|Size:||28.5 linear feet 19 record storage boxes|
|Abstract:||Contains the professional papers of Jay Morris Arena (1909-1996), professor of pediatrics and community health and director of the Duke Poison Control Center. Types of materials include correspondence, reports, minutes, reprints, newsletters, clippings, programs, certificates, photographs, biographical materials, and manuscript materials. Major correspondents include Wilburt Cornell Davison, Atala Davison, Talmage Peele, Thomas Thweatt Jones and members of the Duke Children's Classic advisory group. Major subjects include Duke University Hospital, pediatrics, accidental poisoning in children, poisoning prevention and safety measures, poisoning case studies, treatment of poisoning, poison control centers, American Academy of Pediatrics, Duke Poison Control Center, and pediatrics in China. Materials range in date from 1930 to 1995.|
|Creator:||Arena, Jay M.|
|Repository||Duke University Medical Center Archives|
Information for Users
- Access Restrictions
- Materials are restricted due to presence of personal health information. Contact the Medical Center Archivist to begin the use permissions process.
- Usage Restrictions
- Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
- Preferred Citation
- [Identification of item], Jay M. Arena Papers, Duke University Medical Center Archives.
- Sensitive Materials Statement
- Collections may contain Medical Center Administrative records. These include records of the officers of the University, as defined in the Bylaws, the deans of schools and colleges, and departments, institutes, and other offices as designated by the President. For a period of twenty-five years from the origin of the material, permission in writing from the director of the office of record and the Medical Center Archivist is required for use. After twenty-five years, records that have been processed may be consulted with the permission of the Medical Center Archivist.
- Collection may contain Records of the Board of Trustees of the Duke University Medical Center. These include minutes and supporting documentation of the Board, its Executive Committee, and standing and ad hoc committees, and reports, studies, and the like presented solely to the Board. Records which have been existence for at least fifty years are available for scholarly research with the permission of the Medical Center Archivist. Access to records which have been in existence for less than fifty years shall be granted only by special permission, in writing, of the Medical Center Board of Trustees.
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings and Medical Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collectionsuch as folders or items.
- American Academy of Pediatrics.
- Davison, Atala Thayer Scudder
- Davison, Wilburt Cornell, 1892-1972
- Duke Children's Classic.
- Duke Poison Control Center.
- Duke University--Faculty.
- Duke University. Dept. of Pediatrics.
- Duke University. Hospital.
- Duke University. Medical Center.
- Duke University. School of Medicine.
- Jones, Thomas Thweatt, 1906-
- Peele, Talmage L., 1908-
- Education, Medical
- Pediatrics -- China
- Poison Control Centers
- Poisoning -- Child
- Poisoning--prevention & control
Related Archival Materials note
Wilburt C. Davison Papers.
Duke University Medical Center Archives.
Related Archival Materials note
Duke Poison Control Center Records.
Duke University Medical Center Archives.
Related Archival Materials note
Duke University Medical Center Archives.
Jay Morris Arena was born in Clarksburg, West Virginia on March 3, 1909 to Anthony M. and Rose Sandy Arena. He received degrees from West Virginia University (B.A., 1930) and Duke University (M.D., 1932). Arena interned at Strong Memorial Hospital, Rochester, New York (1932) and later Johns Hopkins Hospital (1932-1933). Arena joined Duke University in 1933 as a resident at Duke Hospital. Following his residency at Duke, he worked at Vanderbilt University as an instructor in pediatrics, but soon returned to Duke University School of Medicine in 1936 to become an assistant, associate, and finally full professor of pediatrics. Arena was the secretary-treasurer of the Duke Medical Alumni Association. In 1970, Arena was also appointed professor of community health sciences. He was a preeminent physician in the field of pediatrics and toxicology and has been credited with beginning the first poison control movement in the country.
