Stead, Eugene A., Papers, 1929-1999

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Collection Number: MC.0024
Eugene A. Stead Papers, 1929-1999

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Duke Medical Center Archives in Durham, N.C. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


Collection Overview

Size: 9.0 linear feet 4 record storage boxes; 1 oversize box
Abstract: Contains the professional papers of Eugene Anson Stead, former professor and chair of the Department of Medicine at Duke University School of Medicine. Types of materials include correspondence, subject files, grant materials, writings, speeches, manuscript materials, certificates, awards, photographs, clippings, and audiotapes. Also includes manuscript materials created by John Laszlo based on interviews with Stead and photographs created and used by Barton F. Haynes as editor of Stead's memoirs, A Way of Thinking: A Primer on the Art of Being a Doctor. Major subjects include the Duke University School of Medicine, the Department of Medicine, study and teaching of medicine, medical ethics, medical education, and education of physician assistants. Materials range in date from 1929 to 1999.
Creator: Stead, Eugene A.
Language: English
Repository Duke University Medical Center Archives
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Information for Users

Access Restrictions
This collection may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, including the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals or IRB approval may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which Duke University assumes no responsibility.
Materials in Series 12 must be screened for sensitive or confidential information before they can be accessed.
Usage Restrictions
Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], Eugene A. Stead Papers, Duke University Medical Center Archives.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Collections may contain Medical Center Administrative records. These include records of the officers of the University, as defined in the Bylaws, the deans of schools and colleges, and departments, institutes, and other offices as designated by the President. For a period of twenty-five years from the origin of the material, permission in writing from the director of the office of record and the Medical Center Archivist is required for use. After twenty-five years, records that have been processed may be consulted with the permission of the Medical Center Archivist.
Collection may contain Records of the Board of Trustees of the Duke University Medical Center. These include minutes and supporting documentation of the Board, its Executive Committee, and standing and ad hoc committees, and reports, studies, and the like presented solely to the Board. Records which have been existence for at least fifty years are available for scholarly research with the permission of the Medical Center Archivist. Access to records which have been in existence for less than fifty years shall be granted only by special permission, in writing, of the Medical Center Board of Trustees.
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Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings and Medical Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collectionsuch as folders or items.

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Related Collections


Biographical Information

Eugene Anson Stead, Jr. was born in Georgia in 1908. He received his undergraduate and medical degrees from Emory University (B.S., 1928; M.D., 1932) and interned at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston (1934-1937). He was a resident at the Cincinnati General Hospital (1935-1936) and held a faculty position at Harvard University (1938-1941) and the Boston City Hospital prior to becoming the youngest person to chair the Department of Medicine at Emory University (1942). He was named dean of the School of Medicine at Emory University in 1946, but left one year later to become professor of medicine and chair of the Department of Medicine (1947-1967) at Duke University.

Stead was widely known for having established the physician assistant training program at Duke University in 1965. In the 1950s, Duke Hospital faced an increased demand for services and a shortage of all types of nursing and allied health personnel. Stead, then chair of the Department of Medicine, envisioned a physician's assistant as a way to provide clinical support to physicians and to allow them to leave their practices to pursue continuing education opportunities. His experience running Emory's Grady Hospital during World War II had convinced him that residents and medical students could be trained to help doctors in patient care. Stead recruited the first students to begin the program at Duke University. The two-year program supplied physicians with knowledgeable personnel who could help meet the growing demand for their services.

As a local and national leader, Stead held many distinguished posts, including president of the American Society for Clinical Investigation and the Association of American Physicians, founding member of the National Academy of Sciences Institute of Medicine, chairman of the American Heart Association's Ethics Committee, honorary fellow of the American College of Cardiology, and editor of Medical Times, Circulation, and the North Carolina Medical Journal. Some of Stead's published works included Just Say for Me (1968), The Future of Medical Education (1973), The Greater Medical Profession (1972), E. A. Stead, Jr.: What This Patient Needs is a Doctor (1978), Brain Sorting (1983), A Way of Thinking: A Primer on the Art of Being a Doctor (1995), and A Way of Working: Essays on the Practice of Medicine (2001).

