Baker, Lenox D., Papers, 1930-1976

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Collection Number: MC.0004
Lenox D. Baker Papers, 1930 - 1976

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Duke Medical Center Archives in Durham, N.C. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


Collection Overview

Size: 14.0 linear feet 28 document cases
Abstract: Lenox D. Baker graduated as part of Duke University School of Medicine's first graduating class in 1932. He came back to Duke in 1937 and became the chief of the Division of Orthopaedics, a position he held until 1967. He helped establish the North Carolina Cerebral Palsy Hospital and served as its medical director until 1972. Dr. Baker was a founding member and later president of the North Carolina Orthopaedic Association. The collection contains the administrative and personal papers of Dr. Lenox D. Baker, which includes correspondence, photographs, and articles. The bulk of the material is related to his work as chief of Duke University's Division of Orthopaedics at Duke University and his role in various clinics, professional societies such as the North Carolina Orthopaedic society, and work his work at the Cerebral Palsy Hospital. There are also materials regarding politics and elections, including Dr. Baker's support for various candidates. Other subjects within this collection are the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and the American Orthopaedic Association.
Creator: Baker, Lenox D.
Language: English
Repository Duke University Medical Center Archives
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Information for Users

Access Restrictions
This collection may contain material with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, including the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals or IRB approval may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which Duke University assumes no responsibility.
Copyright Notice
Copyright for Official University records is held by Duke University; all other copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], Lenox D. Baker Papers, Medical Center Archives, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.
Acquisitions Information
Acquired; Unknown
Sensitive Materials Statement
Collections may contain Medical Center Administrative records. These include records of the officers of the University, as defined in the Bylaws, the deans of schools and colleges, and departments, institutes, and other offices as designated by the President. For a period of twenty-five years from the origin of the material, permission in writing from the director of the office of record and the Medical Center Archivist is required for use. After twenty-five years, records that have been processed may be consulted with the permission of the Medical Center Archivist.
Collection may contain Records of the Board of Trustees of the Duke University Medical Center. These include minutes and supporting documentation of the Board, its Executive Committee, and standing and ad hoc committees, and reports, studies, and the like presented solely to the Board. Records which have been existence for at least fifty years are available for scholarly research with the permission of the Medical Center Archivist. Access to records which have been in existence for less than fifty years shall be granted only by special permission, in writing, of the Medical Center Board of Trustees.
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Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings and Medical Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collectionsuch as folders or items.

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Biographical Information

Dr. Lenox D. Baker was born in DeKalb, Tex., in 1902. He earned his undergraduate degree from the University of Tennessee in 1929, and graduated as part of Duke University School of Medicine's first graduating class in 1932. Dr. Baker married Virginia Flowers, the daughter of the President of Duke University, and later returned to Duke in 1937 as an Assistant Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery. He came back to Duke in 1937 and became the chief of the Division of Orthopaedics,and established the Duke University Medical Center Orthopaedic and Affiliated Institutions Training Program in 1938. Dr. Baker helped establish the North Carolina Cerebral Palsy Hospital, which originally was on Duke-owned property but was built with state funds. He served as medical director at the Cerebral Palsy Hospital until his retirement in 1972. Prior to his retirement, the hospital was renamed the Lenox Baker Children's Hospital. In addition to his academic achievements, Dr. Baker was the team physician for Duke sports activities for thirty years and was inaugurated into the North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame in recognition of his contributions.

Dr. Baker was involved in outlying state orthopaedic clinics and continued this involvement throughout his career. He was also active in numerous state and national organizations. He was a founder and president of the North Carolina Orthopaedic Association, and was active in the American Academy for Cerebral Palsy, for whom he also served as president. Dr. Baker was elected President of the American Orthopaedic Association in 1964.

Dr. Baker was recognized as a Distinguished Alumnus by Duke University and the Medical Center named him as an outstanding alumnus and teacher. He initiated the fund-raising for the Virginia Flowers Baker Distinguished Professor Chair, which was activated in 1988. After his retirement from Duke, Dr. Baker directed his energies toward the North Carolina State Health Department and became the secretary of the State Department of Human Resources.

Dr. Baker died in 1995.

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Scope and Content

The Lenox D. Baker papers contains Baker's administrative and personal papers and correspondence. Types of materials include photographs, correspondence, and newspaper clippings.

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Contents list

Series Quick Links

Administrative and Personal Papers, 1930-1976

This series contains the administrative correspondence and papers for Dr. Baker in connection with his work as Chief of Orthopaedics at Duke along with his work at the Cerebral Palsy museum, his work at various clinics, and his work with professional societies.


