Hart, J. Deryl, Papers, 1916-1987

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Collection Number: MC.0018
J. Deryl Hart Papers and Records, 1916-1987

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Duke Medical Center Archives in Durham, N.C. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.

Collection Overview

Size: 31.5 linear feet 18 record storage boxes; 2 oversize boxs
Abstract: Contains the personal and professional papers of J. Deryl Hart, chair of the Department of Surgery at Duke University from 1930 to 1960, and president of Duke University from 1960 to 1963. Major subjects include Chowan College, Duke University Medical Center, the Duke Private Diagnostic Clinic, surgical wound infection, medical hospitals, history of teaching medical schools, and history of surgery in North Carolina. Types of materials include personal and professional correspondence, memorabilia, certificates, diplomas, scrapbooks, photographs, speeches, lectures, addresses, clippings, sketches, reprints, ledgers, lantern slides, subject files, and committee materials. Materials range in date from 1916 to 1987.
Creator: Hart, Deryl, b. 1894
Language: English
Repository Duke University Medical Center Archives
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Information for Users

Access Restrictions
The Teaching Slides series of this collection contains personal health information. Contact the Archivist for information about access.
Usage Restrictions
Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], J. Deryl Hart papers and records, Duke University Medical Center Archives.
Acquisitions Information
Acquired; circa 1977
Sensitive Materials Statement
Collections may contain Medical Center Administrative records. These include records of the officers of the University, as defined in the Bylaws, the deans of schools and colleges, and departments, institutes, and other offices as designated by the President. For a period of twenty-five years from the origin of the material, permission in writing from the director of the office of record and the Medical Center Archivist is required for use. After twenty-five years, records that have been processed may be consulted with the permission of the Medical Center Archivist.
Collection may contain Records of the Board of Trustees of the Duke University Medical Center. These include minutes and supporting documentation of the Board, its Executive Committee, and standing and ad hoc committees, and reports, studies, and the like presented solely to the Board. Records which have been existence for at least fifty years are available for scholarly research with the permission of the Medical Center Archivist. Access to records which have been in existence for less than fifty years shall be granted only by special permission, in writing, of the Medical Center Board of Trustees.
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Subject Headings

Biographical Information

Julian Deryl Hart was born in Buena Vista, Ga. in 1894 and was raised on a plantation of several hundred acres in Taylor County, Ga. He matriculated at Emory University, where he distinguished himself in mathematics and speech, compiling the best record in math over four years of any student. During his senior year, he decided to become a doctor. He remained at Emory beyond his 1916 graduation (A.B) to receive a master's degree in mathematics (1917). Hart chose to attend the The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He was selected by Dr. William Stewart Halsted to join the surgical training program, where he made his highest grade in medicine. After earning his degree in 1921 (M.D.), he served at Johns Hopkins Hospital as intern (1921-1922), assistant in pathology (1922-1923), instructor in surgery (1923-1929), assistant resident in surgery and surgical pathology (1923-1927), resident surgeon (1927-1929), and associate surgeon (1929-1930). While a resident, he authored Surgery of the Hand, a text in the Practice of Surgery series (edited by Dean Lewis).

In 1928, Wilburt C. Davison, dean of the Duke University School of Medicine, approached Hart to become professor of surgery and first chair of the Department of Surgery in the Duke University School of Medicine and Hospital. In 1928, Hart joined Duke, a school in the process of building a national reputation. Dr. Hart placed emphasis on achieving excellence in patient care and teaching by integrating research with development. Through this philosophy, he laid the foundation for a model system of integrating the fundamental missions of academic medical centers: patient care, education, research and administration. During his tenure as chair, Dr. Hart expected faculty members to assume major clinical and teaching responsibilities and to pursue laboratory research. He recruited the founding members of the surgical faculty and established Duke's surgery residency.

Soon after assembling a core group of practitioners, Hart saw a way to provide patient services more efficiently. In 1932, with Frederic M. Hanes and the cooperation of other members of the clinical faculty, Hart implemented a private diagnostic clinic plan. Under the plan, physicians would share clinics with examining rooms, a patient waiting room, and a central office. An office staff managed clerical work and lab technicians conducted tests, hence freeing doctors to see more patients. Duke's Private Diagnostic Clinic not only provided coordinated medical and surgical care to private patients with moderate incomes, but it allowed members of the medical faculty to contribute a portion of their earnings toward the continued excellence of medicine at Duke. The private diagnostic clinic model was subsequently employed at other healthcare institutions around the country.