Among numerous honors, Stead received the John M. Russell Award of the Markle Foundation, the American College of Physicians Distinguished Teacher Award, the Association of American Medical Colleges' Abraham Flexner Award for Distinguished Service to Medical Education, the Gold Heart Award from the American Heart Association, the Kober Medal from the Association of American Physicians, and the Rodman E. and Thomas G. Sheen Award. Stead also received the Medical Alumni Association's Distinguished Teacher Award, which is now known as the Distinguished Faculty Award. Emory and Yale University have conferred honorary degrees upon him. In 2003, Stead received the William G. Anlyan, M.D. Lifetime Achievement Award from Duke Medical Alumni Association.

Stead continued to teach and practice at Duke University Medical Center and Durham's Veterans Affairs Medical Center through the mid-1980s. Dr. Stead died in 2005.

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Scope and Content

Contains the professional papers of Eugene Anson Stead, former professor and chair of the Department of Medicine at Duke University School of Medicine. Types of materials include correspondence, subject files, grant materials, writings, speeches, manuscript materials, certificates, awards, photographs, clippings, and audiotapes. Also includes manuscript materials created by John Laszlo based on interviews with Stead and photographs created and used by Barton F. Haynes as editor of Stead's memoirs, A Way of Thinking: A Primer on the Art of Being a Doctor. Major subjects include the Duke University School of Medicine, the Department of Medicine, study and teaching of medicine, medical ethics, medical education, and education of physician assistants.

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Contents list

Series Quick Links

Correspondence, 1946-1991

Contains primarily correspondence reflecting Stead's work as a physician at Duke University, grant recipient, inventor, writer and editor of many scholarly publications, and international expert on internal medicine. Also includes some family correspondence.


General correspondence
Box 1
1950-1959
1960-1964
1965-1969
1970-1974
1975-1979
1980-1984
August 1985-December 1985
January 1985-July 1985
1986
July 1987-December 1987
January 1987-June 1987
August 1988-December 1988
January 1988-July 1988
1989
1990
1991
undated

Box 1
Aging and Death, 1978-1988
American Heart Association, 1951-1981
American Medical Association, 1970-1971
Biostatistics/Epidemiology, 1974, 1980
Coming to Duke, 1946-1948
Committees, 1980
Death with Dignity, 1971, 1976
Department of Computer Science, 1970-1972
Duke University School of Medicine, 1952-1983
Evolution of Physician Assistant Concept at Duke University, 1964-1977
Gryphon Editions, 1977-1985
Health Manpower Issues, 1967
Health Systems Computing, 1968-1981
Health Systems Computing - Computer Textbook of Medicine, Prudential Foundation grant, 1975-1979
House Staff Training, 1956-1981

Insurance
Box 1
1981
1982-1983
1984-1985

Box 1
Krill, Karl E., 1970

Box 1
Medical Education, 1958-1977
Methodist Retirement Home, 1976-1979

North Carolina Medical Journal
Box 1
1982-1983
1986-1990

Physician Assistant Program
Box 1
1964-1972
1973-1985

Box 1
Revson Foundation, 1980
Rippel gift (computerized textbook of medicine), 1970-1977

Box 2
Technology Education Network, 1985-1988
Veterans Administration, 1963-1985
Wise, Harold, 1979, 1982

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Subject Files, 1946-1991

Contains research notes, memoranda, reports and writings pertaining to professional interests of Eugene A. Stead. Major subject in this series are computer technology in medical research and diagnosis, physician’s insurance, aging and end of life ethics and directive, North Carolina Medical Society, physician assistants, and the Myocardial Infarction Unit at Duke University. Also included in this series is a grant proposal for a mobile restraint device, intended to help patients become mobile more quickly following surgery. Contains some correspondence, although most correspondence is located in Series 1.