Box 1
A - General Correspondence, 1942-1971
Activities, programs, and meetings, 1962-1964
Adams, Chick: Board of Trustees letters, 1968-1969
Air force: Training Program, 1952-1962
Allen - Duke 1965-1969
AMA - Physical Therapy Advisory Committee, (2 folders), 1957-1961
American Academy for Cerebral Palsy, 1952-1969
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1940-1945
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1946-1949
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1950-1959
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1960-1965

Box 2
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1966-1969
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: Liaison Committee, 1960
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: Liaison Committee, February 1961- June 1961
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: Liaison Committee, , undated July 1961- November 1961
American Orthopaedic Association, 1953-1959
American Orthopaedic Association, 1960-1962
American Orthopaedic Association, 1963-1965
American Orthopaedic Association, 1966-1967
American Orthopaedic Association, 1968
American Orthopaedic Association, 1969
American Orthopaedic Association, 1970-1971
American Orthopaedic Association, undated
American Orthopaedic Association: Gavel Correspondence, 1965-1966
American Orthopaedic Association: Resident Guest, 1964-1971
American Orthopaedic Association: Resident Guest, 1969

Box 3
American Orthopaedic Association: Resident Guest Committee, 1966-1970
American Orthopaedic Association: 79th Annual Meeting, 1966
Letters Regarding Vancouver AOA Meeting, 15-20 June 1964
Anlyan, Dr. William G., 1964-1966
Appointments, 1937-1967
Army Institute of Pathology, 1946-1961
Arthritis Program, , undated 1955-1963
Athletic Department (Duke University), 1960-1966
Restricted: Awards: crippled Children, 1953-1954
Azuma, Governor Ryotano, 1965-1966
B - General Correspondence, 1955-*1971
Baker, Lenox D.: Education, training, etc., 1969
Baker, Lenox D.: General Correspondence, 1942-1970
Baker, Lenox D. : Medical School and Residency Training, 1930-1936
Baker, Lenox Jr., 1966-1971
Baker, Robert F., 1966-1970
Mr. Barnes, 1958-1969
Restricted: Battle Creek Clinic, 1960-1963
Battle Creek Clinic, 1965-1969

Box 4
Bennett, Dr. Robert, 1945-1957
Dr. Bennett: Hall of Fame, 1937-1962
Bugg, E.L., 1952-1971
Baker, Dr. Roger, 1957-1961
Bradford - Columbia, 1968-1969
Bennett Place, 1971
Bennett Place Restoration, (2 folders), 1958-1963
Biographical Sketches, 1958-1971
Book Reviews, 1960
Boy Scouts (Texarkana, Tex.), 1956-1971
Buildings: Names For, 1955-1970

Box 5
C - General Correspondence, (2 folders), 1937-1971
Cameron (Eddie) Project, 1959-1972
Cerebral Palsy Football Game, 1962-1964
Cerebral Palsy Football Game, 1964-1965
Cerebral Palsy Hospital Dedication, 1950
Cerebral Palsy Hospital: Blumenthal, Edna, 1952-1971

Box 6
Cerebral Palsy Hospital: Miscellaneous, (3 folders), 1952-1972
Cerebral Palsy Hospital: Miss Vick, 1955-1971
Cerebral Palsy Panel on Protocol National Institute of Health, 1955
Cerebral Palsy Research, , undated 1950-1965
Cerebral Palsy: Surgery Performed at Duke, 1952-1955
Restricted: Cerebral Palsy: Surgery Performed at Duke, 1952-1955
Chapel of Nameless Woman, 1966
Cleland - Chapel Material, 1965-1971
Clinics: Ahoskie Clinic, 1952-1960
Clinics: Clinton Clinic, 1953-1971
Clinics: Concord Clinic, 1952-1954
Clinics: Greenville Clinic, 1957
Clinics: Highpoint Clinic, 1952
Clinics: Lumberton Clinic, 1953-1954

Box 7
Clinics: Morehead City Clinic, 1952-1968
Clinics: Smithfield Clinic, 1956
Clinics: Wilmington Clinic, 1956-1958
Clinics: Wilson Clinic, 1953-1963
Clinics: Winston Salem Clinic, 1955
Clinics Visited, 1937-1957
Committees, 1959-1970
Community Hospital, 1954-1967
Condolences, 1958-1963
Condolences, 1964-1966
Condolences, 1967-1968
Condolences, 1969-1970
Condolences, 1971-1972, undated
Congratulatory Letters, (2 folders), 1971-1972

