|Size:||31.5 linear feet 18 record storage boxes; 2 oversize boxs|
|Abstract:||Contains the personal and professional papers of J. Deryl Hart, chair of the Department of Surgery at Duke University from 1930 to 1960, and president of Duke University from 1960 to 1963. Major subjects include Chowan College, Duke University Medical Center, the Duke Private Diagnostic Clinic, surgical wound infection, medical hospitals, history of teaching medical schools, and history of surgery in North Carolina. Types of materials include personal and professional correspondence, memorabilia, certificates, diplomas, scrapbooks, photographs, speeches, lectures, addresses, clippings, sketches, reprints, ledgers, lantern slides, subject files, and committee materials. Materials range in date from 1916 to 1987.|
|Creator:||Hart, Deryl, b. 1894|
|Repository||Duke University Medical Center Archives|
Information for Users
- Access Restrictions
- The Teaching Slides series of this collection contains personal health information. Contact the Archivist for information about access.
- Usage Restrictions
- Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
- Preferred Citation
- [Identification of item], J. Deryl Hart papers and records, Duke University Medical Center Archives.
- Acquisitions Information
- Acquired; circa 1977
- Sensitive Materials Statement
- Collections may contain Medical Center Administrative records. These include records of the officers of the University, as defined in the Bylaws, the deans of schools and colleges, and departments, institutes, and other offices as designated by the President. For a period of twenty-five years from the origin of the material, permission in writing from the director of the office of record and the Medical Center Archivist is required for use. After twenty-five years, records that have been processed may be consulted with the permission of the Medical Center Archivist.
- Collection may contain Records of the Board of Trustees of the Duke University Medical Center. These include minutes and supporting documentation of the Board, its Executive Committee, and standing and ad hoc committees, and reports, studies, and the like presented solely to the Board. Records which have been existence for at least fifty years are available for scholarly research with the permission of the Medical Center Archivist. Access to records which have been in existence for less than fifty years shall be granted only by special permission, in writing, of the Medical Center Board of Trustees.
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings and Medical Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collectionsuch as folders or items.
- Chowan College.
- Duke University -- Presidents.
- Duke University--Faculty.
- Duke University. Medical Center. Dept. of Surgery.
- Duke University. Medical Center.
- Duke University. Private Diagnostic Clinic.
- Duke University. School of Medicine.
- Education, Medical
- Hospitals, teaching -- history -- North Carolina
- Lantern slides
- Ledgers (account books)
- Physicians -- North Carolina
- Schools, Medical -- history -- North Carolina
- Surgery -- history -- North Carolina
- Surgical Wound Infection
Julian Deryl Hart was born in Buena Vista, Ga. in 1894 and was raised on a plantation of several hundred acres in Taylor County, Ga. He matriculated at Emory University, where he distinguished himself in mathematics and speech, compiling the best record in math over four years of any student. During his senior year, he decided to become a doctor. He remained at Emory beyond his 1916 graduation (A.B) to receive a master's degree in mathematics (1917). Hart chose to attend the The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He was selected by Dr. William Stewart Halsted to join the surgical training program, where he made his highest grade in medicine. After earning his degree in 1921 (M.D.), he served at Johns Hopkins Hospital as intern (1921-1922), assistant in pathology (1922-1923), instructor in surgery (1923-1929), assistant resident in surgery and surgical pathology (1923-1927), resident surgeon (1927-1929), and associate surgeon (1929-1930). While a resident, he authored Surgery of the Hand, a text in the Practice of Surgery series (edited by Dean Lewis).
In 1928, Wilburt C. Davison, dean of the Duke University School of Medicine, approached Hart to become professor of surgery and first chair of the Department of Surgery in the Duke University School of Medicine and Hospital. In 1928, Hart joined Duke, a school in the process of building a national reputation. Dr. Hart placed emphasis on achieving excellence in patient care and teaching by integrating research with development. Through this philosophy, he laid the foundation for a model system of integrating the fundamental missions of academic medical centers: patient care, education, research and administration. During his tenure as chair, Dr. Hart expected faculty members to assume major clinical and teaching responsibilities and to pursue laboratory research. He recruited the founding members of the surgical faculty and established Duke's surgery residency.