Hart's innovation was evident both in administration and research. In the 1920s, Hart worked on several patents for equipment to improve patient care. His inventions included a pneumatic bed, a surgical basin and support (for clean rooms), an operating room supply table, and variable pressure beds (or air mattresses) to ease bed sores. At Duke, Hart led plans to create a surgical instrument shop which would meet Duke's needs for specialized medical tools and instruments.

Dr. Hart was also credited with originating the use of ultraviolet radiation to control airborne infections in surgical operating rooms (1936), a technique that became widely accepted across the country. This procedure dramatically reduced the number of infections and related deaths and won national acclaim in the late 1930s and early 1940s. Also in 1949, Hart and Dr. James Moody claimed national attention for their work on changing the male-female ratio in litters of rats. Relating their results to human experience, they suggested that it made a difference, in terms of sex determination, how early in the period of fertility an egg was fertilized. For many years after this work was published, Dr. Hart served, often informally, as a counselor to childless couples or couples desiring a child of a certain sex.

In 1960, Hart became president of Duke University, the fourth man to be elevated from within the institution. Hart organized the provost group to share in governance of the university; guided the adoption of new bylaws that replaced the University Council with our present faculty legislature, the Academic Council; expanded the role of the University Planning Committee; and significantly redefined the responsibilities of the offices of Institutional Advancement, Development, Business, Legal Counsel, Registrar, Undergraduate Admissions and Architect. During his three-year tenure, the number of distinguished professorships doubled and faculty salaries increased. Hart's administration was also responsible for amending the admissions policy to affirm equality of opportunity regardless of race, creed or national origin.

Outside of Duke University, Hart held offices with the American College of Surgeons, Southern Surgical Association, Southern Society of Clinical Surgeons, and the Durham-Orange County Medical Society. He was also director of the Durham Bank and Trust Company, member of the Corporation of Research Triangle Institute and the Research Triangle Foundation of North Carolina, American Association of Thoracic Surgery, Society of University Surgeons, American Medical Association, International Surgical Association, Nu Sigma Nu, Phi Beta Kappa, Alpha Omega Alpha, Sigma Xi, Durham Rotary Club (N.C.), and fellow of the American College of Surgeons. Other honors include an honorary doctorate from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (1929).

Dr. Hart married Mary Johnson Hart in July 1932 in Raleigh, in a ceremony recognized as 'the social event of the year.' The Harts had their home built at the corner of Duke University Road and N.C. 751. Over the years, dozens of Duke medical and divinity students lived in the Harts' house, staying in a backyard building that had been converted from an old chicken coop. After Dr. Hart died in 1980, Mrs. Hart served as honorary chairwoman of the Duke University Founder's Society, which was formed to recognize individuals, foundations, and corporations that made endowment gifts to the University. Mrs. Hart died in 2000.

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Scope and Content

Organized into the following series: Correspondence, 1916-1975; Department of Surgery and the Private Diagnostic Clinic, circa 1930-1968, no date; Building Program and Development Funding, 1961-1963, 1974; Subject File, 1956-1976; Addresses, Speeches and Lectures, 1952-1957; Professional Organizations, 1952-1975; Clinical Research, circa 1938-1975; Chowan College Board of Advisors, 1964-1975; Redevelopment Commission of Durham, circa 1955-1973; Hart Residences, 1933-1983; Personal Materials, 1917-1987, no date; Teaching Slides, circa 1940-1960; Oversize Materials.

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Contents list

Series Quick Links

Correspondence, 1916-1975

Contains Hart's personal correspondence with family (mostly with sister Mary Hart) or friends and general Duke-related correspondence with colleagues. Also contains correspondence pertains to homes and property in Durham, N.C. and Roaring Gap, N.C.

Box 1
Personal, 1916-1969
[19 folders]
Roaring Gap Cottage, 1949-1957

Box 2
Roaring Gap Cottage, 1958-1969
[3 folders]
Louise Hart, 1951-1972
[2 folders]
General Duke-related, 1964-1975

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Department of Surgery and the Private Diagnostic Clinic, no date, circa 1930-1970

Contains materials pertaining to the management and administration of the Department of Surgery and Private Diagnostic Clinic, which had many staff members in common.

