprints IV, 1942-1944
Box 5
Collected Reprints V, 1956-1958
Box 5
Collected Reprints VII, 1948-1952
Box 5
Collected Reprints VIII, 1952-1956
Box 5
Collected Reprints IX, 1956-1960
Box 5
Collected Reprints X, 1960-1962
Box 6
Collected Reprints XI, 1960-1963
Box 6
Collected Reprints XII, 1964-1969
Box 6
Collected Reprints XIII, 1969-1980
Box 6

4. Photographs, Memorabilia, and Awards, 1932-1979

Series Scope and Contents: Contains programs, brochures, certificates, news clippings, photographs, a commemorative medal, a plaque, a photo album from the dedication of the Beard Research Lab, and a sketch pertaining to the life and career of Joseph Beard. Materials date from 1932 to 1979.

Programs and brochures, circa 1945-1977
Box 2
Certificates (academic, honorary, membership), 1932-1979
Box 2
Sketch of Dorothy Beard, 1935
Box 2
News clippings, circa 1955-1971
Box 2
Photographs, family and personal, undated
Box 2
Photographs of colleagues, work, and Duke University, undated
Box 2
Photographs, portraits/individual shots, Joseph Beard, undated
Box 3
Photographs, portraits of Dorothy Beard [and Madeline Waters?], undated
Box 3
Photographs, unidentified, undated
Box 3
Photographs, lab, Bell building, and other, 1951, undated
Box 3
Dedication of Dorothy and Joseph Beard Surgical Research Laboratory (Photo Album), 1977
Box 6
Commemorative medal, American Association for Cancer Research, G.H.A. Clowes Memorial lecture, 1966
Box 3
Association of American Medical Colleges, Award for Outstanding Research in Medical Science, 1971
Box 3
Plaque, Special Virus Cancer program, 1971
Box 3

5. Oversized Photographs and Scrapbooks, circa 1920-1977

Series Scope and Contents: Contains photographs and scrapbooks pertaining to Joseph and Dorothy Beard's personally and professional lives. Materials date from circa 1920 to 1977.

Processing Information: Scrapbooks were disassembled and foldered due to preservation concerns.

Family photo album, 36 pages, circa 1950-1955
Box 4
Beard family at home/leisure activities, undated
Box 4
Joseph and Dorothy Beard at work, undated
Box 4
Beard family scrapbook, pages 1-32, circa 1930-1956
Box 4
Beard family scrapbook, pages 33-74, circa 1930-1956
Box 4
Madeline Grainger Waters scrapbook, pages 1-22, circa 1920-1939
Box 4
Madeline Grainger Waters scrapbook, pages 23-50, circa 1920-1939
Box 4
Madeline Grainger Waters scrapbook, loose materials, circa 1920-1939
Box 4
Photograph of Joseph and Dorothy Beard, circa 1977
Box 4

Biographical Note

Joseph Willis Beard was born in 1906 in Athens, Louisiana. He earned a BS from University of Chicago in1925 and a MD from Vanderbilt University in 1929. Joseph Beard met his wife, Dorothy Waters, at Vanderbilt University. Dorothy Waters Beard, a 1929 graduate of Vanderbilt University School of Nursing, became a prominent member of Joseph Beard's research group, collaborating with him on over 125 research publications. Joseph Beard was noted for his early accomplishments in cancer and viruses in animal and humans. In 1933, Beard and scientist Peyton Rous of the Rockefeller Institute wanted to study a particular group of cells. They devised the method of pulling blood cells out of veins using a magnetic force. The New York Evening World Telegram called their accomplishment an 'ingenious trick.'

Beard joined the Duke University faculty in 1937. Together, Joseph and Dorothy Beard were an internationally prominent cancer research team. In 1938, one year after coming to Duke University, Dr. Beard's group developed the first usable vaccine for equine encephalomyelitis, a disease that then struck down thousands of horses. This development was due in part to the funding of Lederle Laboratories, owned by William Brown Bell, a Duke Endowment Trustee and President of American Cyanamid Company. Bell's support allowed Duke scientists to progress rapidly in successfully developing the vaccine and subsequently becoming national leaders in vaccine and immunization. In the 1940s, Dr. Beard purified and photographed the virus which causes warts and skin cancer in rabbits. In 1950, Dr. Beard received a grant from the American Cancer Society to research and isolate the cause of avian leukosis, a cancer-like disease that cost the poultry industry millions of dollars each year. In subsequent research, Dr. Beard isolated and identified cancer viruses that cause leukemia in chickens, and he and his associates were one of the two groups to first report tangible evidence of viruses in association with human leukemia.

Dr. Beard became the James B. Duke professor of surgery in 1946 and was appointed professor of virology in 1965. Dr. Beard received Borden Award for outstanding research in medicine, presented annually by the Association of American Medical Colleges. Dr. Beard continued to be recognized locally and nationally for his work, winning funding and awards frequently. Dr. Beard produced over 300 publications on surgical shock; chemical, physical, and biological properties of animal viruses; and on cancer induced by mammalian and avian viruses. Some of Dr. Beard's works include International Conference on Avian Tumor Viruses 1964, Symposium: Phenomena of the Tumor Viruses 1960, Bacteriology (1957), and Microbiology (1960). Joseph Beard served Duke University until his retirement in 1973. From about 1973 until 1983, the Beards were associated with Life Sciences Incorporated, located in their place of retirement, St. Petersburg, Florida. Joseph Beard died in 1983. Dorothy Waters Beard died in 1984.

Subject Headings

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Joseph W. Beard Papers, Duke University Medical Center Archives.

Acquisitions Information

Source unknown (acquired, circa 1983), source unknown (acquired, circa 2002), Accession A2021.086 (gift by Dani Bolognesi, November 2021)

Provenance

Acquired; circa 1983 and circa 2002

Processing Information

Processed by Emily Glenn: July 2003; updated by Victor Gordon under the supervision of Lucy Waldrop November-March 2021-2022

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