Soon after assembling a core group of practitioners, Hart saw a way to provide patient services more efficiently. In 1932, with Frederic M. Hanes and the cooperation of other members of the clinical faculty, Hart implemented a private diagnostic clinic plan. Under the plan, physicians would share clinics with examining rooms, a patient waiting room, and a central office. An office staff managed clerical work and lab technicians conducted tests, hence freeing doctors to see more patients. Duke's Private Diagnostic Clinic not only provided coordinated medical and surgical care to private patients with moderate incomes, but it allowed members of the medical faculty to contribute a portion of their earnings toward the continued excellence of medicine at Duke. The private diagnostic clinic model was subsequently employed at other healthcare institutions around the country.
Hart's innovation was evident both in administration and research. In the 1920s, Hart worked on several patents for equipment to improve patient care. His inventions included a pneumatic bed, a surgical basin and support (for clean rooms), an operating room supply table, and variable pressure beds (or air mattresses) to ease bed sores. At Duke, Hart led plans to create a surgical instrument shop which would meet Duke's needs for specialized medical tools and instruments.
Dr. Hart was also credited with originating the use of ultraviolet radiation to control airborne infections in surgical operating rooms (1936), a technique that became widely accepted across the country. This procedure dramatically reduced the number of infections and related deaths and won national acclaim in the late 1930s and early 1940s. Also in 1949, Hart and Dr. James Moody claimed national attention for their work on changing the male-female ratio in litters of rats. Relating their results to human experience, they suggested that it made a difference, in terms of sex determination, how early in the period of fertility an egg was fertilized. For many years after this work was published, Dr. Hart served, often informally, as a counselor to childless couples or couples desiring a child of a certain sex.
In 1960, Hart became president of Duke University, the fourth man to be elevated from within the institution. Hart organized the provost group to share in governance of the university; guided the adoption of new bylaws that replaced the University Council with our present faculty legislature, the Academic Council; expanded the role of the University Planning Committee; and significantly redefined the responsibilities of the offices of Institutional Advancement, Development, Business, Legal Counsel, Registrar, Undergraduate Admissions and Architect. During his three-year tenure, the number of distinguished professorships doubled and faculty salaries increased. Hart's administration was also responsible for amending the admissions policy to affirm equality of opportunity regardless of race, creed or national origin.
Outside of Duke University, Hart held offices with the American College of Surgeons, Southern Surgical Association, Southern Society of Clinical Surgeons, and the Durham-Orange County Medical Society. He was also director of the Durham Bank and Trust Company, member of the Corporation of Research Triangle Institute and the Research Triangle Foundation of North Carolina, American Association of Thoracic Surgery, Society of University Surgeons, American Medical Association, International Surgical Association, Nu Sigma Nu, Phi Beta Kappa, Alpha Omega Alpha, Sigma Xi, Durham Rotary Club (N.C.), and fellow of the American College of Surgeons. Other honors include an honorary doctorate from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (1929).
Dr. Hart married Mary Johnson Hart in July 1932 in Raleigh, in a ceremony recognized as 'the social event of the year.' The Harts had their home built at the corner of Duke University Road and N.C. 751. Over the years, dozens of Duke medical and divinity students lived in the Harts' house, staying in a backyard building that had been converted from an old chicken coop. After Dr. Hart died in 1980, Mrs. Hart served as honorary chairwoman of the Duke University Founder's Society, which was formed to recognize individuals, foundations, and corporations that made endowment gifts to the University. Mrs. Hart died in 2000.