In 1953, Arena founded the Duke Poison Control Center. The center, later directed by Shirley K. Osterhout, provided information to individuals and businesses about the product safety and chronic and acute management of poisoning through referrals, correspondence, and educational speakers. Later in the 1950s, Arena went beyond the center to persuade drug companies to develop the childproof safety cap for medicine bottles. Many companies were not interested in changing their product for fear of low sales or reputation of not producing a safe drug. But Arena persisted, and with support from Duke University, convinced a number of drug companies to begin using child-proof safety caps. A major success was in the safety closure for children's aspirin: he helped bring about a reduction in the strength of aspirin as well as in the number of tablets per bottle. As a result, the incidence of aspirin poisoning in children during the early 1980s was reduced from 25 percent to less than 5 percent of all poisoning cases.
Arena's interest in poison prevention was due in part to the influence of Dr. Wilburt C. Davison, long-time School of Medicine dean. During the 1930s, the two men had treated children suffering from the unfortunately common and caustic effects of lye poisoning. They kept a reference file on other types of poisoning. The file eventually led to an inventory of treatments for poisoning and helped to develop the Duke Poison Control Center and more than 600 poison control centers across the United States.
Arena shared his expertise in poison control throughout the United States by founding and presiding over the American Association of Poison Control Centers, an association to share information between health care centers which provided poison control information. He was the chair, vice president and president of many divisions of the American Academy of Pediatrics and president of the North Carolina Pediatric Society. He also served on the advisory board of the Council on Family Health and as a member of that group's delegation to the People's Republic of China. During his trips around China, Arena worked with other medical professionals to access the quality of care and evaluate the effectiveness of some traditional treatments as well as implementation of more modern techniques.
Between 1935 and 1979, Arena published approximately 300 articles and pamphlets on poisoning and a variety of pediatric subjects. He was the author, co-author or editor of many books: Poisoning: Toxicology, Symptoms, Treatment (1970, 1974, 1979, 1986), Child Safety is No Accident: A Parents' Handbook of Emergencies (1978), Dangers to Children and Youth: Accidents, Poison, Prevention (1971), Duke's Mixture: Davison's Saga (1968), The Peril in Plants (1970), Poisoning: Chemistry, Symptoms, Treatment (1963), The Treatment of Poisoning (1966), Davison of Duke: His Reminiscences (1980), Human Poisoning from Native and Cultivated Plants (1969, 1974), Pediatric Therapy (1964, 1975, 1980), and Principles and Practice of Emergency Medicine (1978). He also served on the editorial board of Clinical Pediatrics, Emergency Medicine, Family Practice News, Highlights for Children, Journal of American College of Emergency Physicians, Nutrition Today, Pediatric Annals, and Pediatric News
Arena was appointed to serve with various government agencies. He worked with the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare with the Poison Control Branch of the Bureau of Medicine in the Division of Hazardous Substances and as an advisor on the Committee on Safety for Children. Arena served as an advisor and member of the United States Product Safety Commission and a chair of the Standards Committee of the National Standards Institute. As an advisory expert on the Accidents and Poison Panel of the International Pediatric Association, Arena was frequently called upon to give expert witness testimony in cases of accidental poisoning, prescription medication problems and corporate responsibility in poisoning cases. He was a member of the National Advisory Committee on Consumer Product Safety. Fraternal organizations memberships included Sigma Xi, Phi Beta Kappa, and Alpha Omega Alpha.
Arena retired from Duke University in 1979. The Jay Arena Fund in Pediatric Pharmacology and Toxicology was established in his honor. He was married to Pauline (Polly) Elizabeth Monteith. Together they had seven children. Arena died in 1996.
Scope and Content
Contains correspondence, reports, minutes, reprints, newsletters, clippings, programs, certificates, photographs, biographical materials, and manuscript materials pertaining to the career of Jay Morris Arena. Materials range in date from 1930-1995.Back to Top
Series Quick Links
- American Academy of Pediatrics, 1965-1976
- American Medical Association , 1969-1978
- Davison of Duke Manuscripts Materials, 1932-1980
- Lawsuits, Expert Witness, and Consulting Files, ca. 1970-1980
- Subject Files, 1969-1978
- Reprints and Manuscript Materials, 1935-1985
- American Association of Poison Control Centers, 1965-1971
- Duke Poison Control Center Records, 1965-1979
- Writings and Subject Files, 1972-1974
- American Academy of Pediatrics, 1970-1975
- Council on Family Health and China's Children Manuscript Materials, 1973-1980
- General Subject Files and Correspondence, 1965-1995
- Duke Children's Classic, 1974-1995
- Biographical Materials and Photographs, ca. 1930-1992
American Academy of Pediatrics, 1965-1976
Contains correspondence, subject files, reports, memoranda, notes regarding publications and pamphlets, and minutes pertaining to the American Academy of Pediatrics, of which Jay Arena was a member of the executive board and president.