Correspondence, 1942-1970
Duke-related general correspondence, circa 1950-1970
[13 folders]
Perkins, Tom, 1968
Postlethwaite, R.W., 1967-1970
Sealy, Will, 1942, 1944
Sherwood, Mildred, circa 1954

Private Diagnostic Clinic Administration, no date, 1930-1968
Summary of Developments in the Department of Surgery, 1930-1959
General history (includes Sabiston correspondence, Tumor Clinic and Division of Physiotherapy), 1940-1965
Departmental plans and Report of Duke University School of Medicine and Duke Hospital 1933 and Statement of Their Needs for 1934 to 1938, circa 1934
Private Diagnostic Clinic Statement of Facts, no date
Bylaws, rules, and regulations, circa 1963-1964
House staff lists, 1956-1966
House staff and rotations, 1947-1968
Requirements for Students Assigned to the Surgical Wards of Duke Hospital, no date
Georgiade and Pickrell research, 1963

Box 3
Graduate training grant site visits, 1966
Tulane University
University of Mississippi
University of North Carolina

Divisions of the Department of Surgery, circa 1952-1962
Clinical Research Laboratories
Experimental Surgery
Neurological Services
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Plastic Surgery, Division of
Staff performance, 1952-1960
Thoracic Surgery Laboratory
Urology Laboratory

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Building Program and Development Funding, 1931-1963, 1974

Hospital addition includes plans, correspondence, statistics pertaining to bed use. Other folders contain information pertaining to the Private Diagnostic Clinic's financial contribution to building funds for the medical center, outpatient needs, staffing needs, and funding sources. The 'Hospital beds and cross wing file' includes a narrative by Deryl Hart. The funds ledgers has been moved to Oversize Materials.

Medical Center funding, 1961
Long Range Planning Committee, 1961
Woodhall, Swanson and Busse correspondence, 1961-1962
Marshall I. Pickens and Duke Endowment correspondence, 1962
Hospital addition, 1962-1963
Hospital beds and cross wing, 1962-1974
Hospital administration financing needs conference with A. Hollis Edens, 1954-1957
Surgery and PDC expense funds ledger, [moved to Oversize boxes] 1931-1934

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Subject File, 1956-1975

Contains subjects and correspondence pertaining to academic administration of the Department of Surgery and various committees within the Duke University Medical Center.

Anesthesia, Division of, 1964-1966
Surgery, Dept. of, space assignment, no date
Dorothy Beard Research Fund, 1973-1974
Committee on Biomedical Sciences, 1965
Surgery, Dept. of, budget, 1956-1960
Building Committee, general materials, 1960-1964
[4 folders]
Building Committee, Baker House Addition, 1965
Building Committee, Medical Science 1, 1964-1965
Building Committee, P.D.C. addition, 1964
Clinical Facilities Extension, 1963-1964
Clinical Research Program, 1962-1966
Davison Scholar Program, 1961
Death and Complications Conference, 1972
Duke University Development Program, 1972-1973
Surgery, Dept. of, Executive Committee, 1965-1969
Gerontology and Diagnostic and Treatment Center, 1960
GIFFORD, James F., 1974
Halsted Ward, 1956

Box 4
'History of Duke University Medical Center' (by Davison), 1965-1966
Hospital collection reports, 1960-1965
Hospital Infections Committee Report, 1970
Hospital bed occupancy reports, 1961-1975
Johns Hopkins University, 1968-1972
KNIGHT, Douglas M., 1963-1969
Long Range Planning, 1961
Loyalty Fund
Lecture Notes
Nursing Education Program, Louisburg College, 1967
Nursing Education Program, Wingate College, 1966
Operating Rooms E, F, G, and H (recreating old suite), 1963
Ophthalmology Dept.
Parking Facilities, 1966
RANKIN, Watson S., 'Need for Rural Hospitals', no date
Recommendations, 1963-1972
Renovation, Physiology Dept., 1962
Retirement Living Proposal, 1968
Room Sanitizing Unit, 1961-1963
SABISTON, David C., 1965-1975
Student Health, 1962-1963
Surgery core course for second year, third term, 1971
Surgical P.D.C. and insurance, 1963-1971
Surgical Shop, 1963-1966
Traffic Committee, 1964
Urology, Division of, 1964
U.S. Army Research Office, 1963
U.S.S. Shangri-La Cruise, 1961
Veterans Affairs Hospital, Research and Education Committee
J. Hughes and M. Pickens, 1963
Visiting Committee, 1964
Visitors to Duke, 1963
Watts Hospital, 1972
Wingate College
WOODHALL, Barnes, 1961-1965

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Addresses, Speeches and Lectures, 1952-1973, no date

American Cancer Society, television program, 1955
Antibiotics in G.I. Surgery Lecture
Carcinoma of the Breast lecture
Carcinoma of the Colon lecture