Scope and Content
Organized into the following series: Correspondence, 1916-1975; Department of Surgery and the Private Diagnostic Clinic, circa 1930-1968, no date; Building Program and Development Funding, 1961-1963, 1974; Subject File, 1956-1976; Addresses, Speeches and Lectures, 1952-1957; Professional Organizations, 1952-1975; Clinical Research, circa 1938-1975; Chowan College Board of Advisors, 1964-1975; Redevelopment Commission of Durham, circa 1955-1973; Hart Residences, 1933-1983; Personal Materials, 1917-1987, no date; Teaching Slides, circa 1940-1960; Oversize Materials.Back to Top
Series Quick Links
- Correspondence, 1916-1975
- Department of Surgery and the Private Diagnostic Clinic, no date, circa 1930-1970
- Building Program and Development Funding, 1931-1963, 1974
- Subject File, 1956-1975
- Addresses, Speeches and Lectures, 1952-1973, no date
- Professional Organizations, 1953-1975
- Clinical Research, circa 1930-1975
- Chowan College Board of Advisors, 1964-1975
- Redevelopment Commission of Durham, circa 1960-1973
- Hart Residences, 1933-1983
- Personal Materials, no date, 1917-1987
- Teaching Slides, circa 1940-1960
- Oversize Materials
Contains Hart's personal correspondence with family (mostly with sister Mary Hart) or friends and general Duke-related correspondence with colleagues. Also contains correspondence pertains to homes and property in Durham, N.C. and Roaring Gap, N.C.
Department of Surgery and the Private Diagnostic Clinic, no date, circa 1930-1970
Contains materials pertaining to the management and administration of the Department of Surgery and Private Diagnostic Clinic, which had many staff members in common.
Private Diagnostic Clinic Administration, no date, 1930-1968
Divisions of the Department of Surgery, circa 1952-1962
Building Program and Development Funding, 1931-1963, 1974
Hospital addition includes plans, correspondence, statistics pertaining to bed use. Other folders contain information pertaining to the Private Diagnostic Clinic's financial contribution to building funds for the medical center, outpatient needs, staffing needs, and funding sources. The 'Hospital beds and cross wing file' includes a narrative by Deryl Hart. The funds ledgers has been moved to Oversize Materials.
Subject File, 1956-1975
Contains subjects and correspondence pertaining to academic administration of the Department of Surgery and various committees within the Duke University Medical Center.
Addresses, Speeches and Lectures, 1952-1973, no date
Professional Organizations, 1953-1975
Clinical Research, circa 1930-1975
Ultraviolet Radiation, circa , no date 1938-1975
Container articles, catalogs, illustrations, news clippings, and reprints pertaining to Dr. Hart's research on cleanliness, physician and nursing dress, sterilization, lighting equipment, and bacteria development in the operating room environment. Photographs include scientific exhibits, operating rooms, surgical and nursing clothing, and apparatus. 'Photographs, circa 1930-1960' and 'Slides of recommended garments and protection levels provided' have been moved to Oversize Materials.
Sex Determination Research, 1948-1960
Operative Wound Infections, 1941-1963
Chowan College Board of Advisors, 1964-1975
Contains meeting memoranda, correspondence, and planning materials pertaining to the establishment of an undergraduate nursing education program at Chowan College. While serving on this board, Dr. Hart corresponded with the president of Chowan College, Bruce Whitaker, as well as members of the Board of Trustees.
Redevelopment Commission of Durham, circa 1960-1973
Contains minutes, maps, plans, and reports.
Hart Residences, 1933-1983
This series contains records pertaining to residential properties owned by the J. Deryl Hart familyhews property: Hart house. Caswell Place, and J.B. Matthews property. Includes records about the conception, construction, and renovation to the first Hart house and surrounding land on Duke University property. Hart house materials include lists, specs, contracts, correspondence, receipts, handwritten notes, and a sketch of a window sill. The architect of the first Hart home, now a home for the Duke University President, was Nelson and Cooper Architects of Raleigh, NC.
Hart house, no date, 1933-1951, 1983
Personal Materials, no date, 1917-1987
Contains some personal correspondence, calling cards, photographs, programs, certificates, diplomas, scrapbooks, sketches and memorabilia from undergraduate and early medical college years. Clippings and programs contains materials from college years and early medical training. 'House furnishing layout sketches, 1934' has been moved to Oversize Materials.
Teaching Slides, circa 1940-1960
Contains boxes of lantern slides used for teaching students in the Duke University Department of Surgery and for making medical case study presentations at grand rounds and association meetings. Contains restricted materials.
Clinical Research, circa 1930-1975
Building Program and Development Funding, 1931-1963, 1974
Personal Materials, no date, 1917-1987
Drawings: Surgery of the Hand, 1928-1929
Duke University Medical Center architectural plans, proposals, blueprints, 1940-1964. Twenty-six items have been transferred to the Medical Center Engineering and Operations records.