Box 2
Aging and Death, 1978
Cardiovascular and Respiratory Physiology Grant, 1946-1968
Death with Dignity, 1957-1971
Ethics Questions, 1987
Examination, 1960

Health Systems Computing
Box 2
Lister Hill Center Report, 1970
Clinical Trial Database, 1972
Computer Textbook of Medicine, Prudential Foundation Grant, 1975-1981
"Computerized Data for Doctor Treating Chronic Illnesses," 1976
Final Report, 1977
"A Medical Database Approach to Evaluate Technology," 1979-1982

Box 2
Hickam, John, 1970
House Staff Training, circa 1960-1968
Insurance, circa 1981-1984

Medical Alumni Weekend
Box 2
1978
1985

Box 2
Mobile Restraint/Ambulatory Support Technology for Independent Living, 1978-1983
Mobile Restraint System Grant Materials, 1982-1984

North Carolina Medical Society
Box 2
1982-1985
1989
1990-1991

Box 2
Physician Assistants Program, circa 1970-1986
Public and Private Enterprises, 1980-1981
Stead Electronic Journal
Technology Education Network, 1985-1987
Veterans Administration, 1978-1983

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Associations, 1950-1985


Box 2
American Federation of Aging Research, 1981-1985
American Society for Clinical Investigation, 1951-1959, 1981, 1984
Association of American Physicians, 1950-1955, 1970-1974
Davison Club, 1979-1981
Institute of Medicine, 1970-1980
National Academy of Medicine proposal, 1969-1970
National Library of Medicine Board of Regents, 1978-1985
Southern Society for Clinical Investigation, 1961-1980

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Conferences and Speeches, 1968-1988


Box 2
Programs and Agendas, General, 1968-1987
General, 1982-1984
General, 1986-1988
Eugene A. Stead, Jr., Symposium, 1968
Dying/Death with Dignity panel, 1971-1973
Macy Conference on Premedical Preparation and Medical School Admissions, 1980
Medical Practice Information Demonstration Project, 1980
American Medical Association Annual Conference on CME, 1981
Paley Lecture, 1981-1982
Alpha Omega Alpha, 1982
Ohio State University Presentation, 1984
Rovenstine Lecture, 1984
Samuel L. Crow Lecture, 1984
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 1984-1985
Wood Institute, 1986
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 1986
Atlanta Medical Historical Society, 1987
Emory University and North Carolina Chapter of American College of Physicians, 1986-1988

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Writings, 1930-1999


Box 2
Editorial board of Current Diagnosis 7, 1982-1984

Article Reprints
Box 2
1941-1947
1950-1959
1961-1969
1970-1978
1980-1989

Box 3
1930-1939
1940-1949
1950-1959
1960-1969
1970-1979
1980-1989
1990-1994
1995-1999
undated
"Editor's Page," Medical Times, 1966-1970

Box 3
Newsletter to former staff, Department of Medicine, 1959-1967

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Interviews, 1987-1993

Contains correspondence, notes, transcripts of interviews, and a reprint. Interview transcripts contain viewpoints and records of activities not found elsewhere in this collection. The Laszlo interview, done over the period of one year, was published as "The Doctor's Doctor: A Biography of Eugene A. Stead Jr., MD" in 2006. All materials, except for the Laszlo manuscript, from this series have been transferred to the Oral History Collection.


Box 3
Box 3 - item moved to OH collection
Paul C. Hendrix, reprint of interview, 1987

Box 3 - item moved to OH collection
Russell C. Maulitz, transcript, undated

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Personal Materials, 1930-1995


Box 3
Correspondence, 1949-1979
Family, undated
Health Innovations, Inc., 1982
Kerr-Buggs Island Lake Protective Association, 1976-1977
Medical registrations and licenses, 1944, 1947, 1992-1995
Newsclippings, circa 1951-circa 1982
Thesis, Emory University, The Normal Electrocardiogram, 1930

Oversize 1
90th birthday poster from Catholic Medical Center of Brooklyn and Queens, New York, 1998

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Certificates and Awards, 1941-1984

Contains certificates, plaques, and coins in recognition of Stead’s dedication to many professional projects and organizations. Routine Practices: Medical Services of the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital is a signed photocopy of the cover presented to Dr. Stead.