Box 5
Davison Symposium, 1961
Durham-Orange County Medical Society, 1960
Emory University Medical Alumni Association, 1962
Clarence E. Gardner dinner, no date
Clarence E. Gardner Surgical Outpatient Clinic Dedication, 1968
Floyd McRae Society Meeting, 'Development of the Department of Surgery at Duke'
Gastric Resection Exclusion of Complicated Duodenal Ulcer Discussion
Georgia Surgical Society, 1964
Conference on Gerontology, 1959
Halsted Society Meeting, 1973
Hyperbaric Conference Speech, 1965
Kiwanis Club, 1970
Walker McKinley Nielsen portrait reception
North Carolina Surgical Association, 1963
Nurses' lectures, 'Introduction to Surgery' and 'Some Thoughts of a Surgeon'
Tribute to Mataline and Guy Odom
Pre-Med Society, 1952
Research Triangle Area TB and Respiratory Disease Assn., Nov. 9, 1971
D. T. Smith dinner, 1977
Southern Section of the Surgical Association (on postoperative wound infections), 1967
Presidential Address to the Southern Surgical Association, 'The Responsibility of the Medical Profession to Medical Education,' 1956
State Science Fair, Duke University, 1964
Thirty Year Club, 1964
University of Kansas, Postgraduate Course in Surgery, 1958
Watts Hospital 60th Anniversary Dinner, 1955
'The Relationship of the Growth of Trinity College and Duke to the Duke Family and Their Industrial Enterprises' (Founder's Day?), circa 1961
Notes, no date

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Professional Organizations, 1953-1975

American College of Surgeons, general materials, 1954-1964
[2 folders]
American College of Surgeons, Board of Governors,
American College of Surgeons, Committee on Anesthesia, 1954-1957
American College of Surgeons, North Carolina chapter, 1955-1973
American Medical Association, 1959-1973
American Sterilizer Company, 1954-1959
American Surgical Association, 1959-1975
[3 folders]

Box 6
Durham Bank and Trust Company, 1954-1960
Durham-Orange County Heart Association, 1964
Durham-Orange County Medical Society, 1956-1975
Gulf Coast Clinical Society, 1958
Deryl Hart Society, 1960-1974
National Industrial Conference Board, 1966
National Institute of Health, 1965-1967
North Carolina Medical Society, 1954-1974
North Carolina Medical Society, Scientific Exhibit, 1960
Southern Society of Clinical Surgeons, 1961-1975
[2 folders]
Southern Surgical Association, general, 1953-1972
Southern Surgical Association, meetings, 1962-1975

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Clinical Research, circa 1930-1975

Ultraviolet Radiation, circa , no date 1938-1975

Container articles, catalogs, illustrations, news clippings, and reprints pertaining to Dr. Hart's research on cleanliness, physician and nursing dress, sterilization, lighting equipment, and bacteria development in the operating room environment. Photographs include scientific exhibits, operating rooms, surgical and nursing clothing, and apparatus. 'Photographs, circa 1930-1960' and 'Slides of recommended garments and protection levels provided' have been moved to Oversize Materials.

Clippings, circa 1936-1968
Reprints on ultraviolet light in operating rooms 1938-1968
[5 folders]

Box 7
General research correspondence, 1957-1960
Research Grant Request, Ultraviolet Radiation in Control of Wound Infections, 1958-1959
Hospital research correspondence, 1959
Correspondence, requests for information and advice, 1958-1964
[3 folders]
Correspondence, Sterilization products, Westinghouse, 1958-1967
Research notes on masks, forms of protection, light, infection, bacteria, and supplies, no date
Photographs, circa [moved to Oversize Materials] 1930-1960
Slides of recommended garments and protection levels provided, circa [moved to Oversize Materials] 1950

Sex Determination Research, 1948-1960
Public Health Research Grant, 1948-1951
Sex ratio studies, 1948-1949
University Research Grant, 1960

Operative Wound Infections, 1941-1963
Surgeries tabulated by procedure, 1941-1958
Summary report, 1959-1963

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Chowan College Board of Advisors, 1964-1975

Contains meeting memoranda, correspondence, and planning materials pertaining to the establishment of an undergraduate nursing education program at Chowan College. While serving on this board, Dr. Hart corresponded with the president of Chowan College, Bruce Whitaker, as well as members of the Board of Trustees.

Box 8
[15 folders]

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Redevelopment Commission of Durham, circa 1960-1973

Contains minutes, maps, plans, and reports.