Internal business affairs, 1970-1978
American Medical Association , 1969-1978
Contains materials pertaining to Arena's participation in various committees of the American Medical Association, particularly the committee working on peer review standards and guidelines for publication.
Davison of Duke Manuscripts Materials, 1932-1980
Contains clippings, correspondence, subject files, and memorabilia pertaining to the career of Wilburt C. Davison, personal relationship between Arena >and Davison, and authorship of the Davison of Duke biography. Correspondence dated 1959-1961 includes letters about Mildred Sherwood. The 1967 correspondence includes letters regarding James Gifford's dissertation on Duke Medical Center History.
Davison correspondence and tribute writings, 1966-1967
Biographical materials and correspondence, 1932-1980
Includes materials pertaining to Reminiscences, edited by Jay Arena and John P. McGovern. Materials include outlines, correspondence, drafts of chapters, writings, clippings, and stipulations regarding use of Davison’s papers.
Lawsuits, Expert Witness, and Consulting Files, ca. 1970-1980
Contains legal documents, expert witness correspondence and testimony, and consultation correspondence regarding various aspects of poisons in use and poisoning cases. Materials in boxes 8 and 9 are ordered by defendant last name.
Subject Files, 1969-1978
Contains correspondence, reports, committee notes, and teaching materials pertaining to Duke Hospital North, Watts Hospital, the Food and Drug Administration, and the Over-the-Counter Drug Products Review Panel.
Reprints and Manuscript Materials, 1935-1985
American Association of Poison Control Centers, 1965-1971
Contains general administrative notes and correspondence pertaining to the operation of the association and the establishment of regional poison control centers.
Duke Poison Control Center Records, 1965-1979
Contains correspondence, grants, reports, lecture materials, slides, and subject files pertaining to the operation and history of the Duke Poison Control Center. Subject files are mostly organized by poisoning agent.
Duke Poison Control Center Poisoning cases and subject files
Writings and Subject Files, 1972-1974
Contains short writings, correspondence and subject files pertaining mostly to families and poisoning cases. Includes materials related to support and advocacy groups, insurance companies, and distribution of educational information.
American Academy of Pediatrics, 1970-1975
Contains materials pertaining to television programming, legislation, and subjects of concern to the American Academy of Pediatrics. Significant to this series is the Action for Children's Television materials which document the portrayal of children and their interactions with poisons and medication on television.
Council on Family Health and China's Children Manuscript Materials, 1973-1980
Contains diaries, writings, clippings, correspondence, and manuscript materials pertaining to Arena's trip to China as a member of the Medical Delegation of the Council on Family Health. The purpose of the trip to China was to discover current practices in pediatric care, parental and school roles in health care for children, and to learn more about alternative treatments.
General Subject Files and Correspondence, 1965-1995
Contains alphabetical subject files pertaining to poison control associations, corporations and safety packaging, and books and periodicals as vehicles for poison prevention education.
Duke Children's Classic, 1974-1995
Contains correspondence, programs, budgets, photographs, and memorabilia of the Duke Children’s Classic golf tournaments (formerly known as Duke Celebrity Golf, Duke Celebrity Pro-Am, and the Children’s Cancer Classic) from 1974 to 1995.
Biographical Materials and Photographs, ca. 1930-1992
Contains materials pertaining to various professional activities and personal interests of Jay Arena.
"A2007-083: Negatives, Arena era" have been moved to the Photograph Collection and filed under "Arena, Jay M," "Medicine, Dept. of," and "Medicine, School of, students, class photographs."