Box 4
Certificates, 1920s-1940s
Certificates, 1950s-1960s
Certificates, 1970s-1980s
Certificates, undated, 1990s-2000s
American Academy of Physician Assistants, 1984
American College of Cardiology, 1967
American Heart Association James B. Herrick Award, 1970
City of Medicine Award, 1988
Dinner in honor of Eugene Anson Stead, Jr., 1968
Duke Medical Alumni Awards Banquet, 1974
Golden Apple Awards, 1963
Kober Medal, 1980
North Carolina Medical Society, 1991
St. Francis Hospital, 1968
Book of letters and memorabilia, from colleagues of Stead, 1976
Routine Practices: Medical Services of the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, 23 June 1965

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China Trip, 1973


Box 4
Preliminary Report
Scrapbook
Scrapbook, loose materials
Travel Diary

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Photographs, 1937-1990s

Contains photographs of Dr. Eugene A. Stead, Jr., and colleagues. Individuals include M. A. Blankenhorn, Mort Bogdonoff, Joseph C. Greenfield, John Hickam, Judy Swain, James V. Warren, Soma Weiss, Barton Haynes, and James Wyngaarden.


Box 4
Portraits of Stead
Stead and groups
Peter Bent Brigham Hospital/Cincinnati General Hospital, 1937-1942
Grady Hospital Staff, 1943-1946
Duke University Hospital Staff, undated, 1964
House Staff Shows, circa 1950-1951
Other groups
Honoraria and memorabilia, 1957-1971, undated
Yale University, honorary D.Sc., 1971
Individuals
Portraits and Plaques (negatives), undated

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A2005-008: A Way of Thinking: A Primer on the Art of Being a Doctor photographs, (bulk 1995), 1929-1995

Contains photographs taken of Eugene A. Stead, wife Evelyn Stead, the Stead's home, Stead's colleagues, and of his son William Stead. Also includes some photographs of Barton F. Haynes (former chair of the Department of Medicine), William Stead, and Eugene A. Stead together. Also includes Stead with staff or patients at Duke University, Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, and Emory University. Selected photographs were used by Haynes as editor of Eugene A. Stead's memoirs, A Way of Thinking: A Primer on the Art of Being a Doctor (1995). Folders 6 and 7 contain various sizes of negatives, which were labeled by the donor to correspond with prints. All photograph prints are black and white unless otherwise noted.


Box 4
Eugene A. Stead portraits (Stead alone, not with group)
Eugene A. Stead, Evelyn Stead, and Barton F. Haynes
Eugene A. Stead, Evelyn Stead, and Barton F. Haynes
[Contains color photographs.]
Eugene A. Stead with academic groups
Eugene A. Stead, William Stead, and Barton F. Haynes
Negatives, 35mm strips
Negatives, other sizes
Colleagues and pioneers in medicine

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Patient Correspondence and General Files, 1954-1988

This series contains patient correspondence pertaining to patients, expert witness files, and personnel. Patient and expert witness file correspondence provide insight into Stead's investigative and diagnostic practices of as a physician. Contains mainly correspondence with other physicians, and some patient correspondence. Correspondence mainly concerns evaluation, diagnosis, and responses to treatment of cardiac ailments. Ordered alphabetically and by date.

Materials in this series must be screened for sensitive or confidential information before they can be accessed.


Box 4
Correspondence: Expert witness files, 1977
Correspondence: Expert witness files, 1980
Correspondence: Expert witness files, 1982-late 1980s
Correspondence: Patient Correspondence, other, 1981, 1987
Correspondence: Personnel matters, 1954-1955
Correspondence: Search Committee for Chancellor for Health Affairs, 1988

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Separated Materials


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