Meetings and notes, 1966-1968
[5 folders]

Box 9
Meetings and notes, 1969-1973
[11 folders]
Pamphlets and reports, circa 1960-1970

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Hart Residences, 1933-1983

This series contains records pertaining to residential properties owned by the J. Deryl Hart familyhews property: Hart house. Caswell Place, and J.B. Matthews property. Includes records about the conception, construction, and renovation to the first Hart house and surrounding land on Duke University property. Hart house materials include lists, specs, contracts, correspondence, receipts, handwritten notes, and a sketch of a window sill. The architect of the first Hart home, now a home for the Duke University President, was Nelson and Cooper Architects of Raleigh, NC.

Hart house, no date, 1933-1951, 1983
no date, 1983
Contracts, 1933
Improvement and costs list, 1933-1935
1401 Caswell Place, 1948-1964
J.B. Matthews property, 1978

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Personal Materials, no date, 1917-1987

Contains some personal correspondence, calling cards, photographs, programs, certificates, diplomas, scrapbooks, sketches and memorabilia from undergraduate and early medical college years. Clippings and programs contains materials from college years and early medical training. 'House furnishing layout sketches, 1934' has been moved to Oversize Materials.

Family genealogy, 1937-1980
Clippings and programs, 1917-1958
Pneumatic bed invention materials, 1926
Speech of acceptance of the Duke University presidency, 1960
Letter conferring doctor of laws degree upon Dr. Hart, 1964

Box 10
'Julian Deryl Hart,' a report by a schoolchild, no date
Certificates, state and national Associations, no date, 1930-1965
Certificate, doctor of laws, Duke University, 1964
Speech conferring doctor of laws upon Hart from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1962
Photographs, scientific exhibition, circa 1960
Photographs, Hart portraits
Photographs, Hart with groups [one item moved to Oversize Materials]
Dedication of the Hart Pavilion, 1966
Deryl Hart Lectureship remarks by Clarence Gardner, 1964
Committal service and pastoral prayer for Hart's entombment in the Duke Chapel crypt, 1980
Mary and Deryl Hart Distinguished Professor of Surgery, 1987
'The Duke Hospital, an Epic Pome [sic] by Novacaine and a Patient, Unrepressed Edition', no date

Box 11
Certificates and diplomas, Duke University, 1955-1964
Certificate, Southeastern Surgical Congress, 1960
Certificates, State of North Carolina, 1961, 1962, 1986
Letter of gratitude for service to Duke University from William R. Pitts, 1964
Photographs, Hart with Department of Surgery house staff, no date
Variable pressure beds or mattresses patent materials, 1930
Scrapbook, [Mary Johnson Hart Surgical Conference Room], circa 1987
[Contains photographs of Department of Surgery faculty and students, photographs of Hart receiving awards and recognition, composite photographs of chief residents, certificates and clippings.]
Scrapbook, Deryl Hart, 1955
Scrapbook, D.H. , circa 1950-1953
Scrapbook, Deryl Hart, M.D., President, Duke University, 1960-1963 (presented by the Half-Century Club of Duke University), 1963
Scrapbook loose materials, Deryl Hart, M.D., President, Duke University, 1960-1963

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Teaching Slides, circa 1940-1960

Contains boxes of lantern slides used for teaching students in the Duke University Department of Surgery and for making medical case study presentations at grand rounds and association meetings. Contains restricted materials.

Box 12-17

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Oversize Materials

Building Program and Development Funding, 1931-1963, 1974
Surgery and PDC expense funds ledger, 1931-1934

Personal Materials, no date, 1917-1987
House furnishing layout sketches, 1934
[2 folders]

Drawings: Surgery of the Hand, 1928-1929
Box 19
Figure 1 (page 3): Lymphatic palmar surface hand, 1929
Figure 2 (page 5): Lymphatics of the finger
Figure 3 (page 6): Lymphatic collecting trunks on the dorsum of the hand
Figure 6 (page 9): Palmar fascia, left hand, 1929
Figure 8 (page 11): The thenar space
Figure 11a (page 15): Synovial sheaths of the flexor tendons, 1929
Figure 11b (page 15): Synovial sheaths of the flexor tendons, 1929
Figure 11c (page 15): Synovial sheaths of the flexor tendons, 1929
Figure 36 (page 37): Drawing to show a tendon suture
RESTRICTED: Figure 106 (page 129): Drawings showing the operation for a paronychia with a subungal abscess underlying the greater part of the nail, 1928
Figure 115 (page 140): Incision for drainage of an infection of the flexor tendon sheath of the fourth finger, 1929
Figure 116 (page 143): Incision for drainage of the infected ulna bursa and flexor tendon sheath of the little finger, 1929

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Separated Materials

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