Highland Hospital Papers, 1934 - 1980

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Collection Number: AR.0011
Highland Hospital Papers, 1934 - 1980

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Duke Medical Center Archives in Durham, N.C. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.

Collection Overview

Size: 3.5 linear feet 2 record storage boxes; 1 document case
Abstract: Highland Hospital was a residential psychiatric hospital located in Asheville, N.C. and partly operated by Duke University from 1944 through 1980. Collection contains agreements, deeds, sketches, newsletters, correspondence, brochures, publications, invitations, programs, and financial statements. Major subjects in this collection include Robert S. Carroll, Richard S. Lyman, and the Duke University Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences.
Creator: Highland Hospital (Asheville, N.C.) .
Language: English
Repository Duke University Medical Center Archives
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Information for Users

Access Restrictions
Portions of this collection may be restricted.
Copyright Notice
Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], Highland Hospital papers, Duke University Medical Center Archives.
Acquisitions Information
Acquired; circa 1975-1980
Sensitive Materials Statement
Collections may contain Medical Center Administrative records. These include records of the officers of the University, as defined in the Bylaws, the deans of schools and colleges, and departments, institutes, and other offices as designated by the President. For a period of twenty-five years from the origin of the material, permission in writing from the director of the office of record and the Medical Center Archivist is required for use. After twenty-five years, records that have been processed may be consulted with the permission of the Medical Center Archivist.
Collection may contain Records of the Board of Trustees of the Duke University Medical Center. These include minutes and supporting documentation of the Board, its Executive Committee, and standing and ad hoc committees, and reports, studies, and the like presented solely to the Board. Records which have been existence for at least fifty years are available for scholarly research with the permission of the Medical Center Archivist. Access to records which have been in existence for less than fifty years shall be granted only by special permission, in writing, of the Medical Center Board of Trustees.
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Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings and Medical Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collectionsuch as folders or items.

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Historical Info

Highland Hospital, founded in 1904, was a residential psychiatric hospital located in Asheville, N.C. The hospital was planned to consist of several buildings, each equipped to serve the needs of parts of the patient population. The hospital advertised itself as "an institution employing all rational methods in the treatment of nervous habit, and mental cases: especially emphasizing the natural curative agents -- rest, climate, water, diet, work, and play". Staff also treated drug and alcohol abuse cases.

The hospital was gifted to Duke University in 1939 by Robert Sproul Carroll. With that gift and the appropriation of $175,000 on January 19, 1940 by the Rockefeller Foundation, the Department of Neuropsychiatry at Duke University (now the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences) was established on September 1, 1940 by Richard S. Lyman. Early directorship of Highland Hospital included both Robert S. Carroll (medical director) and Richard S. Lyman (professor of psychiatry), a business manager, and a secretary-treasurer. Ten resident physicians were employed as psychotherapists, nurses, dieticians, avocational therapists, occupational therapists, and attendants. Over one-hundred other workers handled other duties. During the 1940s, members of Duke University School of Medicine faculty worked as members of the staff at Highland Hospital (Asheville, N.C.). Duke University assumed directorship of Highland Hospital in 1944 from its founder, Dr. Robert S. Carroll.

Around 1944, Highland Hall, Central Building, Oak Lodge, and Brushwood Bungalow were all available for patients. Patient room and suites were located within Highland Hall. The Central Bulding contained an assembly hall, hydrotherapy and culinary departments, offices, and examination/treatment rooms. Oak Lodge was created mainly for male patients: it offered a large clubroom, woodsy views, and large porches. Brushwood Bungalow was intended for patients to occupy private, exclusive suites. An on-site greenhouse was touted for its usefulness in therapy: "groups find instructive and satistfying occupation in planting and caring for growing beauty, and in the pleasure elicited among the hospital family by the colorful, fragrant products of their labor". The Homewood offered a place for convalescing patients to receive special education and close observation.

Highland Hospital functioned as an exclusive treatment center for privileged Americans, including some celebrities. In 1980, Highland Hospital was sold by Duke University to Psychiatric Institutes of America.

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Contents list

Series Quick Links

Financial and Historical Records, 1934-1980

Box 1
Legal Proceedings and correspondence regarding purchase, 1938-1945
Resolutions, signatures, property appraisals, 1939-1953
Appraisal, 1956
Insurance Policies, Correspondence, 1949-1952
Certificate of Incorporation, 2-May-44
Information for patients and families, ca. 1946
Clippings, 1946-1951
History of Highland Hospital, ca. 1944
Announcement of Partnership with Duke University, 1 Sept. 1944
Financial, Legal, and Insurance Records, ca. 1944-1955

Financial Statements,
circa 1938-1944
Board Meeting Minutes, 1944-1954
Certified Public Accountants Reports, 1939-1948
Legal Correspondence, Proceedings Regarding 1948 Fire, 1949
Carroll-Potter Building Construction, Equipment Corres., 1954-1955
Dedication Service for Carroll-Potter Hall, Invitation and Progr., 1955
Correspondence regarding fire safety, 1948
Commemorative Programs, 1934-1944
Highland Hospital Magazine, 1972-1973
Brochure-Residency Training Program in Psychiatry, Duke U., 1973
Statement Regarding Sale by Duke Univ., 1980
Sale by Duke University to Psychiatric Institutes of America, 1980-1981

Box 2
"Comparative Operating Statements", 1939-1946
Correspondence, A.S. Brower, 1944-1946
Correspondence, B.T. Bennett, 1945-1946
Correspondence, B.T. Bennett, 1947-1948
Miscellaneous correspondence, 1944-1948
Highland Hospital Budgets, 1946-1948
Correspondence between A.S. Brower, C.B. Markham, and others 1949-1952
Correspondence, Sarah Sheffler, 1945-1953
Building Plans and Correspondence, 1948-1958
Business Manager, H.F. MacFayden correspondence, 1948-1951
Correspondence, Robert S. Carroll, 1944-1947

Correspondence, R. Charman Carroll
Rumbough Property Title Transfer, Corres., Photographs, 1950-1952
Miscellaneous Financial Records, 1939-1956

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Acquisitions and Sale Records, 1939-1980

Box 3
Agreement between Broughton Hospital and Highland Hospital, 1975
Appraisal of Highland Hospital, August 1978
Appraisal report of Highland Hospital, October 1978
Blueprints and sketches
Building summary and plans
Correspondence, 1978-1979
Deeds, 1939-1959
Highland Hospital Joint Commission statements of construction, 1979
Indenture, 1939
Negotiation, appraisal materials, separated, ca. 1980
Newsletters, 1972-1978

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