Box 8
Credentials Committee Inspection, 1967
Mr. Crenshaw, 1960-1962
Job Specifications/ S.B. # 178, undated
North Carolina Cerebral Palsy Hospital - Lenox D. Baker Cerebral Palsy Hospital, 1971
United Cerebral Palsy, 1969-1971
D - General Correspondence, 1952-1971
Dr. Davison, 1955-1970
De Rogatis, Al, 1970
Dog, 1953
Durham Cerebral Palsy Foundation, 1961-1962
Durham County Hospital, 1969
Durham Outstanding Handicapped, 14 October 1965
E - General Correspondence, 1952-1971
East Carolina College of Medicine, 1965-1971
Easter Seal Society Crippled Children and Adults, 1971
Ellsasser Washington, St. Louis, 1969
Exhibits, 1939-1955
F - General Correspondence, 1953-1971
Fellowships, 1955-1963
Fellowship Committee, 1946-1950

Box 9
Fellowship Reports, 1946-1951
Dubois and Kingdom - National Foundation Etc. (Fellowships, money for Fellowships), 1946-1951
Football Classic - Cerebral Palsy, 1976
Foreign Places (Places to Visit), 1964-1972
For Meetings File, 1942-1960
Frymoyer - Vermont, 1963-1969
G - General Correspondence, 1947-1971

Box 10
Dr. Gardner, 1961-1964
GI Bill Adjustments, Training Program, 1947
Gifts, 1961-1966
Restricted: Gifts and Donations, 1961
Glasson, Dr. John, 1949-1971
Dr. Goldner, 1967-1971
GP Book Review, 1964-1971
Grandfather Golf Country Club, October 22-25, 1970
Grants, 1947-1966

Box 11
Greensboro Daily News, (2 folders), 1 August 1971
Groceries, 1971
Gross - Toronto, 1969
Gudakunst, Dr. Don W, 1945-1949
Guatemala Trip, 15-29 November, 1970
H - General Correspondence, (2 folders), 1950-1972

Box 12
Hall of Fame NC Sports, 1969
Hart, Dr. Daryl, 1951-1967
Herald Sun Paper, 1964-1965
Hill, Watts, 1963
History of Orthopaedics and Cerebral Palsy in NC, circa 1969-1970
History of Orthopaedics in N.C., Speech at Johns Hopkins 1964, 1964-1970
Hoke, Dr. Michael, 1944-1947
Honors, 1967
I - General Correspondence, 1953-1970
Instructor's Reports, 1947
Interurban, (2 folders), 1962-1972

Box 13
Interurban Itinerary St. Louis, 1971
Irwin, Ed C., 1945-1964
Irwin, Ed C., 1955-1962
J - General Correspondence, 1945-1972
Jacobs, Dr. Julian E. (Training Program), 1947-1958
Jeter - Oklahoma, 1966-1968
Johns Hopkins Hospital, 1941-1953
Amos Johnson and Board of Trustees, 1965
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Editorial Board of Trustees, 1960-1971

Box 14
K - Correspondence, (2 folders), 1939-1961
Kimmelsteil, Dr. Paul - Charlotte Memorial Hospital, 1946-1950
King, Dr. Lecter S., 1967-1968
Kinney, Dr. Thomas, 1960
L - General Correspondence, 1940-1971
Lawrence, Dr. Ben, 1962
Lectures and Presentations, 1960-1964
Liaison Com. (Officers), 1955-1962
Library Committee, 1942-1960

Box 15
Library - Orthopaedic Clinic, 1968
Lincoln Hospital (Director's Meeting), 1948-1970
Mc - General Correspondence, 1945-1971
M - General Correspondence, (2 folders), 1954-1971

Box 16
Mann, Ted, 1964-1968
Mecklenburg County Medical Society, Charlotte, 17 March 1964
Medical - Legal, 1959-1962
Medical Tribune, Letters Concerning, 1963
Medicare (NC State Board of Health), 1965-1966
Memberships / Meetings Attended, 1936-1957
Memorandums - Training Program, 1947-1952
Michigan Society For Crippled Children, 1960
Miller, Dr. O.L., 1939-1951
Miller, Dr. Oscar L. - Charlotte, N.C., 1946-1971
Memoirs Dr. O.L. Miller, 1953,1961

Box 17
Miller Memorial, 1971
Some Recollections of My Years With Dr. Michael Hoke - Dr. O.L. Miller, 1961-1971
Miscellaneous - Training Program, 1945-1958
Moore, 1964-1968
N - General Correspondence, 1951-1971
National Foundation For Infantile Paralysis - Landauer, Dr. Kenneth, 1947-1951
Navy Applicants, 1965
Navy Correspondence - Re: Naval Trainees For Orthopaedic Training Program, 1952-1961
Navy Trainees - Accepted, 1947-1950
Neville, Robert J., M.D., 1949-1951
NCMS, 1969-1972
NCMS: Executive Council File, 1947-1961
NCMS: Legislation, 1958-1962
NCMS: Negotiations Committee Nominating Committee, 1958-1965

Box 18
NCMS: Nominating Committee, 1958-1964
NCMS: Politics, (4 folders), 1957-1971

Box 19
NFIP Training Program: October 1949 Meeting in Durham, 1948-1953
Norfleet, Miss Dell (Grizzelle), (3 folders), 1936-1950
Norfleet, Miss Dell, 1952-1971
North Carolina Orthopaedic Association, 1955-1972
North Carolina State Board of Health, 1956-1971

Box 20
North Carolina Rehabilitation Association Conference, Winston Salem, 1966
North Carolina State Board of Health: Advisory Commission File, (2 folders), 1953-1971
North Carolina State Board of Health: Minutes of Board Meetings, 1964-1966
North Carolina State Board of Health, President, 1964-1971
North Carolina State Board of Health: Dr. Jacob Koomen, 1965
Restricted: Notification of Personnel Action, Department of the Army, 1964

Box 21
O'Connor, Basil, (2 folders), 1952-1967
Other Correspondence, , undated 1961-1969
P - General Correspondence, 1953-1971
Palmer, 1966-1971
Physical Therapy, 1958-1959
Physical Therapy Department Communications, 1959, 1961

Box 22
Piedmont Orthopaedic Society, 1954-1956
Piedmont Orthopaedic Society, 1957-1970
Piedmont Orthopaedic Society: Travel, 1962, 1963, 1967
President's Committee on Employment of the Physically Handicapped, 1958-1971
Programs Appeared On, 1937-1971
Prostigmine File, 1946
Publications - Fellowship, 1947-1954
Publication Lists, 1938-1971
Publications: The Bulletin, December 1968
Publications and Correspondence: The Consultant, 1961
Publications and Correspondence: Department of Surgery, 1959-1964
Publications and Correspondence: General Practice, 1966-1968
Publications and Correspondence: Modern Medicine, 1962
Publications and Correspondence: North Carolina Medical Journal, 1958
Publications and Correspondence: Southern Medical Journal, 1950,1961
Publications and Correspondence:,
Publications and Correspondence: Treatment of Cancer and Allied Diseases, 1963

Box 23
R - Correspondence, 1951-1971
Rehabilitation, 1959
Rehabilitation Center, 1954-1956
Requisitions - Orthopaedic Training Program, 1945-1950
Research Fellowship United Cerebral Palsy, 1960-1962
Research Triangle, 1967-1969
Former Resident's Replies To Request For Orthopaedic History, 1969
Retirement, 1967
Roberts, Dr. William M. - Gastonia, N.C., 1945-1968
Reply To Memorandum Number 64, 1950
Reprints, Lenox D. Baker, 1949-1966

Box 24
Resident - Guest, 1967-1970
Resident - Guest 1966, 1970
Resident - Guest 1967,1968
S - General Correspondence, (2 folders), 1955-1971
Sabiston, Dr. David, 1964-1971
Sanford, 1970
Seaboard, 1969-1970

Box 25
Shands, Alfred R., 1968
Shands, Dr. Alfred R. and Ghormley, Ralph, 1945-1955
Shands, Dr. A.R. - The Nemours Foundation, 1937-1944
Shrine Burn Unit, 1963-1968
Spring Meeting (Training Program) Charlotte, 1947-1949
Stelling, Dr. Frank, 1950-1967
Student Training File, 1964
SICOT, 1968
Social Security, 1969
Southern Conference Trainer's Assignment, 1952
Southern Medical Association, 1956-1971

Box 26
Southern Medical Association Editorial Committee, (2 folders), 1944-1971
Southern Railway Co. Orthopaedist, 1958-1970
Southern Surgical Association, 1969-1971
Thompson, Dr. Hugh, 1963-1970
Taylor, Daniel E., (2 folders), 1955-1967
Schedule Lectures - Training, 1936-1957

Box 27
T - General Correspondence, 1938-1971
Taylor Foundation, 1968-1971
Teaching, 1960-1970
Telethon UCP, 1969-1970
"That Something", 1944-1958
ToBac Club, 1964-1972
Toward Highway Safety, 1964
Training Program and Correspondence Letter File, 1948-1962
U - General Correspondence,
United of Omaha, 1958
V - Correspondence, 1956-1979
Viets, Dr. Henry R. - Boston, Mass., 1945-1949
Vocational Rehabilitation, 1961-1971
Veterans Hospital Staff, 1951-1970

Box 28
W - General Correspondence, (2 folders), 1951-1971
War Department - Consultant Appt., 1948-1949
Watts - Harvard, 1968
White, Dr. J. Warren, 1946-1957
Winkler, Dr. Harry, 1948-1956
Dr. Woodhall, 1961, 1964
Worthington, Catherine NFIP, 1949-1960
XYZ - General Correspondence, 1949-1971

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